Houseplants Published: May 22, 2013 Reprinted: Last edits:
Hello, dear friends - summer residents and gardeners!
Probably, many, while resting from their gardens and orchards, turn their attention to growing indoor plants, which brighten up our cold winter evenings.
Flowers from seed: challenging but exciting
Of course, most often we grow annuals from seeds, and in the open field: petunias, nasturtiums, asters and others. But indoor flowers can also be grown in this way. A true florist will not resist the temptation to experiment, suffer in order to get the flower of his dreams.
Often, even small seedlings or young exotic indoor flowers are very expensive. In addition, not everywhere (not in every city) you can buy a plant you like. And now you can order seeds even via the Internet or from the catalogs of specialized flower shops.
Seeds are generally inexpensive. Another plus: in the bag you will find not one, but several grains, and at least one of them will sprout. And in order for these small shoots to turn into beautiful flowers as a result, you need to know how to properly grow an indoor flower from seeds.
Choosing, buying, storing seeds
In specialty stores or on Internet sites, houseplant seeds are sold in sachets with detailed instructions. Also, you can check some of the nuances of growing with the sellers of a particular store or site by phone or by email. therefore I recommend buying seeds not on the market from hands, but at specialized points of sale intended for this.
Do not throw away the packet with the instructions, you can use it to track whether your seed is developing correctly and what you should do at each subsequent stage of its growth.
When buying, pay attention to the date of sorting and packing of seeds, as well as their expiration date: expired seeds have very low germination. Once, for an experiment, I sowed two absolutely identical flowers of different years of release on the site. Old seeds have sprouted only 1/3 of the total number of seeds. There are, of course, plants that remain viable for up to 6 years, but there are very few of them. So it is better to buy or take seeds of the previous year from friends.
One more question, which is better to clarify in the store when buying: how to store seeds correctly? If you are not going to immediately sow purchased seeds, then provide them with the correct storage conditions. For most, this is a cool, dark, dry place. For example, I store it in a cold hallway in a locker. The main thing is that the seeds are dry, otherwise they can be affected by rot and mold. A flower will not grow from diseased seeds or will be sick.
If you did not buy seeds in a bag, but received as a gift or took from someone, take care of them, because the seed collected at home must be well dried and ventilated before storage.
When to sow seeds
Basically, indoor flowers from seeds can be grown almost all year round... After all, the sprouts will be in the house, neither heat nor frost will damage them. But still, it is better to do this on the eve of the growing season - in February-March. At this time, all housewives grow seedlings, you can also germinate indoor flower seeds.
Of course, it is necessary to take into account the peculiarities of plants, because everyone has different germination periods, and if you plant flower seeds that germinate very quickly in February, then young sprouts may not have enough light for development.
And, on the contrary, if in the spring you plant the same Jasmine Gardenia, which develops for a long time in the state of a seedling, then until next winter the flower will not yet get stronger and may start to hurt.
Based on the timing of germination, I would divide all the seeds of indoor flowers into several groups.
From 2 to 10 days you will wait for seedlings of pelargonium, lemon callistemon, hibiscus, etc. The same applies to cactus. Also in this group are balsams, magnificent gloriosa, cyperus, lithops. Therefore, novice growers should start with these plants.
Streptocarpus, jasmine gardenia, begonia will germinate for two weeks.
And sprouts of a palm tree and other woody plants can appear from seeds in a month, but even a sprout that has appeared develops for a long time.
Preparing seeds for planting
Some seeds can be taken directly from the bag and sown. Now they even produce specially processed seed material. But there are seeds that need to be prepared. This is usually written in the instructions on the bag.
The most common type of seed preparation for planting - preliminary soaking in a humid environment. You need to take a cloth napkin, moisten it well with water (you can add a little potassium permanganate to the water) and spread the seeds on it. Cover them from above with the second edge of the napkin and plastic wrap. When sprouts appear, the seeds can be planted. You can also try to germinate seeds that have expired. Some are quite successfully reanimated.
Palm or asparagus seeds need to be soaked for about 5-6 days. And citrus fruits are best planted fresh. For example, if you ate a fruit, plant the seed in the ground without drying it out.
Where and how to sow seeds
To germinate seeds, you need to take light, but nutritious soil. A mixture of peat and coarse sand is best. You can buy a special seedling mixture that is sold in specialized stores.
The container must first be taken wide enough (so that several seeds fit at a distance of 5-6 cm from each other) and shallow (so as not to pour excess soil).
The planting depth depends on the size of the seeds. The shallower, the less it needs to be buried in the ground. And the smallest (for example, gloxinia seeds) can simply be spread over the ground and sprinkled well with water or lightly sprinkled with earth with a layer of 1-2 mm. Large seeds need to be buried 1-1.5 cm.
Before spreading the seeds, the soil mixture must be well watered. If this is done after sowing, the seeds may float and settle erratically.
After planting, you need to arrange a greenhouse for the seeds. For example, I sow the material in regular resealable food containers, close the lid - and this is how the greenhouse turns out. But other boxes or flowerpots can simply be covered with a plastic bag.
We are waiting for the shoots of indoor flowers
Until the seeds germinate and the first shoots appear, the soil cannot be watered, you can only spray abundantly. Sometimes you can arrange ventilation and remove excess condensation (drops of evaporated moisture) from the lid or bag.
When the sprouts become more than 5mm, remove the lid or bag. Now you need to gradually accustom the sprouts to light, placing them closer to the sun, first for a while, and then constantly, from time to time turning the containers so that one or the other side of the sprout is turned toward the light.
The sprouts that have grown up to 5 cm can be dived, although it is best to dive 2-3 times. You will need a separate pot for each sprout. Take a regular plastic cup or cut plastic bottle first, and then gradually increase the size of the container. But even a well-stretched sprout should not be planted in a permanent large pot, its size should increase as the seedling grows. The next transplant can be done in six months, and some flowers grow well in small pots and need to be transplanted only once a year with a gradual increase in the volume of the flowerpot.
how to grow an indoor flower from seeds
Indoor plants from seeds
Houseplants come to us mainly from flower shops and markets. Sometimes we take a stalk of a plant we like from our friends or acquaintances and grow it for ourselves. But perhaps not everyone knows that beautiful indoor flowers can be grown from seeds, and in this article I will tell you about my experience of seed propagation of some indoor plants.
The first plant that I have grown from seeds is cyclamen. Translated from Latin, “cyclamen” means “round”, apparently because this flower forms round tubers in the ground. At home, cyclamen reproduces both by dividing the underground part and by seeds that can be sown all year round.
To get seedlings, you need to keep the temperature in the room between 18-20 ⁰C, but even in such conditions, the seeds germinate for a very long time. Cyclamen seedlings also develop slowly. In my case, the seeds germinated unevenly for one and a half to two months, and then the seedlings began to grow nodules in the ground, so the development of the terrestrial part of the cyclamen slowed down greatly.
In addition, the formation of leaf mass was significantly slowed down by the heat, and only with the onset of coolness, cyclamen plants began to more actively release new leaves. I sowed the Persian mixture. There were only five seeds in the pack, of which four germinated.
I have known this type of asparagus since childhood. It can still be seen on window sills in kindergartens, schools and hospitals. This is an ampelous plant, the length of the stems of which can reach three or more meters. There were eight seeds in a pack, and I did everything as written in the instructions: first I soaked the seeds for two days, and then sowed 2 swollen seeds in small cups.
Shoots appeared in two weeks. Today, these plants are about three months old, and they can already be planted in larger pots.
I am very careful about this plant, because out of the four purchased packs of seeds of different colors, only one plant sprouted, and this upset me very much. In principle, sowing balsam is no different from sowing petunia, it is relatively easy to grow, but high-quality and fresh seeds are needed. I have grown a light pink balsam, and now I am really looking forward to the first flowering, to make sure if the plant matches the variety indicated on the bag.
They reproduce successfully by seeds and pelargoniums. I have already told you how to sow them and then how to care for young plants. The first time I sowed only two varieties - Night Rose and Eve. They matched the bag photos and bloomed beautifully all summer. Now I cut them off and put them on a cool veranda for winter rest. And in the summer, at the end of June, I sowed a few more varieties: Yarku, Night Scarlett, Night Salmon and Alena. And they have already grown considerably.
Growing houseplants from seeds is a fun and exciting experience, provided you have purchased quality seed material. I wish you success in this endeavor.
- Indoor Plants Information
Schisandra chinensis - planting and care
Chinese schisandra is one of those garden plants that combine two main qualities, so any practically every soldier of the multimillion army of summer residents. This garden shrub is not only beautiful, but also useful, and vice versa - not only useful, but also beautiful. Each will prioritize as they wish.
About lemongrass chinese
Although this plant is called "Chinese", it is more correct to call it "Far East". After all, from time immemorial I have grown it both in Japan and Korea, and in China, of course. It was from there that he came to us. More recently, lemongrass in our gardens was a rarity and a wonder. And as legends about its medicinal properties were told no less than about the properties of ginseng! Fortunately, most of these "legends" turned out to be, if not one hundred percent true, then very close to it. Almost all parts of lemongrass are useful. Berries, leaves, shoots, and even bark are also used. First of all, it is famous for its tonic properties. Any drink made on the basis of lemongrass will give strength, sharpen attention, relieve fatigue and drowsiness. Oriental doctors have long been using various drugs from lemongrass to combat exhaustion, depression, and overwork. In short, for lovers of "practical beauty" on the site, this is the most suitable plant.
But Chinese lemongrass is not good for healing alone. Its decorativeness is beyond praise. In fact, lemongrass is a liana that can serve as a hedge, and an element of a gazebo, and simply as a decoration for a corner of any yard or garden plot. Moreover, it looks great at all stages of growth. Early on, abundant green foliage on graceful stems. During the period, albeit short, flowering - beautiful white flowers on a green background. And already during the period of fruiting and ripening of berries, the appearance of bright red fruits on a lemon-yellow background of foliage is striking in its beauty.
General description of the shrub
Such famous goji berries have a real, quite common botanical name - dereza. The genus Dereza is part of the Solanaceae family, which also includes many well-known garden crops: tomatoes, potatoes, peppers, physalis. There are two main types of wolfberry or goji berry: Chinese and common.
Chinese Dereza originates from Tibet, which is currently an autonomous region of China. There it grows in the rather harsh conditions of the Tibetan Plateau.
If you pronounce the word "dereza" in Chinese, then the result will be something most consonant with the word "goji". This is where the now popular name of this plant comes from. Further in the article, it will be possible not only to find a description of the goji berry shrub, but also to find out the features of planting and caring for it.
Another species - common wolfberry, in terms of its properties, is actually not much inferior to its Chinese sister. But it has a much wider area of distribution. It is ubiquitous throughout China, and in other countries of Southeast Asia, as well as in Central Asia, Ukraine, Primorye, and the Caucasus.
Dereza is a fairly tall shrub that can grow up to 3-3.5 m in height. The branches grow straight at first, but hang very quickly. On the shoots of tree thorns, the leaves are small, elongated longitudinally. On the upper side, the foliage has a light green color, on the back side - a bluish tint. Leaves fall off for the winter.
Goji berry plants have a strong root system that can grow over considerable distances and form many root suckers. Therefore, in the southern regions, dereza, it is also a goji berry, is considered a malicious weed if it enters the territory of the garden. The crown can also grow well in width, forming over time thickets up to 5 m in diameter.
Goji berry has many related folk names: Tibetan barberry, red medlar, Chinese wolfberry, and even wolfberry. All these names appeared, most likely, due to the shape and color of the berries. They really slightly resemble barberry berries, oval-oblong in shape and most often coral in color. Although the shades of different varieties may differ. In length, the largest berries can reach 12-14 mm. As a rule, they surround the shoots in whole placers.
Depending on the variety and climatic conditions of the region, goji berries ripen from May to October. In China, during this time, they manage to collect as many as 13 crops. True, the most valuable berries ripen in August-September.
How goji blooms
The goji berry shrub is able to bloom in favorable conditions as early as May and the flowering period lasts until October.However, in the middle lane, flowering usually begins no earlier than June. Instead of wilted flowers, berries soon form, but new and new buds form on the shoots at the same time.
Goji berry flowers are small (1-2 cm in diameter), planted singly or 2-5 at once in the leaf axils. Their colors are violet-purple, the shape resembles a wide open bell or an asterisk. The flowers are characterized by a delicate pleasant aroma. Bees like to visit them, collecting pollen and nectar.
The use of goji in landscape design
Goji berry plants, of course, look cute in the garden, but they are hardly decorative enough to attract everyone's attention. They will look good in a hedge that encloses the site, or serves as a division of the garden into zones.
However, with the help of regular haircuts, professional gardeners even manage to grow and form standard trees from plants, which look very elegant even as tapeworms.
By using the dangling form of the shoots, goji berries can be grown in the form of a ligneous liana, in the manner of grapes. In this case, when planting, plants should be provided with a stable support and periodically tied shoots to it. It is also important to trim them correctly, giving them the correct growth direction.
Due to its strong root system, goji berry plants are good to grow to strengthen slopes, if any, in the garden. But do not plant them near the garden, so that later you do not have to deal with abundant root shoots.
Buy seeds or choose from berries?
- Sowing material can be purchased at specialized stores. Better to buy seeds with an expiration date. In addition, for the purpose of insurance, you can purchase several varieties from different companies.
- You can propagate small-fruited garden strawberries on your own. To do this, take overripe berries, cut off and discard their nose and upper part, since in these places the seeds are of poor quality. The rest of the fruit is crushed and poured with warm water. The pulp floats to the surface, it is poured with water. Strawberry seeds remain at the bottom. They are dried on a napkin and then wrapped in a paper bag.
Advice! You can also get seeds from frozen fruits, but you need to use them right away.
After the 90 day period, the next step is to plant the seeds. To facilitate this work and prevent root damage, it is necessary to fill the peat pots with planting mixture.
Then place the seeds in a container and pour over 1⁄4 of the potting mixture. Water well and place on a sunny windowsill. If you decide to take your seeds outside, make sure that they not only get enough sunlight, but are also protected from the wind.
Monitor soil moisture. If the soil dries out, the seeds may die.
As soon as the sprout reaches 30-40 cm in height, it is time to transplant it.
Seed replenishment and hardening
After such processing seeds are soaked in one of the nutrient solutions:
- a teaspoon of wood ash is diluted in 1 liter of water,
- in 1 liter of water, dilute a teaspoon (at the level of the edges) nitrophoska or nitroammophoska
- 1/2 tablet of a microelement is diluted in 1 liter of water,
- teaspoon of sodium humate powder is diluted in 1 liter of water.
The seeds in bags are immersed in any of the solutions for 12 hours, after which, without washing, they are placed in clean water for 24 hours. This procedure is especially necessary for large tomato seeds. To keep the water and nutrient solution at a temperature of 24–25 ° C, place them in a warm place. Then the seeds must be hardened... To do this, they are placed in a refrigerator (in the middle, where the temperature is plus 1-2 ° C) and left for 1-2 days, occasionally sprinkling with clean water so that the fabric bags do not dry out. After cooling, the seeds are immediately sown into the soil, where they give quick, friendly shoots.
Features of growing large-fruited varieties of garden strawberries (strawberries)
Gardeners have successfully used the planting of strawberries with seeds for seedlings in the case of remontant, mustacheless varieties. For large-fruited varieties, growing from seeds is undesirable. Despite the similar technology of growing from seeds, the resulting plants do not inherit valuable maternal traits. In the first year of cultivation, the berries are similar to the described variety, but in subsequent seasons the fruits become tasteless, small and dry. On average, only 1 in 1000 seeds carries the characteristics of the variety. Therefore, large-fruited varieties of garden strawberries are propagated vegetatively. Young seedlings or mustaches are purchased from a trusted seller, and then reproduction by mustaches or dividing the bush is carried out on their own plot.
New: Decorative Strawberry
Hybrids of ampelous strawberries from Holland, grown for decorative purposes, are presented on the Russian market varieties: 'Hasana', 'Tuscany', 'Laurent', 'Milan', 'Tristan'... These are potted and container plants. Technological methods of how to plant seeds of decorative strawberries are similar to the methods of growing alpine varieties of strawberries. Ornamental strawberry seedlings quickly turn into a compact shrub with an early flowering period. The main advantage of decorative varieties is crimson, pink or scarlet flowers... Berries without a pronounced taste, instead of a dense pulp, have a watery structure. It is the decorative properties that are fully reproduced when growing plants from professional seeds.
ON THE PICTURE: The flowers of the decorative hybrid strawberry are impressive with their shades of pink, which are sometimes as "flashy" as in the photo (variety '' Lipstick ').
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