The area around the garden trees is often unused. But you can plant there plants that feel great in the shade and give a good harvest - it can be greens, vegetables or berries.
Strawberry or strawberry
Strawberries and small-fruited strawberries are considered shade-tolerant and unpretentious crops. Renovation varieties will also feel great under trees. They have time to ripen even without direct sunlight, of course, provided that a sufficient amount of dressing is made and timely watering.
Berry bushes need a lot of space for proper development. The exception is low-growing raspberry species, which have time to ripen in the vicinity of trees and give a good harvest. At the same time, it is important to take proper care of the plant - regularly cut and monitor the shoots.
Garlic has the ability to repel harmful insects, so its neighborhood for fruit and berry crops will be very useful.It does not suffer from bright sunlight. In the shade, moisture saturates its roots better, and this is one of the main conditions for a good harvest.
This first spring vegetable loves moisture, but it doesn't really need sunlight. In the bright sun, the radish overheats and withers. In the shade, on the contrary, it develops well and gives a decent harvest. The taste qualities of the radish do not suffer from the fact that it grows in shade - on the contrary, the heads turn out to be more juicy.
Pumpkin plants require a lot of feeding, and being in the tree trunk circle, they receive a lot of humus. At the same time, the pumpkin root system does not go deep into the ground and they do not interfere with the large roots of fruit crops.
By planting a few squash seeds under the tree, you can provide your family with these vegetables for the entire season. Zucchini does not need a lot of space and light to develop. They grow well in near-stem circles, as they like moisture and warmth. In a shady place, vegetables grow more juicy and with fewer seeds. You can choose both creeping varieties and bush varieties for planting under a tree. The root system of these plants is not long, so they will not compete with trees.
Broccoli, like cauliflower, can grow in low light conditions. Excessive sun even harms it - strong illumination can cause shooting. Broccoli forms tasty and juicy heads in partial shade. A few hours of sun a day is enough for her.
Spinach does not like extreme heat, in this case it quickly outgrows and goes into the arrow. This is one of the reasons to plant the plant in partial shade.
One of the most unassuming and useful green plants that grows well even in deep shade. Sorrel feels comfortable and gives juicy greens in areas with any degree of illumination. Plants developing without a bright sun, for example, in the trunks of large trees, will have leaves that are not large, but juicy and tender.
Dill grows well in tree trunks. It is unpretentious, gives greens early, and also protects trees from pests.
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What can you plant under the sink?
What to plant in the near-trunk circle of fruit trees and shrubs? It can be planting of herbs and some vegetables, as well as flowers.
What is a trunk circle? This is an area of soil under a tree, the diameter of which is approximately equal to the diameter of the crown. For young trees and shrubs, it is recommended to protect this area from harmful weeds, which take moisture and nutrients necessary for a young tree from the soil.
You can plant herbs, some vegetables and flowers.
What herbs can be planted in trunk circles
These are dill, coriander, parsley, lemon balm, thyme, mint, oregano. These herbs attract beneficial pollinating insects and repel pests.
Coriander is especially useful - it scares away spider mites, thrips, sawflies and apple moths. For more information on herbs, see the article Herbs in the Garden: 11 Best Herbs for Growing in the Garden and Vegetable Garden
These are onions, garlic, strawberries and tomatoes. It is better to choose small, low-growing tomatoes and plant them under the apple tree in the sunny side of the circle.
These plants are just as good at repelling pests, especially aphids and sawflies.
It is good to plant tomatoes near gooseberries, they will scare away moths from it, and currants to scare off aphids. And garlic and onions planted near the currants will scare away the kidney mite.
It is very important: plant the crops that you plan to eat only if you do not treat trees and shrubs with chemicals, but only use biological methods of pest control and spraying with plant infusions - insecticides.
What plants can not be planted under trees and shrubs
All of the above plants grow well and have a beneficial effect on apple trees. But under cherries, the assortment of suitable plants is less, since some of them carry the pathogens of cherry and sweet cherry Verticillium wilt.
Do not plant tomatoes and strawberries under cherries.
Only spicy herbs can be planted under plum and cherry plum.
It is not advisable to plant peppers, eggplants and tobacco under any fruit trees.
What flowers can be planted in the trunk circle
The range of suitable colors also depends on which tree or next to which shrubs you will plant them. The greatest number of different types of flowers can be planted under apple and cherry trees.
A good option for any fruit trees and berry bushes would be calendula, marigolds, or nasturtium. These annuals will not only not interfere with the roots, but will also disinfect the soil and attract worms.
What else can you plant in the apple tree trunk circle
These are various ground cover plants that also bloom beautifully: thyme, tenacious, veronica, periwinkle.
You can plant a variety of small-bulbous plants that will bloom beautifully in spring: crocuses, chionodoxes, as well as spring-flowering primroses and redwoods.
Nasturtiums, marigolds, pansies will grow remarkably. In the near-trunk circle of mature apple trees with a dense crown, you can plant such shade-loving polywoods as hosta, brunner, heuchera.
What to plant under cherries
These are those perennial plants and flowers that do not require a lot of moisture: primroses, lilies of the valley, bells, shade-loving astilbe and some ferns. Under the cherry, ground cover plants grow well, the same as under the apple tree, as well as budra, zelenchuk and hoof.
What to plant under cherry plum and plum
Only marigolds and nasturtiums can be planted under these trees.
For more information on what flowers can be planted under the fruit trees, as well as how to properly care for flower beds in the near-stem circles, see the article Flower bed in the near-stem circle: what flowers to plant under the trees.
What can be planted under a tree
Whoever feels good under a tree is not an idle question ... Fruit (and not only) trees in summer cottages will surely give rise to problems over time. Mature, developed crowns - this is a lot of shade, active roots - this is a strong drainage of the soil, and all together - this is a considerable loss of the area of the site.
So the question arises for the owners of summer cottages: what can be planted under the trees in order to make the most of the land, and besides, give the plot a decorative "zest"?
The shadow under the tree
What is the climate under the crown
There is such a tricky, at first glance, characteristic - "the climate of the near-trunk region of the under-crown region." Simply put, different trees under their canopy create different conditions. And in order to choose the plants that you will "plant" the indigenous fruit inhabitants of the site, it is important to know about these features. Here are some examples:
The apple tree gives a diffused shadow which serves as an excellent natural protection from direct sunlight, leaving enough light for plants to develop.
Spruce gives a wide, very dense shade. In addition, its crown practically does not allow rainwater to reach the near-trunk part (that is, it is dark and dry there!). And coniferous litter will also acidify the soil.
The pine tree practically does not shade the area under its canopy, but its fallen needles also noticeably acidify the soil.
The bird cherry gives a short, thin shadow, but it dries the soil a lot.
Useful Uses of Trunk Circles
Depending on the plans, the area of the site, its general style, as well as the taste preferences of the owners, the trunks can be covered with flowers, planted with flowers, or used as vegetable beds.
The easiest (and, by the way, quite convenient and cheap) way is to sod the soil around the tree. What about?
Nice and profitable.
In addition, the correct laying of the near-stem lawn and good care of it will bring simply a colossal effect:
The properties of the soil will improve
Its salinity will decrease
Trees will get rid of chlorosis
The quality of the fruit will improve
The soil will not dry out
Roots will be protected from damage during tillage
You will also get a great place to stay! Sitting on green grass in the shade on a hot day is just a delight!
Lawn under the trees
How to sow such a near-stem lawn?
The bright green, low grass, the common bent-borer looks very beautiful - juicy, "rich" and well-groomed.
White clover, fescue (red, sheep or meadow), meadow bluegrass and perennial ryegrass are well suited for turfing.
There is one "but" that you need to know: under the trees on clonal rootstocks, the soil is not tinned!
Decoration with flowers
Depending on the climate under the crown, which we talked about at the very beginning, different flowers will take root under each tree. First of all, you should take into account the shadow that the crown casts and the amount of moisture in the soil.
Examples of plants that can be planted under trees
Under the nut - fern, lilies of the valley, hosts, lemon balm, daffodils
Under the apple tree - crocuses, muscari, daisies, daffodils, forget-me-nots, bells, swimsuit, lumbago, lungwort, pansies, primroses, balsams, marigolds, nasturtium, daylilies and periwinkles. You can plant wild garlic - and at the end of spring there will already be a green salad on the table.
Under the pear - daisies, primroses, Carpathian bell, pintail phlox, mustache strawberries, marigolds
Under the plum - primroses, bulbous perennials, celandine
Under a pine tree - wild strawberries, milkweed, saxifrage, sedums, woodlands, snowdrops, undersized tulips and daffodils, blueberries and lingonberries are possible
Under the linden and oak - small-bulbous in spring, horned violet and anemone in summer - hoof, tiarella or periwinkle.
Under the birch - tenacious, tiarella, strawberry, if watered regularly - then badan, volzhanka, hosts and liliaceae
Looks beautiful under the Borvinok tree.
By the way, experienced gardeners recommend planting celandine under each fruit tree - as protection from aphids and ants. Worth trying)
Many summer residents sow parsley, cilantro, many types of salad, and garlic under the trees. Some people advise planting squash and pumpkins, cucumbers and even beets under the trees. Undoubtedly, with a small area of the site, this will be a good way out of "constrained circumstances", and if you show fiction, it will also be an original decoration.
But there are several problems that must be taken into account:
Pest and disease control in fruit trees may require the use of chemicals (eg fungicides). And under the tree are edible crops. Here, as when taking medications in medicine: "The use of the drug is possible only if the potential benefit ... exceeds the possible risk ..."
Solve: to take risks or not, breaking a garden under a tree is a private affair of every summer resident.
If the crops that we plant in the near-stem circle have a deep root system, then they are already competitors for trees! And here we have to think about how not to harm the tree.
Digging the soil under the near-trunk garden, you can damage the roots of the tree - then no one will get better from such plantings for sure.
More recently, at the mention of this plant, the owners of garden and garden plots sternly pursed their lips and angrily reduced their eyebrows to the bridge of the nose, because not everyone knows about weedy types of wormwood. Some of the varieties of this plant are very decorative and are often used in landscape design.
1 - Pursha's wormwood 2 - Steller's wormwood 3 - Louis's wormwood 4 - Schmidt's wormwood
Wormwood Pursha... Actively growing species with long pointed leaves. The height of Pursha wormwood can reach 60 cm, however, if you wish, you can always remove extra centimeters, because this plant tolerates pruning very well.
Steller's wormwood... Its decorative effect is expressed not only by the silvery color, but also by the openwork shape of the leaves. Comparatively low (20-30 cm) open shoots grow rapidly and lodge over time. Unlike most types of wormwood, it does not have a rich aroma. An excellent option for those who do not like wormwood because of its specific smell.
Wormwood Louis... This species can be called tall, because under favorable conditions, its compact bushes can grow up to 60-80 cm. This makes it possible to use Louis's wormwood to decorate the background. It lends itself well to forming, however, it has a pronounced wormwood aroma and therefore is not suitable for everyone.
Wormwood Schmidt... A compact plant with a height of 20-30 cm forms dense spherical bushes. The leaves of Schmidt's wormwood are composed of many filamentous lobes, which makes them even more graceful.
In addition to planting flowers and shrubs, the area under the trees can be used to create resting space and set up a gazebo. This is an especially good option in the case of planting conifers, which do not tolerate "neighbors from below", as well as other trees that create unfavorable conditions for basal vegetation.
The grass on the near-trunk lawn looks just fine
Sodding or tinning is the simplest, as well as the most beautiful and budgetary way to decorate a plot under a tree. With the correct laying of a near-stem lawn, you can not only create an excellent place for a gazebo, but also solve a set of other problems:
- improve the general condition of the soil
- reduce soil salinization
- rid trees of chlorosis
- improve the quality of fruits
- prevent the soil from drying out
- protect roots from damage during tillage
Low grass of a bright green hue looks especially good on the near-trunk lawn, for example, the bent grass. She looks very juicy and well-groomed. White clover, meadow clover, sheep or red fescue, meadow bluegrass and perennial ryegrass are also suitable.
Under natural conditions, mulch is continuously formed in the root zone of the tree. Mulch is a natural material that retains moisture and inhibits weed growth.
Mulching the trunk circle
An important criterion when choosing a material for mulching is the ability to pass air to the trunk, root collar, and also the roots of the tree. Also, mulch should not interfere with the release of hydrogen sulfide and carbon dioxide from the soil.
Mulching trees: different options
For mulching, you can use both organic and inorganic materials:
How to make a bed under a tree
It is advisable to lay a bed in the near-trunk circle immediately after planting the tree itself.The fact is that in many fruit crops, thin suction roots are located close to the surface along the entire perimeter of the crown. Therefore, digging onto a shovel bayonet can damage them and worsen the condition of the tree itself.
To avoid this, you need to immediately clear weeds and dig up the planned piece of land, fence it in, and apply fertilizers.
If the tree has been growing for a long time, and you have decided to plant vegetables only now, you first need to clear the weeds from the near-trunk circle. You cannot use a shovel or herbicides for this, all you have to do is neat weeding or the use of non-woven covering material.
The cleaned soil will need to be checked for the level of acidity (at elevated levels, add dolomite flour to the top layer of the soil at the rate of 0.5 kg per 1 square meter), apply seasonal fertilizers (30 g of urea, 25 g of superphosphate, 20 g of potassium sulfate per 1 sq. .m). After that, you can start planting, and it is advisable to mulch the seedlings with plant material (hay, mown grass, peat, etc.).
Do not make a ridge in the near-trunk circle with a radius of more than 80-90 cm, otherwise it will be inconvenient for you to care for it.
Plant the plants themselves at a distance of 15-20 cm from the trunk so that the root collar of the tree does not come into contact with the tops and is not shaded. Also, make sure that the mulching material does not cover the lower part of the trunk, as otherwise it can rot and the tree will suffer.