With the onset of warmth, gardeners and gardeners get tools and various household equipment from sheds and closets. In the midst of spring work, everything that a summer resident needs should be at his fingertips. There is a constant need for shovels, rakes, shovels, forks and pruners. On the one hand, they need to be as close to the work site as possible. On the other hand, how do you not want the neat view of the site to be disturbed by the objects scattered around! There is only one way out: you need to define and equip a place for the summer storage of tools. And in winter, they also have to be put somewhere in order to fully meet the new summer season.
For spring, summer and autumn
The aesthetics of open space will not be compromised by using one of the proposed ideas for convenient storage of tools. Everything you need will be at your fingertips, but not in front of your eyes.
Space under the terrace or porch
If at the design stage of the house you envisage even a slightly raised porch or terrace, consider that you have already identified the place for shovels and rakes. It is enough that the structure is at least half a meter above the ground. The greater the distance from the ground and the length of the same terrace, the wider your possibilities.
The free space under the terrace is well organized. Even the rungs of the stairs have been converted into drawers that can hold a wide variety of small items.
You can simply close the space by providing it with an aesthetic door. You will get an original shed, which, by the way, will additionally strengthen the terrace. If there is not too much space under the porch, it is better to limit yourself to drawers, turning the side of the porch into a kind of chest of drawers. In this case, the design should be chosen according to your own taste, it is only important that it matches the general style of buildings.
Another option for creating a utility room under the terrace of the house. It can accommodate not only garden tools, but also a bicycle, for example, or a small boat
A garden bench will work too
As a rule, the space under the garden benches is of no particular interest to anyone. And we will fix it and will not let it be empty. Let us have a box instead of an ordinary shop, in which we will put the tools.
At the same time, the general aesthetics of the site will not suffer in any way, but the space under the bench, where it is so difficult to mow the grass, will be put into action. Pruners, scoops and hoses can be stored right next to where they are used.
This bench doesn't look like a toolbox in any way, but that's how it is used. Externally similar to a trendy sofa, it is multifunctional
We build a special box
Now let's do it differently. First, we will calculate the box with what parameters we need so that all the inventory can easily fit there, and then we will think about what other functions it could perform on our site.
Such a wooden box will certainly find some other useful use in the household. For example, you can grow seedlings on it or use it in a gazebo as a dining table.
Let's say we make a container with pull-out shelves or with a hinged lid, or even a combined structure in which the drawers are located at the bottom, and the space for shovels, rakes and hoes is at the top. It turns out a rather voluminous structure that can be used as a table for growing seedlings, a lounger or a place for children's games.
Original obelisk-shaped construction
A decorative detail of the exterior of your home can be a very useful structure at the same time. It would never occur to anyone that brooms and shovels are located right here, this design looks so neat and natural.
Who would have thought that in such a neat and inconspicuous hiding place the owner hides shovels, shovels and rods? Yes, in the lower part of the obelisk there is also an air conditioner.
For example, an air conditioner can occupy the lower part of the container, and tools with long cuttings will be placed on top. Fishing tackle can also be stored here, which also needs storage space.
For the little things you need
However, not all garden tools are large. Sometimes we need little things like pruners, coils of string, gloves, shovels and pegs. Where to put all this, so as not to look for a long time? For them, you should build a birdhouse on a rack corresponding to the growth of the gardener.
This is a real illustration to expressing everything at your fingertips. The board is for information that the gardener must not forget. For example, dates of vaccinations can be marked here.
It can be a stand-alone storage or an original addition to a large utility room. In any case, in such a house, every little thing will lie in its place. And just write down the necessary information with chalk on the blackboard on the inside of the door.
We use suspended structures
Various supports are often used for climbing flowering plants, cucumbers and grapes. On their vertical surfaces, it is easy to make some kind of hooks. With their help, it will be possible to hang all the inventory unnecessary at the moment. In fact, it is in plain sight, but it is either not noticeable, or it will look neat enough.
Take a good look at the pillars, because the inventory placed on them is, in fact, practically invisible
If the climate in your area is dry, this kind of temporary storage is very useful. If it often rains, then you can fill hooks on the wall of any outbuilding, which is reliably protected by an overhanging roof. However, you can transform the entire outer surface of the wall into a kind of organizer. We will describe its construction below.
Aesthetic cylindrical racks
If in the course of construction work you still have scraps of metal or polypropylene pipes, do not rush to part with them. By fixing them in a quiet corner somewhere behind the house or behind a gazebo, you can store all the tools with pens in them. Each item has its own place, which makes it easier to access it later.
The only thing that is alarming in this way of storing inventory is the pitchfork, the sharp teeth of which are directed upwards. We can only hope that this structure will be located in compliance with safety regulations.
We make a shelf with our own hands
There are a lot of ways to make a simple tool shelf with your own hands. We bring one of them to your attention. For the base of the shelf, we need one board over 1 meter long and 40 mm thick. In addition, we will prepare the remains of boards, planks, as well as identical triangular-shaped plywood trimmings.
We take plywood triangles and on each of them we cut out a groove with a jigsaw corresponding to the board that we have prepared for the base of the shelf. With self-tapping screws we fasten the trims of the planks to the triangles, we cut off their edges. Now each triangle is a console.
This shelf is easy to make: there is no point in buying new materials to create it, you can use those left over from previous construction work
Using self-tapping screws, we fix each console on the base board so that shovels, rakes and other tools could be suspended with the working part up. Trim boards or chipboard should be inserted between the consoles. This will give the overall structure the necessary rigidity.
I must say that the finished structure turns out to be quite heavy. To fix such a shelf to the wall, you need an assistant who will support it. If the master works alone, then it is easier for him to initially fix the support board, and only then screw the consoles and elements that provide rigidity to it.
The only difficulty is the weight of the shelf itself, which will be a problem if you have to fix it to the wall alone, but in this case there is a way out
Another option involves fixing the finished structure with one large nail, and then the final installation with self-tapping screws. Through holes can be made in advance in their locations. The resulting simple shelf collects all the basic inventory.
Garden organizer made easy
For a simple garden organizer, we do not need extra efforts and significant financial costs. It's pretty simple!
We need four 25mm thick edged boards. They need to be prepared for work - to be trimmed. The picture shows where the holes will be placed on the two planks. Let's outline them. With the help of a feather drill, we will make holes according to the preliminary outline and, then, with a jigsaw or a simple hacksaw, we will cut out the side cuts.
There is nothing complicated in assembling such an organizer. The whole simple process is reflected in sufficient detail in these figures.
We connect the boards in pairs with self-tapping screws to get two L-shaped structures. We now have two vertical posts. We select the wall on which our organizer will be placed. Let it be, for example, the outer wall of any outbuilding. The racks need to be screwed to it parallel to each other at a shorter distance than the length of the shovel handle.
Why not boast of such a decent work result? It's always nice to keep your instruments in order. It will be more fun to work with a clean inventory.
The work is over. It remains only to put all the inventory in the organizer and be glad that it will always be in order.
When the summer season is over
When the cold weather sets in and the work in the country ends, it is time to preserve the tools that served us faithfully and send them for storage. If you follow all the rules, in the spring we will not have to spend money on buying a new one. Spring costs are already high.
We send gardening tools for storage
All shovels, hoes, rakes and other gardener tools should be preserved. We will carry out their initial inspection and repair everything that has broken down during the working season. Dirt and rust must be removed. Cleaning is best done with a wire brush or putty knife. Lubricate the cutting edge and metal surfaces with oil.
Do not leave tools dirty and unlubricated for the winter. All the same, in the spring they will have to do the same work. And in the spring, as you yourself know, there are a lot of things to do without it
It is necessary to sharpen the blades of the delimber and secateurs. Use a file to remove any jagged edges from a delimber or garden saw. A sharpening stone is better suited to the pruner for the same purpose. You also need to take care of the wooden handles. They are also thoroughly cleaned, after which they are abundantly lubricated with ordinary sunflower or linseed oil. Soaked in this way, the handles will not dry out and will last a long time.
Particular attention should be paid to the fertilizer sprayer. It is cleaned, washed thoroughly and dried. All levers and fixtures of the device are thoroughly coated with machine oil. Free the hoses from residual water, roll up into a ring and hang on the wall. Store them only indoors.
Electrical equipment storage rules
A well-equipped suburban area cannot do without electromechanical equipment. When preparing it for winter, the following steps are necessary:
- draining all excess fuel;
- replacement of engine oil;
- checking the presence of fasteners (brackets, plugs, screws) and filling the actual shortage.
Power cords also require mandatory inspection. If the integrity is violated, it is better to replace them with new ones. The trimmer head is cleaned, washed and dried. Mower blades are sharpened and lubricated. Both electric scissors and a grass shredder need cleaning. All knives, metal parts and movable joints of various units must be cleaned and lubricated.
Any electromechanical device needs careful maintenance. But the life of a gardener and a gardener is greatly facilitated if he has them and are in good condition.
The tool should never be left where it can be wetted by rain or covered with snow. Even moisture from fog negatively affects its performance. An ideal storage place would be a special utility room. If there is no such room, a workshop or even a storage room in the house will do. Thoroughly preserved gardening tools will successfully survive the period of lack of demand and will not let their owners down in the spring.
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How to store lily bulbs before planting in the spring
After the lilies have been dug up and pre-processed, you can send them to the wintering place, but for this you need to know how to properly store the bulbs in the winter at home
In order for the planting material to be suitable for planting in the spring, it is important to follow these rules:
- The storage area should be well ventilated, not very dry and not very humid (50-70%). If it is too dry, the roots will shrivel, if it is too humid, they will rot.
- The optimum air temperature in the room is from 0 to + 4 ° C.
- Each onion should be inspected regularly for mold and rot.
Bulbs should be sorted according to size and packaged in paper packages so that they do not touch each other, fill the bags with moss or vermiculite.
Lilies arranged in one layer winter comfortably in a spacious and clean container (box) under the material that allows air to pass through well. You can cover with gauze, burlap, moss, add a layer of wood shavings. If the sides of the container are solid, then it is necessary to drill holes in them to create natural ventilation.
Storage places can be a cellar, garage, attic, but the above conditions must be observed there. For the basement, the outside temperature is important. If necessary, you will have to open or close the ventilation ducts. If wintering in an apartment is planned, then it is better to place the container under the cabinet (but not next to the heating radiators and not on the upper shelves).
On a loggia or a glazed balcony, you can store it in a box with good thermal insulation.
However, there still needs to be protection from the sun's rays, which can warm up the container, and the lilies will begin to sprout. If you decide to store in the refrigerator, you need to distribute the lilies in plastic bags with small holes, cover them with dry peat and send them to the vegetable department. There is a stable temperature, but you should know that fruits and vegetables emit ethylene (it inhibits the bulbs, makes them difficult to breathe). Another disadvantage of the refrigerator is the lack of necessary ventilation.
Planting in flowerpots is a forced measure, which must be resorted to if the seed material has begun to germinate. Until spring, the pots should be kept in a bright but cool place (to slow down growth). A convenient solution is to store the bulbs in peat pots with peat-sandy contents.
A couple of weeks before planting, they must be transferred to a warm and bright room, and then watered. Plant in open ground directly with pots. Dry bulbs during storage should be wrapped in a wet cloth. If it is very dry, keep it in water for 2-3 hours.
It will also be interesting: Lilia Pretty Wumen - description and care at home
Terms of grafting apple trees
You can plant apple trees all year round. The best time is spring, when sap flow is just beginning in the tree.In the spring, a beginner can also plant a tree, but much more experience is needed for vaccination in summer or autumn.
July and August are no less important for the apple tree than April. At this time, the second stage of active sap flow begins. However, grafting into a split or cut is not carried out at this time, since their own leaves are already appearing on the cuttings.
The escape appears only next year.
Budding is carried out in dry, cool weather. If the summer is very warm and sunny, it is better to plant the apple tree in the morning before 10 noon.
Grafting in the fall is allowed only on young rootstocks - the stalk will not take root on old trees. The best method is budding. However, experienced gardeners also plant in the cleft. An escape, if the vaccination was successful, will appear in the spring.
This material will tell you how to prune a young apple tree.
Apple trees are grafted in September – first half of October, until the sap flow has stopped and the weather is warm enough.
Vaccination is carried out only if the average daily temperature is kept above +15 C.
In the cold season, apple trees are grafted only indoors. The mother plant is seedlings, which are supposed to be planted in open ground in the spring. Vaccination is carried out from the end of January to the end of March. In any case, the timing depends on the time of planting in the ground - no later than 20 days.
Before the procedure, the cuttings should be stored in sheds or basements at a temperature of 0 C. 2 weeks before grafting, the stocks are brought into a warm room, cuttings - 3 days before.
For grafting in winter, cuttings are cut with the onset of cold weather. At the same time, the air temperature can drop to - 8 C, but the soil should not be frozen yet.
In the spring
This is the best time for the cuttings to take root. Sap flow begins, but leaves and flowers are still missing - the main consumers of nutrients.
In the cleft, they are more often inoculated in March-April, until the kidneys are swollen. It is better to use budding in May. If the stalk has not taken root, the procedure can be repeated.
The first - in March, stone fruits are grafted, from the beginning of April, pome fruits are engrafted.
There is nothing difficult in planting and growing honeysuckle. Such a plant should be looked after in the same way as for most other horticultural crops, namely, it must be watered, weeded, fed, cut, loosened, and sprayed against diseases and pests in a timely manner. It should be remembered that the better care the bush receives, the more it will yield a richer harvest, and the plant itself will have a very effective appearance. After the seedling is planted in open soil, for the first 3 years it will only need to be hilled high in the spring, and also provide it with timely watering, weeding and loosening of the soil surface. If the surface of the soil near the bushes is covered with a layer of mulch, then the number of these procedures will be significantly reduced. Young bushes do not need pruning. Honeysuckle should be watered moderately. However, in the dry period, especially in the last weeks of spring and the first - summer, the plant needs to be watered abundantly, since if it feels a lack of water, the quality of the fruits may noticeably decrease, because they will have bitterness. In the event that excessively hot weather is not observed during the season, and it rains systematically, then watering the honeysuckle will need to be 3 or 4 times during the growing season. At a time, 1 bucket of water is poured under one plant. When the plant is watered or it rains, the surface of the soil near the honeysuckle will need to be loosened, and all weeds should be removed. It is necessary to loosen the soil shallowly only 7–8 centimeters in depth, since the root system of such a plant is superficial. In the event that the soil is mulched, then loosening of its surface can be done less often and directly through the mulch.
How to feed honeysuckle
Honeysuckle planted in open soil will not need additional feeding for 2 years. Then they begin to feed the plant 1 time in 2 years, while it is recommended to use organic matter. Top dressing is carried out in late autumn, for this, 100 g of wood ash, 5 kg of compost and 40 g of double superphosphate are added to the soil per 1 square meter of the plot. Every year in the spring, before the buds open, the bushes are fed with ammonium nitrate (15 grams for each 1 square meter of the plot), while it is added to the soil, or you can pour a mixture of 10 liters of water and 1 a large spoonful of urea. After all the fruits have been collected, the third feeding of the honeysuckle is carried out, for this they use a solution of nitroammophoska or nitrophoska (for 1 bucket of water from 25 to 30 grams of the substance) or take a solution of slurry (1: 4), which is diluted in 1 bucket of water.
How long does it take for honeysuckle fruits to ripen? Flowering and fruiting in this plant is observed quite early, for example, the ripening of fruits occurs in the last days of June or the first days of July. In a large number of varieties, ripe berries fall off the bush quickly enough, so harvesting must be carried out in a timely manner, otherwise most of it will be lost. Fruit should be picked after the color turns dark blue. In the event that the variety in your garden does not fall, then after the berries ripen, you can wait about 7 more days. If their rapid decline is observed, then harvesting is recommended in the following way: for this, a film or cloth is spread under the bush, on which the berries are shaken off, in this case you will be able to collect only ripe fruits. Delicate berries can be very easily injured, in this regard, they are poured into small containers in a not very thick layer. Even on a refrigerator shelf, fruits cannot be stored for a long time, so it is recommended to freeze them as soon as possible and place them in the freezer for storage. Jam is prepared from such fruits, and they can also be crushed in a blender and combined with granulated sugar in a ratio of 1: 1 (you need to store in the refrigerator) or 1: 1.25 (you can store at room temperature). Chopped berries, combined with sugar, are considered an excellent source of vitamins and are used in the treatment of colds, while this mixture is recommended to be combined with strawberries or raspberries. Honeysuckle is also used to make homemade wines and liqueurs.
Transplanting an adult plant is quite difficult. First, you should dig it in, having previously determined the boundaries of the root system. Then the bush must be removed from the soil and moved to a new place, after which it must be planted. Honeysuckle tolerates transplantation very well. What time is considered the most appropriate for transplanting such a berry crop? This procedure is recommended to be carried out in the summer immediately after the harvest is collected. In this case, the honeysuckle will have time to take root well in a new place. What kind of care will the transplanted plant need? After carrying out this procedure, honeysuckle, like any other plant, should be provided with abundant watering.
Honeysuckle after fruiting
When all the fruits are harvested, you need to feed the honeysuckle. Also, the bush will need timely watering and pruning of stems that violate its shape. You also need to process the bushes from diseases and pests, when the need arises. Honeysuckle not only produces delicious and incredibly healthy berries, but is also a highly decorative plant. However, the plant will bear fruit well and look spectacular only if it is properly cared for. Remember the agricultural practices of this culture and observe the external changes in the bush, which will allow you to quickly eliminate any problem that has arisen.