Zamioculcas: cultivation, reproduction and transplantation, types and photos

Zamioculcas: cultivation, reproduction and transplantation, types and photos

Houseplants Published: January 17, 2012 Reprinted: Last edits:

Botanical description

Zamioculcas (lat.Zamioculcas) lives in tropical regions of Africa, belongs to the Aroid family and has 1-4 species (depending on the source). The name comes from the similarity of the leaves of the zamioculcas with the leaves of the zamia, which grows in the American continent.
Zamioculcas is a low herbaceous plant. Rhizome - tuber, roots are fleshy and thick. Rachis is thick and juicy - the plant needs to store water. The feathers are dense, leathery to the touch. The leaf can grow up to 1 m in length. During prolonged drought, the zamioculcas sheds leaves from the upper part of the leaf, which allows the plant to reduce moisture evaporation, and from the bottom the petiole is designed to retain water for the plant. Also, moisture is stored in the underground tuber.
If the zamioculcas grows well, it can bloom in indoor conditions. A thick and short peduncle grows from the base of the leaves, on which a light cream ear is held - an inflorescence.

Briefly about growing

  • Bloom: grown as an ornamental deciduous plant.
  • Lighting: bright sunlight.
  • Temperature: in spring and summer - 22-25 ºC, in winter - about 16 ºC.
  • Watering: in spring and summer - as the top layer of soil in the pot dries up, from late autumn to spring, water the plant less often. With a cool winter, the substrate is moistened only after it has completely dried.
  • Air humidity: usual for living quarters, but in the heat you need to spray the leaves of the plant with warm water.
  • Top dressing: from mid-spring to early autumn, twice a month with fertilizers for cacti and succulents. In the rest of the year, no top dressing is applied.
  • Rest periodoya: from late autumn to early spring.
  • Transfer: in spring or summer, once every 2-4 years as needed.
  • Substrate: two parts of garden, garden and forest land are mixed with five parts of sand and a little charcoal is added.
  • Reproduction: dividing the rhizome, leafy cuttings.
  • Pests: aphids and scale insects.
  • Diseases: stem and root rot, dark spots on the leaves, stems too elongated, leaf fall.

Read more about the cultivation of zamiokulkas below.

Photo of zamiokulkas

Zamiokulkas care at home


Because home zamioculcas perfectly tolerates the sun's rays, the southern windows are the optimal place for it, although if there is a lack of fresh air in summer at noon, it is advisable for the plant to create diffused light. Grows well on light east and west windows. Just bought zamiokulkas to direct rays is taught slowly so that burns do not appear on the leaves. They do the same after long cloudy weather.


In the spring-autumn period, the air temperature should be kept around 22-25 ° C. In winter, the temperature is lowered to 16 ° C. The room with zamiokulkas needs to be ventilated from time to time.

Watering zamiokulkas

In spring, summer and autumn, zamioculcas are watered at home after the upper half of the soil in a pot has dried. From the end of autumn and in winter, watering is less frequent, and the intervals between waterings are increased. It is also watered during prolonged cloudy weather. If the temperature is below the recommended one, then watering is carried out after the substrate has completely dried. With prolonged drought, the upper part of the zamiokulkas leaves in room conditions can dry out. The water should be soft, before watering it should be allowed to stand for at least a day. Throughout the year, the water in the pot should not stagnate.


The home flower Zamiokulkas normally refers to dry air, so spraying is not necessary. But in hot summer weather, you can sometimes wipe the leaves with a wet cloth and even spray.


If the houseplant zamioculcas has developed well, it can bloom - the cob-shaped inflorescence is attached to a short peduncle and is covered with a greenish apical leaf.

Top dressing

From mid-spring to early autumn, indoor zamioculcas must be fed with fertilizers for succulents or cacti twice a month. The rest of the time, if the weather is cloudy, they do not feed them.


When the zamioculcas plant grows up, large leaves need to be propped up with a support with rings. Otherwise, the leaves may collapse.

Zamiokulkas transplant

It is advisable to transplant the plant in summer or spring every 2-4 years. With rare transplants, you can slow down the growth of the plant. It is better to transplant in tall clay pots. If the pot is too wide, then the roots will develop at first, and not the aerial part. In addition, there is a possibility that the plant will be flooded. Zamiokulkas is transplanted at home into a humus substrate: garden, garden, forest land and sand (2: 2: 2: 5). It will not be superfluous to add charcoal, but quite a bit. Drainage should be good - at least one fourth of the height of the pot.

Reproduction of zamiokulkas

You can propagate the home flower zamioculcas by dividing and rooting leaf blades or leaves. Leaf blades root well in a greenhouse with a sand and peat substrate if the temperature exceeds 20 ° C. In fallen leaves, nodules can form at the base, which are used for reproduction - roots and buds begin to grow from them. The first shoot can grow in 6 months.

Diseases and pests

Zamiokulkas leaves die off. Leaves may die from mechanical damage.

Zamioculcas is stretched. The plant stretches if there is not enough light for it.

Zamioculcas falls off. The lower leaves may fall off - this is normal.

Spots on the leaves of zamiokulkas. Dark spots may appear on the leaves of zamiokulkas - this can be caused by a number of reasons: excessive watering, cold air, drafts.

Zamioculcas rots. The stem and roots may start to rot if the temperature is low and the water does not drain well from the pot.

Zamioculcus pests. Zamioculcas is not very susceptible to pest infestation, but can be attacked by aphids and scale insects.


Zamioculcas zamiifolia / Zamioculcas zamiifolia

Another name for the species is Zamioculcas loddigesii... In nature, the species lives in East Africa. The rhizome is expressed by a tuber, from which leaves grow in zamiokulkas (up to 60 cm long). The leaves are divided into feather leaflets in the amount of 4-6 pairs. During prolonged drought, zamioculcas can shed leaves from the top of the leaf to reduce volatility.


  1. Read the topic on Wikipedia
  2. Features and other plants of the Aroid family
  3. List of all species on The Plant List
  4. More information on World Flora Online
  5. Indoor Plants Information

Sections: Houseplants Ornamental-deciduous Aroid (Aronic) Shade-tolerant Plants in the W

Zamioculcas: home care for an unpretentious flower!

If you have not heard this name before, then it most likely will not tell you anything. But a plant with this name is quite common. Today zamioculcas can be found not only at friends' homes, but also in many public buildings, offices, etc. This, first of all, speaks of the plant's endurance and its unpretentiousness. Zamioculcas looks very interesting, it resembles an overseas plant. Its leaves are extraordinarily beautiful. The plant blooms imperceptibly, so it should be considered decorative deciduous.

Zamioculcas has a lot of other names, some superstitions are even associated with it. If you are intrigued by this flower, then it is worth learning more about it.

Description of the flower

Sentyabrinki belong to the numerous Astrov family, whose homeland is considered to be North America. In our region, these flowers have long been widespread and are unpretentious herbaceous plants. In nature, lush bushes of saintbrinks are found near the taiga area. Their shape is reminiscent of the structure of a pyramid. The stems are strong, branched and covered with solid foliage. Breeders have bred different variations of saintbrinks, differing in the appearance and color of the flowers. Some of them are tall and powerful bushes, while others look like stunted ground covers that can grow no more than 30 cm in length. The buds begin to bloom in late summer. The peak of flowering is observed in September.

Recommendations for the care of zamiokulkas

A florist who wants to grow a spectacular zamioculcas: care and reproduction of the plant will need to be done correctly, having studied the maximum of useful information.

Best of all, a planted dollar tree will feel if its flowerpot is installed in a well-lit or somewhat shaded place in the apartment. The plant does not need generous watering, and therefore it is advisable to abandon excessive moisture in the soil substrate. In summer, abundant irrigation of the soil is carried out every 14 days, in winter even less often.

The dollar tree responds gratefully to feeding on the leaves. For this purpose, spraying with fertilizers diluted in water is carried out. It is very important to ensure that the leaves and leaf plates are kept clean - they are allowed to be periodically cleaned of dust with a soft cloth.

It is also encouraged to periodically place the flower under a warm shower with the provided protection of the soil from drops (film cover).

Propagated, grown plants will surely delight their owners with beauty and unpretentiousness. The presence of a dollar tree (one or more) in the house will contribute to the creation of an atmosphere of comfort, contentment, and their contemplation will certainly delight all family members.

Calathea care

Calathea is one of the most demanding tropical plants for home seedlings. But you can cope with it if you approach the issue correctly.

The natural soil for Calathea is light and breathable. Household substrates are harvested on the basis of leafy soil. Looseness is provided by peat and sand. Compost, charcoal, bark, needles are responsible for the useful components. You can add some humus. A classic professional flower soil mixture with an already balanced composition is also suitable.

Complex fertilizers are used for systematic feeding. During the period of active growth, nitrogen and calcium are especially needed. They are administered every few weeks. Continue intensive fertilizing for some time after flowering.

For most varieties, not the highest, but stable temperature is enough. In summer it is approximately from +15 to + 25C. Winter minimum with minimum watering + 12C.

Calathea is very sensitive to drafts and sudden changes. Do not put it on the aisle or near constantly opening windows and doors.

It is advisable to avoid direct sunlight. Due to their excess, the flower fades and fades, and the plates curl up. The ideal option is a semi-shaded corner. Plus, it's a great way to add color to a boring interior.

Under natural conditions, calathea grows on the banks of rivers and lakes, therefore it requires high humidity and regular watering. Spray the flower constantly with a fine spray bottle. The water must be clean and settled. Pebbles or moss are poured into the pot holder. They are gradually moistened as needed, but stagnation should not be allowed.

Varieties with pubescent and velvety leaves are not sprayed. This can damage delicate foliage and lead to rotting. Such species are bathed in the shower several times a month, and for humidity they spray the air around. It is convenient to shake off dust with a soft brush.

If you see yellowing leaves with brown spots on your plant, know that this is the first symptom of root rot. You flooded it! In this case, it is better to dry out than to pour.

My son knows that our beautiful plant has a poisonous juice, even when dividing, you can damage the skin with the juice of the tubers. Therefore, simple safety rules in the form of gloves when transplanting and refusal to eat the plant will save you from its juice.

Write about your zamiokulkasy, show what handsome men you have, share the problems of growing :)

About precautions

That is why he is not afraid of all kinds of parasites and pests.

And although his juice and shoots are unlikely to be able to bring a person to death, they will bring enough trouble. The calcium oxolate contained in the plant is a strong enough allergen for humans.

When working with zamioculcas, certain precautions must be taken. First of all, this applies to working with tubers when dividing them for reproduction. Sufficiently large roots, when separating, can splash their juice with their juice not only the hands of the unlucky owner, but also get to him on the mucous membranes.

A slice of a leaf with drops of poisonous liquid

Moreover, in order to rinse, for example, the eyes from the poison of this plant, it is necessary to spend enough time, since calcium oxolate is poorly soluble in water. Therefore, it is necessary to work with zamiokulkas in gloves and plastic goggles. Moreover, it doesn't matter what you do: trimming the crown of the plant, shortening the branches or dividing the tubers, protection items must be worn on you.

Domestic animals - cats and dogs ignore zamioculcas, because their sense of smell speaks of its toxicity, but with birds the situation is a little more complicated.


A good gift for luck and money

It is an extravagant houseplant that does not require any special care. Despite its slow growth, it has firmly entered the floristry of our time. And its fantastic endurance and unpretentiousness make it possible to grow this flower in conditions of almost any room. This plant can be used as a wonderful gift for an experienced or novice florist, or even for a person who is completely inexperienced in growing indoor plants. With a sufficient volume of the pot, zamiokulkas only needs to be watered, so a person who has absolutely no experience in floriculture can handle it. We have tried to give you all the information you need about this flower. If you disagree with these ratings, leave your rating in the comments with the reasons for your choice. Thank you for your participation. Your opinion will be useful to other users

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