Growing Phlox Drummond - Phlox drummondii

Growing Phlox Drummond - Phlox drummondii

They say that even the light flies to the constellation closest to the Earth for several years. But do not believe the scientists - there is a constellation that itself can come to you. This is a flower. And his name is Drummond Phlox. It is a small plant with a maximum height of 40 cm. But what flowers! ... They really look like stars.

Phlox Drummond (Phlox drummondii) - family member Cyanotic (Polemoniacea)... His homeland is the south of the United States, the territory of the state of Texas. At home, it is a perennial plant, but in our area the cold winter does not allow growing it for longer than one season. Nevertheless, with us this flower has taken root perfectly as an annual.


It is a herbaceous plant up to 40 cm high, rather compact, highly branching. The flowers are 1.5-2.5 cm in diameter, collected in corymbose inflorescences, reaching 12-15 cm in diameter. The color is from white to dark red, monochromatic or variegated. Blooms profusely from late June to October. After the flowering of individual flowers, the decorativeness of plants decreases slightly.

It is a light-loving and thermophilic plant, but tolerates slight frosts. In autumn, only flowers are damaged from the first frost, while plants remain green and bloom again when warming. It grows well in all climatic zones of our country.

Drummond's phlox grows and blooms especially well on fertilized loamy and sandy loam soils. However, you should not feed this phlox with fresh manure, since the plant develops a vegetative mass and does not bloom. It is better to feed with well-rotted and fermented manure and mineral (primarily phosphorus) fertilizers.

Does not tolerate stagnant water, and with a lack of moisture it branches poorly and blooms early, but inflorescences form low-flowered and blooms for a short time. In the shade it is very elongated, weakly branches, blooms late and blooms poorly. For better tillering, it is recommended to pinch over the fourth or fifth pair of leaves.

Drummond's phlox is propagated by seeds, sowing them in boxes in March-April. Seedlings are thinned out, leaving 15-20 cm between the plants. Seedlings dive three at a time into pots or cubes with a diameter of 9 cm, less often into greenhouses. They are planted in open ground at the end of May at a distance of 20-30 cm from each other.

Flowering begins on average eight weeks after sowing and continues until frost. Seeds can be harvested by yourself, collecting yellowed fruit-boxes and covering them with paper.

This phlox is used for planting in massifs, on flower beds, rabatkas, in curbs, groups, on balconies, less often for cutting.

Agree, this is perhaps one of the most beautiful flowers in our garden! And at the same time, it is very unpretentious and easy to grow, believe my experience. No wonder he in one of the competitions got into the top five in the nomination "the easiest annuals to grow". Good luck with your gardening business!

Read about phlox:
• Phlox, care and varieties
• What type of phlox to choose and how to get them in your garden
• Interesting flower arrangements for the garden with phlox
• Beautiful flower arrangement in a garden dominated by phlox
• Exhibition of phlox, interesting varieties

N. Usov, biologist


Growing seedlings and planting Drummond phlox

Phlox can be grown in traditional ways: seedling and sowing seeds in open ground. When growing seedlings, phloxes begin to bloom in early June, and when growing by sowing seeds in open ground - a month later, in July.

Annual phlox can be grown by seedlings, or by direct sowing into the ground. These flowers were grown in seedlings. Photo: O. Ravilova

Have you decided to grow phlox seedlings? Then prepare a flat dish and sow the seeds for International Women's Day in March. Planting seeds is normal - it can be in the grooves, or in the nests, several pieces at a time. Seedling care is normal, no frills.

The main secret of growing Drummond phlox lies in preparing seedlings for planting in open ground. To make the phlox bush lush, you need to pinch the top of the seedling when the plant has real leaves.

Drummond phlox seeds are shallow - don't bury them too deep. It is enough to lightly sprinkle with soil and water well - that's the whole planting. The first shoots appear in

When sowing seeds in open ground, it is recommended to cover the soil with a covering material so as not to run around with a watering can in vain. In May, and without phlox, there are enough worries.

By the way, Drummond's phloxes reproduce well by self-sowing, which means that seeds can be sown before winter. Experts say that Drummond's winter phloxes are much stronger than spring ones, therefore they sow seeds in the fall, when the last leaf falls from the cherry, according to the sign: "Until the leaf from the cherry trees fell, no matter how much snow falls, the thaw will rot it and the sled path will not be established.".

After sowing winter phlox, cover the area with non-woven material or sprinkle with dry earth so that the seedlings do not vomit. Winter phlox flowers bloom at the end of May.

After planting in open ground, two weeks later, it is recommended to feed Drummond phloxes with complex fertilizers for flowers, the main thing is that they contain nitrogen.

Phloxes are unpretentious, but nobody canceled weeding and loosening of the soil. Phloxes will be grateful to you for loosening the soil after rains and watering. In addition, good ventilation in the root zone will save your phloxes from root rot and other fungal diseases.


Planting and caring for annual phlox

How to plant annual phlox

The cultivation of such plants from seeds is discussed above. However, there are gardeners who are afraid of night frosts in spring, which can destroy the plant, so they prefer to grow seedlings at home. Seeds are sown at the beginning of the spring period (in March). The first shoots can be seen only 7 days after sowing. Young plants need to be provided with a sufficient amount of light, watering, and also a moderate temperature regime. After 14-21 days after the emergence of seedlings, the plants must be dived. After the pick is made, it is recommended to shade phloxes from the direct rays of the sun for several days. They can be covered with newspaper sheets or opaque film. While the seedlings are growing in the house, you can apply mineral fertilizers 2 or 3 times to the soil, while you should use ½ part of the dose recommended for adult phlox. To make the bush more lush, after 4 or 5 real leaves appear on it, they pinch.

Seedlings are planted in May, while a distance of 15 to 20 centimeters is left between the bushes. To successfully grow phlox, you need to find a suitable place. Annual phloxes are not afraid of cold and drought, they love light, but they react negatively to overheating of the roots. The most spectacular plants grow in partial shade. It is noticed that the more the area is shaded, the longer this plant will bloom, but at the same time fewer flowers will grow on it. It should be noted that most varieties fade in the sun during the flowering period. But this does not threaten plants in partial shade. The color of their flowers remains saturated for a long time. Particularly beautiful are the "blue" varieties growing in a shaded place, the flowers of which, in poor light, become almost blue. For planting phlox, it is recommended to use high beds, next to which there are no shrubs or trees with a rather branched root system.

Such a plant needs soil, which contains a lot of humus. It should be noted that the plant may die in heavy soil with poor drainage. If you have chosen an area with acidified soil for planting, then lime must be added to it. The most suitable for growing such flowers is fertile sand, which does not contain clay. If the plants planted in it are well watered, they will grow powerful and beautiful. Before planting phloxes in heavy loam, organic fertilizers, sand, and peat must be added to it. Prepare a not very deep hole for the plant and be sure to add compost, vermicompost or 2 handfuls of wood ash into it. The roots should be spread horizontally.

Caring for annual phlox

Growing phlox annuals will not be difficult. So, they need to carefully loosen the top layer of the soil 6–8 times per season, in the second half of the period of intensive growth it is necessary to spud the plant while loosening it, for better and faster formation of the root system. Organic and mineral fertilizers should also be applied to the soil. In the last days of May, it is necessary to feed the phlox with liquid manure for the first time (25 g of the substance is taken for 10 liters of water). The second feeding is carried out in the first days of June, but at the same time superphosphate or potassium salt must be added to the finished liquid manure. In the first days of July, liquid manure (without additives) should be applied to the soil for the third time. In the last days of July, the plant should be fed 4 times, while the fertilizer should contain potassium salt and phosphorus.

How to water properly

Plants should be provided with systematic moderate watering in the morning or evening. When watering, water should be poured at the root, while 15–20 liters of water should be used per 1 square meter. Watering phloxes with cold water on a hot day can lead to cracking of their shoots. It is recommended to pick off wilted flowers, because they are a hindrance to those that have not yet blossomed.

Diseases

Phloxes can get variegated. In this case, a pattern unusual for this plant appears on the surface of the leaves and flowers, which significantly impairs the decorative qualities of the flower. It is impossible to cure a diseased plant, so it must be dug up and destroyed. If phloxes become infected with powdery mildew, then they will also need to be destroyed. You can understand that the flower is sick by the matte white bloom that has appeared on the foliage and shoots.

Such a plant can also get sick with formosis, in this case the leaves dry out, and the stems become fragile. For preventive purposes, it is necessary to process foliage and shoots with colloidal sulfur. It should be borne in mind that during processing, the air temperature should be above 18 degrees, and the substance should not be allowed to get on the inflorescences. When infected with septoria, dots of dark brown color are formed on the surface of the foliage. With the development of the disease, they increase in size. A diseased plant must be treated with Bordeaux liquid, as well as the surface of the soil near it. After half a month, re-processing is carried out. Verticillium wilt has a detrimental effect on the root system of the plant, but only those phloxes that grow on acidic soil are susceptible to such a disease.

Pests

A nematode (a very small filamentous worm) can settle on the plant, which sucks the juice out of it. A sign that there is such a pest on phlox is disfigured inflorescences, crushed flowers and thinned shoots. The infected plant is dug up and destroyed (burned). The soil must be treated 3 times with nematicides, while maintaining an interval between treatments of 3 weeks.

Naked slugs at night can eat leaves, flowers, and even the lower part of the shoots. Systematic loosening and weeding is an excellent prophylaxis against slugs. In case of severe infection, it is recommended to sprinkle the surface of the soil with wood ash, fluff lime or tobacco dust mixed with ash. Butterfly caterpillars on the foliage can be removed manually. In case of severe infection, plants are treated from leaf-eating pests.


Growing features

Phlox Drummond is photophilous. For lush and prolonged flowering, he needs good lighting. The flowers do not fade in the sun, in the shade the plants become loose and hardly bloom. It blooms better and longer with regular feeding - complex fertilization once every 3-4 weeks. The introduction of fresh organic matter is undesirable: from an excess of nitrogen, the shoots stretch out and the plants stop blooming. To extend the flowering period, do not forget to remove wilted inflorescences in time (with the exception of self-cleaning varieties). It does not tolerate overheating of the root system, therefore, when grown in containers, pots, they use "pot-in-pot" systems, light containers. Adding lime to the soil is beneficial.


Phlox Drummond is best planted in light containers and pot-in-pot.

It is relatively drought-resistant, needs watering during the period without rain (but in moderation, do not overflow!), Otherwise the flowering becomes scarce. Poorly tolerates the high humidity of the surface air layer of the Russian subtropics of the Black Sea coast of the Krasnodar Territory with an increased background of pathogenic microorganisms, where it soon dies from bacterial and viral diseases. But there is a way out of this situation - to grow Drummond phlox in containers fixed at a height of 40-50 cm from the ground. Resistant to late spring frosts.

And Drummond phlox seeds can be found in our catalog, which contains the offers of many large garden online stores. Select Drummond Phlox Seeds.


5 best annuals that can be sown directly into the soil

The only annual species of phlox is often underestimated. Despite the fact that this plant is characterized by an equally rich palette of shades of candy pink, Drummond's phlox has a completely different character than the best perennial bush phloxes.

Phlox drummondii

This charming, abundantly flowering summer with bright greenery came to us from the USA, where it is very common on sandy soils.

Phlox Drummond is a herbaceous annual, the maximum height of which is limited to 50 cm. Strongly branching, thin, erect shoots surprise with their sticky pubescence. Sessile opposite leaves at the top of the shoots are replaced by almost triangular alternate-petiolate upper ones.

The bright color of the greenery is emphasized by the velvety edge. Drummond phlox blooms seem both similar and different from perennial relatives. Fragrant monochromatic or with a colored eye, simple flowers up to 2.5-3 cm in diameter are collected in dense and large shields at the ends of the shoots.

Drummond phlox bloom period: from June to September.

Color spectrum: white, pink, red, purple, sometimes in two-tone variations.

The use of Drummond phlox: for borders and front edges of flower beds, along paths, in groups or mixborders.

Sowing of Drummond phloxes is carried out in early May. Plant shoots appear very quickly - in just 5-7 days.

Lighting: bright (in shading, even light, it loses its compactness and abundant color).

Drummond phlox soil: nutritious, without fresh manure, loose and light soils with a lime reaction.

Drummond phlox seeds are usually sown in shallow (up to 1 cm) grooves with abundant pre-irrigation. The seeds are not scattered, but are laid out in 2-3 seeds with a distance of 15 cm. The seeds are covered with soil carefully and do not compact the soil. Covering with non-woven fabrics helps to retain moisture and improve germination.

After the emergence of shoots, the excess plants are immediately plucked out, leaving 1 plant at a distance of 15 cm. The first loosening of the soil is best done as early as possible and nitrogen fertilizing is added at the stage of the appearance of the first leaves to stimulate plant growth.

Caring for Drummond's phlox comes down to watering in drought (despite its drought tolerance, this summer can stop flowering in a very severe drought). At the stage of bud setting, you can additionally feed phloxes with complex fertilizers. On poor soils, top dressing is repeated up to 3 times per season.

For a continuation of the list of the best summer plants that can be sown directly into the soil, see the next page.


Phlox (Latin Phlox) is a genus of herbaceous plants from the cyanide family (Polemoniaceae), which includes about seventy species, of which about forty are cultivated. Phlox appeared in Europe in the middle of the 18th century, since then breeders have bred about 1500 varieties of beautiful and fragrant flowers. In Greek phlox means flame. This name was given to the plant by Karl Linnaeus in 1737 for the very bright flowers of some species. The homeland of phlox is North America, the harsh climate of which made the plants unpretentious and tenacious. In addition, phlox are very fragrant and bloom for a long time. Phloxes are diverse even within one species: their "appearance" changes depending on the climate in which they grow. For example, at an altitude of 4000 meters, they are bryophyte and stunted, their stems branch out and are covered with evergreen leaves, and the plant height is from 5 cm to 25 cm.In more favorable conditions, phloxes are erect bushes with a height of 30 cm to 180 cm. and shrubs. By the time of flowering, they are spring (early), summer (medium) and summer-autumn (late). The culture is dominated by species and varieties of upright phlox. Their leaves are sessile, opposite, entire, oval-lanceolate or oblong-ovate. Phlox flowers are from 2.5 cm to 4 cm in diameter, have a tubular-funnel-shaped shape and are collected in complex inflorescences up to 90 pieces each. The flowers have five folded petals, five stamens and one pistil. Phlox fruit is an oval box. All cultivated phloxes are perennials, and only the Drummond phlox (Phlox drummondii) and its many varieties are annuals. Phlox are annual. Phlox Drummond is one of the best annuals among garden flowers. Discovered in Texas and brought to England in 1835 by the English traveler, naturalist and theologian Henry Drummond. In England, the flower has taken root. Drummond's phlox blooms from June until frost. Its leaves are oval-lanceolate, opposite. Thin branched stem 12 cm to 30 cm tall. Fragrant flowers of purple, dark red, white, yellow, salmon flowers. Phlox Drummond is presented in two varieties: star-shaped and large-flowered. Drummond's phlox star (Phlox drummondii cuspidata) usually reaches 30-40 cm in height, although dwarf forms are also known - up to 12 cm. The petals of its bright flowers are beautifully dissected, and the flowers look like a star with an eye. Phlox drummondii mixed grows up to 30cm in height. He has large flowers of various colors, but the red shades are especially attractive. Some growers divide annual phlox according to their size into large-flowered and dwarf (15-20 cm tall). Large-flowered varieties include High White, High Fire Red, and High Bright Red. Compact low varieties (dwarf) represent the Snow Globe (white), Shamoa (pink), Isabella (yellow), Salmona (salmon), Defiance (fiery red). Both large-flowered species, and stellate, and dwarf species have double and semi-double varieties. Popular are varieties of terry phlox Promis in different shades. Perennial phlox. Among perennial varieties of phlox, the subulate phlox blooms earlier than anyone else (in May). Its densely branching stems are so abundantly covered with flowers of different shades from snow-white to dark red that you cannot see the narrow, awl-shaped leaves, for which it got its name. This variety of phlox is planted in rockeries and on alpine hills. The splayed phlox also blooms in May, one to two weeks later. Its small bushes with delicate lilac-blue flowers look very elegant. This species is not as light-loving as subulate phlox, has lignified stems, larger, but less dense leaves. Perennial phlox is also a species such as paniculate phlox, which blooms in mid-summer. This is exactly the phlox that we all know very well: huge fragrant flower caps, beautiful green leaves. Panicled phlox is the ancestor of many exquisite varieties, including Pure Feelings terry phlox (large inflorescences of white flowers with a green stripe in the center, below - elongated, twisted purple petals, plant height - 70-80 cm) and Terry phlox Natural Feelings (very small white-green-pink flowers, inflorescences resemble a lilac branch). The selection resulted in such winter-hardy varieties as Orange Perfection, Orange Spat, of orange-red shades that do not fade in the sun. They are easy to breed, easy to care for, and incredibly beautiful. But oddly enough, the most popular among flower growers is phlox King up to 1 m high with flowers up to 4 cm in diameter in raspberry, pink, lilac, white and other colors. Below you can watch a video about phlox flowers

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