Fruit and berry plants
Strawberries are one of the most attractive garden berries, they have a great taste and bright aroma. It ripens one of the first and due to its constituent antioxidants and microelements is a vitamin salvation for the human body weakened during the winter. But strawberries also have disadvantages - they are whimsical and capricious, so only experienced gardeners can safely grow it from year to year. However, for a person who is ready to learn, nothing is impossible, and yesterday's beginner can cope with a more difficult task tomorrow than growing strawberries.
In this article, we are ready to share with you a few secrets about how to plant and care for strawberries in the fall.
When to plant strawberries in autumn
Dates of autumn planting
Planting strawberries in open ground is carried out both in spring and in autumn. Spring planting is carried out from mid-April to early May, and autumn planting from late July to early September, although the timing of planting strawberries in different regions may shift in one direction or another.
When asked when it is better to plant strawberries, one can answer that in most regions the autumn planting of strawberries is considered the most successful - at this time, gardeners have more time, since the terms are stretched for a month and a half, and there is plenty of planting material, and the weather is favorable for the rooting of strawberries. sockets. In addition, strawberries planted in autumn may yield a harvest next year, and if you plant strawberries in spring, there will be no berries this year.
When to plant strawberries in the regions
In the middle lane and in the Far East, if the weather permits, the autumn planting of strawberries is carried out from the beginning of August to the end of September. In the southern regions of Russia, in Ukraine and Moldova, autumn planting of strawberries is carried out until the end of October, in Siberia, the so-called autumn planting should be tried to be completed before August 10, in extreme cases - until the end of summer. In the Urals, the autumn planting of strawberries is from the end of July to the first ten days of September.
Planting strawberries in the fall in the ground
Preparing for landing
For planting strawberries, you can purchase varietal seedlings in the nursery, or you can take planting material from your garden. A good strawberry seedling should have 3-4 healthy leaves (the rest must be removed) and roots about 10 cm long (if the roots are longer, shorten them to normal). Immediately before planting, the roots of each seedling are dipped into a mash of the consistency of liquid sour cream from humus and soil, diluted with water with the addition of a growth regulator - Epin, Kornevin, Mikras or Zircon.
Then you can plant strawberries.
If you are planting strawberries in the ground for the first time, you need to choose the right site for it. It should be well lit by the sun, but at the same time protected from the wind. The best location is on the southwest side with a 2-3 º slope. It is of great importance what crops were grown on the site before the strawberries.
Siderates, mustard, beans, peas, radishes, radishes, carrots, celery, parsley, onions and garlic are considered good predecessors.
It is undesirable to plant strawberries where tomatoes, potatoes, eggplants, cabbage, peppers, cucumbers, Compositae crops (asters, dahlias, marigolds, marigolds, chamomile, sunflower, artichoke, cornflowers, burdock, dandelions, lettuce, chicory, Jerusalem artichoke and others) and buttercup (buttercup, aquilegia, anemone, aconite, clematis, delphinium, spring, hellebore and others).
Can strawberries be planted after strawberries? In one area, strawberries are grown for no longer than four years, and then they are transplanted to another area.
Soil for strawberries
When planning to plant strawberries, you must first prepare the soil for it. The soil for strawberries should be fertile, rich in nutrients, because in one place the bushes will grow and bear fruit for 3-4 years. The acidity of the soil should be within 5-6.5 units, and the groundwater level should not be higher than 60 cm.
Before planting, the soil is checked for the presence of wireworms and Colorado potato beetle larvae, especially if your site is near a forest belt. And if the test is positive, add ammonium nitrate to the soil a month before planting or spill the soil on the site with a solution of Confidor, Marshal or Bazudin.
Dig up a site of a week two before planting to a depth of 25-30 cm, adding 10-20 kg of humus or rotted manure, 15 g of potassium chloride and 30 g of superphosphate for each m2. In acidic soils, a year or two before planting strawberries, 4 to 6 kg of lime are added for each m².
Immediately before planting strawberries in the ground, the soil on the site is loosened to a depth of 15 cm.
How to plant strawberries in the fall
Autumn planting rules
How to plant strawberries in the fall? The correct planting of strawberries in the fall is carried out in the evening or on a cloudy day. Strawberries are planted in furrows spilled with water, made with a hoe along a stretched cord.
How far to plant strawberries? The scheme for planting strawberries looks like this: the distance between the furrows should be 60-80 cm, and between the seedlings in a row - 15-20 cm. With this planting, the plants winter better, close faster and bear fruit well. Dip the roots of the seedlings, treated with a clay mash, vertically into the ground and seal them, leaving the hearts above the surface. Press the soil around the bushes so that they do not easily pull out, and cover the area with humus or peat.
Planting strawberries with a mustache in open ground
For planting, you can take seedlings grown from your own strawberries: after fruiting, select healthy bushes of two years old, which this year did not give a very large harvest, dig in the first 2-4 antennae that extend from them, and when they take root, pinch off the mustache growing further ... By the time of planting, you will already have a strong seedling with roots in a glass, and you will only have to remove excess leaves from the seedlings.
The outlets are planted in the same way as described in the previous section. Do not take rosettes from bushes that have plentifully fruiting this year, since they are unlikely to give promising rosettes for planting: in one growing season, a bush can either give a full harvest of berries or full seedlings.
Planting strawberries on agrofibre
Many gardeners prefer to plant strawberries under agrofibre. Planting strawberries under black covering material is carried out in order to reduce labor costs and increase yields by about a third. This topic deserves a separate article, but we will briefly tell you what the essence of the agrotechnical technique is.
Agrofibre saves strawberries from weeds, protects them from drought, snow, rainstorms and other unpleasant phenomena. This environmentally friendly covering material is extremely resistant to ultraviolet rays and has such qualities as air and water permeability. It can be used for mulching the root zones of garden shrubs and trees.
The width of the agrofibre is 1.6 m or 3.2 m, so it is advisable to make a bed for strawberries of such a width that it can be covered with one strip of material. If your beds are wider, you will not have to connect the strips of the canvas end-to-end, but with an overlap of at least 20 cm.Prepare the bed, as described above, and deeply loosen the soil - for the next 3-4 years you will not have to dig the ground under the fiber ... Add organic matter and mineral fertilizing to the soil in advance - fertilizing strawberries when planting is undesirable.
Divide the wire into pieces of 70-80 cm long and bend each one in half - these will be the pins with which you will secure the covering material. Lay agrofibre on the garden bed, attach it with pins to the ground along the perimeter and along the line of the strip connection and press down the corners and joints with stones, boards or paving slabs. If the area covered with fiber turns out to be too wide, lay paths of boards or tiles along it so that you can reach every bush from the aisle.
Place chalk marks on the fiber in those places where the bushes will be planted, in place of the marks, make a cross-shaped cut with a knife and bend the resulting corners outward. How to properly plant strawberries under (or on) agrofibre? Make holes in the ground under the cross-shaped cuts, plant strawberries in them, as described, fold the corners of agrofibre into the holes, fill the holes with soil and pour water over each bush. Remember that strawberries do not like deep planting - the heart of the bush must remain above the surface.
Transplanting strawberries in autumn
When to transplant strawberries
As we already wrote, strawberries can grow in one place for three or four years, and if you are interested in consistently high yields, after this period you need to change the plot for strawberries. The transplant will help you rejuvenate the bushes and rid the plants of pathogens specific to the culture of diseases and pests that have accumulated in the soil over three years.
You can transplant strawberries during the entire growing season, but most gardeners prefer to do this after flowering and fruiting. In which month to transplant strawberries in the fall? The best time to change the site is the end of August and September - at this time the land is wet and well warmed up by the sun, and the weather is already cool. Before the onset of cold weather, the plants will have time to take root, grow a rosette of leaves and leave for the winter stronger.
It is pointless to transfer old bushes to a new site. One-year or two-year-old bushes are transplanted, as well as young strong shoots formed on the mustache. Two-year-old bushes in a new location will yield crops as early as next year. The bush is placed in a hole or furrow filled with water, the roots of the seedling are straightened, then they are sprinkled with soil and lightly tamped the surface around the bush, then the bed is mulched with peat or humus.
Autumn care for strawberries
After planting or transplanting, caring for strawberries should pursue the only goal - to provide young bushes with the opportunity to build up a developed root system that will feed them in winter. This will require regular watering, loosening the soil around the bushes, weeding the site, pruning, treatment from pests and diseases, and shelter for the winter.
The first week after planting strawberries in the open field requires frequent watering - two to three times a week. When rooting occurs, watering is reduced, but the soil is kept slightly moist and loose at all times. Watering is carried out in the morning with cold water. Water must be poured so that drops do not fall on the leaves.
How to feed strawberries
As for feeding strawberries, it will be necessary to apply fertilizers to the soil only in the third or even the fourth year - the bushes just planted in the fertilized soil are enough.
Outdoor strawberries need protection from diseases and pests. Treating strawberries from pests in the fall helps to get rid of insects that have settled down for the winter in the upper layer of the soil. Loosen the soil around the bushes to a depth of 6-8 cm and treat the area with a solution of three tablespoons of Karbofos in 10 liters of water heated to a temperature of 30 ºC. After processing, cover the bed for three hours with plastic wrap.
Treatment of strawberries in the fall from diseases is also necessary. It is carried out with the aim of destroying pathogens that survive the winter cold in the upper soil layer. To destroy them, a two percent Bordeaux liquid or a solution of one tablespoon of copper oxychloride in 10 liters of water is used.
Opponents of the use of chemicals believe that processing strawberries with a composition with the following ingredients provides reliable protection from both pests and fungal infections:
- 10 liters of warm water;
- 2 tablespoons of wood ash;
- 3 tablespoons of overcooked vegetable oil;
- 2 tablespoons of vinegar;
- 2 glasses of liquid soap.
The ingredients are thoroughly mixed into a homogeneous composition, which is used to treat a bed of strawberries, trying to wet not only the leaves, but also the soil under the bushes.
There is no need to cut off seedlings with two or three leaves just planted in the ground for the winter, on the contrary, the overgrowth of the rosette with leaves is in every possible way encouraged. But if mustaches begin to grow on the strawberries, they must be removed, because now there is no need for them, and the plant must spend its energy primarily on strengthening the root system.
Immediately after planting in the ground, the soil around the bushes is mulched with peat or humus, but on the eve of winter, additional mulching of strawberries is carried out.
Preparing strawberries for winter
With the onset of cold weather, you need to prepare strawberries for winter in case there is little or no snow at all. To prevent strawberries from freezing in autumn and winter, and most importantly, to keep snow on the site, you need to cover the soil with straw or dry foliage. Peat, corn stalks, sawdust and spruce branches are also suitable as mulch. The thickness of the protective layer must be at least 5 cm.
- Read the topic on Wikipedia
- Features and other plants of the family Pink
- List of all species on The Plant List
- More information on World Flora Online
- Information about Fruit Crops
- Information about Berry Crops
Sections: Fruit and berry plants Strawberry Pink (Rosaceae) Herbaceous Plants on K
Dahlias - planting and care in the open field
Dahlias are beautiful garden flowers from the Astrov family. Today is an article about planting and caring for dahlias in the open field. Their distinctive feature is long flowering. They have a wide palette of colors, and the shapes are very diverse. Mexico is considered the birthplace of dahlias. They came to Europe at the end of the 18th century. The beautiful flowers owe their name to the famous botanist and geographer Johann Georgi. The genus of dahlias has about 30 species and 15,000 varieties. And now more about
Popular species and good varieties for Siberia
It is best for beginners to stop their attention on well-known varieties that have already established themselves:
- Daryonka - this early ripe variety boasts immunity to fungal diseases and pests. Also, such a plant tolerates winter temperatures well and brings a large amount of harvest. Berries of medium size (15-20 grams) have a blunt cone shape. The taste is pleasant, sweet and sour
- Kama - this variety has excellent frost and drought resistance. There is a susceptibility to infection with brown or white spot. Large fruits, weighing 25-35 grams, are made in the form of a rounded rhombus, the presence of ribbing is characteristic. When fully ripe, the skin takes on a maroon hue. The pulp is juicy, tender and sweet and sour
- Masha - a variety of Russian selection is perfectly adapted to the conditions of the middle lane. The plant is not afraid of diseases and recurrent frosts, but at the same time it brings a good harvest. The leaves on the bushes are large, and the flower stalks are powerful and stable. Oblong, bright red berries have a pleasant taste and strawberry aroma
- Queen Elizabeth - a feature of the remontant variety will be its large and very sweet fruits. The plant can tolerate severe frosts, recurrent frosts, insect attacks and diseases well. The yield is always at a high level. The main disadvantage of the variety will be that it does not form a mustache, so it will have to be propagated with the help of seeds.
How to choose the time for the autumn planting according to the lunar calendar in 2020
Deciding when to plant strawberries is primarily based on the weather conditions of a particular day.
But, if there is such an opportunity, then it is better to land new outlets in the phase of the waxing moon.
But on the full moon and new moon, it is better not to carry out any landing work. Plants do not take root well, they often get sick.
In the fall of 2020, the moon will grow on the following days:
- in September - 1, 18 - 30.
- in October - 1, 17 - 31.
- in November - 16 - 29.
Full moons and new moons will fall on the following dates:
- in September - 2, 17.
- in October - 2, 16, 31.
- in November - 15, 30.
Planting and growing good varieties outdoors
How to properly plant seedlings in open ground? As in the case of the greenhouse, the soil is pre-prepared. It is best to choose loamy soils.
There the plant will grow and develop very well. It is important to feed with phosphorus fertilizers and humus. Do this in the fall, leaving the soil in this form for the winter. 3 weeks before planting, the soil is dug up in the spring. For 1 square meter of land, you need to add 10 liters of manure, which was left over from last year. And you can plant seedlings in mid-May.
There are several options for planting strawberries outdoors.
- The carpet method involves planting seedlings 20 by 20 cm... It is understood that the intervals between the bushes and between the rows will be 20 cm each. Growing more and more, the bushes will take up empty space.
- An ordinary planting method implies maintaining a distance between the bushes of 25 cm... Gaps between rows are 70 cm. Usually this method is used for those varieties of strawberries that can grow in width.
Having chosen the planting method, the holes are prepared. Dig holes 15 cm deep. Usually summer residents use a small spatula. But it all depends on the individual characteristics of the seedlings. If the roots are too long, then the hole is made deep. It is advisable to make a small hump in the hole so that you can carefully place the roots of the seedlings.
A special powder is often used, scattering it near the roots. It promotes better root growth. The neck of the root should be level with the ground. The hole and the planted seedlings must be watered with water.
On the video - growing remontant strawberries at home:
Compliance with all the rules for care will lead to a good harvest. After the rain has passed, or you have watered the soil yourself, you need to loosen the soil.
It is very important not to damage the roots and whiskers when loosening. But if you took care of the seedlings by initially mulching the soil, then frequent loosening is not needed. Peat, sawdust, grass can become mulch. Read about the reviews on growing Irma strawberries here.
Watering repair strawberries should be done much more often than regular strawberries. Particular attention is paid to watering on hot days. If the plant bears fruit, outside +30 degrees, then the earth should be moist to a depth of 3 cm constantly. And mulch will keep moisture, water will evaporate much slower.
Along with watering, fertilizing is usually carried out. Usually they make an infusion of herbs. Take wormwood or nettle, fill it with water, leave it in the sun to settle for a week. This solution contains the necessary nutrients. Additionally, an infusion of droppings of cows or birds is used.
Outdoor strawberries are much more susceptible to disease. The list of diseases includes:
- gray rot - a fungus that usually spreads on cool days
- powdery mildew - associated with foliar disease
- brown spot - damage to foliage.
In the video - planting and growing remontant strawberries:
After a period of fruiting, the bushes are prepared for wintering. Old plants need to be fed so that they recover by the next season. Already at the end of summer, it is important to remove the peduncles. It is important to cut off the leaves after the frost comes. But it is important to weather the holes until frost. They are fed, covered with a layer of foliage, which has rotted. At sub-zero temperatures, the bushes are already covered. For shelter, you can take recently collected foliage.
You can grow remontant strawberries all year round in a greenhouse. Many people make successful businesses growing these berries. Regardless of the season, berries are always in demand. With proper care and proper feeding of strawberries, you can get a very good harvest. Repair strawberries respond very well to proper care. Find out about the description of the strawberry variety Ruby Pendant here.
How to plant strawberries
The sharply sharpened blades of Fiskars shovels can easily dig up stony and clayey soil. They, like butter knife, cut even the roots. The cutting bend is designed at a 13 ° angle: easy to dig and work the lawn edge.
- Make shallow holes, taking into account the distance between the bushes 30 cm, between the rows - 40-70 cm.
- If humus was not added, pour 20 grams of fertilizer with microelements for strawberries (1 tbsp. L.) Into each hole. Mix the fertilizer with the soil to avoid burning the seedling roots.
- Place the bush in the hole. Make sure that the roots do not bend, otherwise there will be no berries. Long pruning - squeeze the root system in a fist and prune the protruding processes with pruning shears.
- Water the hole to hydrate the roots. For each bush, half a liter of water is enough, if the ground is dry - 1 liter.
- When the water is absorbed, fill in without covering the outlet (apical bud) of the bush. It should be level with the ground: if it is deeper, it will rot, it will be high, it will freeze in frost.
- Tamp the soil around the bush and trim off the mustache and damaged leaves. A young plant must develop, over time it will release new ones.
- If planting in rows, make grooves between them and water in them. Do not pour water on the plants so that a crust does not form around the bush. It prevents the plant from breathing.
- When pouring, wait for the water to absorb and cover (cover) the furrows with peat, hay or straw. Otherwise, you will have to constantly loosen the furrows so that moisture remains in them longer.
When to transplant strawberries
In spring, it is best to plant from late April to mid-May. During this period, there is still no heat, but there is already a lot of sunshine. Planting strawberries in autumn is optimal at the end of August and until mid-September. Before freezing, the bushes will acclimate and put in a good root system. Strawberries transplanted in autumn will yield a harvest next year, but those planted in spring will not.
It is convenient to cover the strawberry garden with agrofibre, but I am used to mulching the soil with organic matter - hay or straw. Thus, it is easier to care for strawberries, the berries do not come into contact with the ground and are less sick.
- Agrofibre or natural mulch creates shade for the ground. It does not overheat or dry out.
- They keep weeds out. You will not need to weed the garden.
- Dry grass and agrotextile protect the berries from dirt. You can safely eat it right from the garden.
- They reflect light. Result: strawberries are sweeter and ripen faster.
Growing strawberries in cold regions is possible, you just need to understand that a gentle garden culture in a harsh climate requires a special approach. In a warm area, with a lack of nutrition or poor watering, you will simply harvest a meager crop. In the northern latitudes, only strong bushes will survive the frosty winter. If you do not provide them with good care, in the spring you will see only frozen rhizomes and will not wait for green leaves, flowers and berries.
It is advisable to buy locally bred strawberry seedlings, they are adapted to your climate. Tender species will not survive outdoors and require shelter, warm beds, or other structures to protect them from the cold. Choose the sunniest place for the berry. It is desirable that it be a flat area or a gentle slope facing south. Avoid close proximity to groundwater, the bushes will start to hurt.
In colder climates, a spring planting is recommended so that the plants have time to get stronger by winter. Do not forget to follow the weather forecast, especially in spring, when it can get colder at any moment. In case of a threat of frost, cover the berry with a film or non-woven insulating material. Feed and water your green pets correctly, and they will thank you for your attention and care with a rich harvest.
Strawberries have an unforgettable taste and aroma, thanks to which they are loved by both adults and children. This berry is very popular, but its price is quite high, and it is much more profitable to grow strawberries on your own right at their summer cottage.
Important tips for handling and care
In addition to the general rules for caring for strawberries, there are various nuances and secrets, the authors of which are experienced gardeners. Their advice helps to increase yields, saturate the berry with juiciness and unique taste.
One of the secrets of successful strawberry cultivation is drip irrigation.
- When choosing a place for planting strawberries, it is worth giving preference to a site where they were previously grown: onions, beets, carrots, garlic, celery, herbs.
- Shoots develop well in light soils... It is recommended to add peat and sand to dense soil.
- Fertilizing the soil before planting itself is not worth it, it is better to do this in the fall during spring planting. After the introduction of nutrition in the spring, you need to let the soil settle for at least a month.
- When choosing an irrigation system, it is better to stop the choice. on drip irrigation or sprinkling.
- Young shoots need trace elements. A good complementary food for them will be a mixture of potassium permanganate, boric acid, ammonium molybdate and water.
To make spring work easier to carry out without missing important points, it is recommended to draw up a plan of measures for processing the culture. The plant will surely reward the effort and time spent with a generous harvest.