How to make DIY tomato pegs

How to make DIY tomato pegs

Tomato is one of the most popular types of vegetable plants grown in our country today. The tomato gained wide popularity due to its nutritional and dietary properties, a huge variety of species and varieties, high productivity in various climatic conditions. However, to get a good harvest, proper tomato care is necessary, which includes a garter to the pegs.

Growing methods of tomatoes

The tomato is grown in the open air and in greenhouse conditions in a horizontal and vertical position.

The vertical cultivation method allows:

  1. Planting a large number of plants in a relatively small sown area;
  2. Get a high-quality crop as a result of better illumination of plants throughout their height
  3. Simplify the process of grooming (feeding, watering, pruning) and harvesting;
  4. Prevent damage to plants and fruits during processing;

The main types of garters

One of the many ways to get a high yield is to garter tomatoes. There are the following main ways to tie tomatoes:

  1. Peg method (using pegs);
  2. Frame method (using rope or wire frames);
  3. Tapestry (horizontal and vertical);
  4. Pyramidal (conical);
  5. Hook (using hooks).

The pegging method is the most common method for growing tomatoes.

Purpose of garter tomato

The main reasons for which a tomato garter is carried out:

  1. There is a great risk of damage to tall plants under the weight of fruits that increase during ripening;
  2. The ability to apply fertilizers directly under the root of the bushes, without affecting the plants and fruits themselves, which prevents the occurrence of chemical burns and mechanical damage;
  3. The fruits are located above the ground level, which protects them from diseases and attacks of various pests;
  4. The procedure for caring for plants (pinching, mulching, pinching and spraying) is significantly simplified;
  5. The degree of protection of fruits and green mass from high humidity increases;
  6. The degree of illumination of plants increases for their full and timely development.

The tying of plants grown in open conditions, among other things, allows you to reliably protect plants from damage during heavy rainfall and strong winds.

The most popular way to tie up tomatoes is to attach them to vertical supports - pegs. Supports can be made of various materials (wood, iron, metal-plastic, plastic), both factory-made and improvised elements.

Metal-plastic pegs have a metal core covered with a thin layer of plastic. The plastic pegs are made of extra strong plastic. Factory-made pegs in various sizes with pre-applied elements for plant garters are available from specialist stores.

The most widespread in terms of their price and availability are pegs made of wood.

Making pegs with your own hands

You can make wooden supports for tomatoes with your own hands even without special training. For manufacturing, a pre-marked wooden board with a length of 2.0-2.5 m, a width of 10-15 cm and a thickness of 5-7 cm is marked in width and length for the required number of stakes.

You should not save on material by using pegs with a small section (up to 50x50 mm) due to the high probability of their damage under the weight of plants and the action of wind loads.

Then, using a hand or circular saw, the board is "dismantled" into bars of the selected section. The resulting stakes, if necessary, are polished with a plane or with the help of coarse-grained emery paper. For more convenient and easy penetration, the ends of the stakes are sharpened at an angle of 45 from one or more sides of the support.

Installation of props

After preparing the required number of pegs, they begin to drive them into the ground. In order not to damage the roots of the tomato, the place where the support is driven should be 10-15 cm away from the main stem. If the ground is hard and compacted, drive with a heavy hammer or sledgehammer.... If the ground is loose, you only need to slightly press on the support to deepen it to a sufficient depth (up to 30 cm).

Garter tomatoes

The bushes are tied with a rope made of strong and rot-resistant material. First, the rope is tied on a support, and then they grab the stem and tie it to the support for several knots. For a more secure fastening, it is necessary to grab the stem and 2-3 adjacent large brushes together.

Under no circumstances should the rope be tightly tightened around the stem of the plant. The tension on the rope should be loose enough to allow the stem to thicken unhindered as it grows.

Unusual fastening methods

In addition to the above-mentioned usual ways of fastening tomatoes, there are original and, at the same time, practical options for garter tomatoes with the help of scrap materials. For example:

Reverse taper vertical design

It is a structure of several hoops of various diameters, which are fixed on supports installed at an angle to each other. The hoops are evenly spaced along the entire height of the structure from bottom to top, starting from a hoop with a smaller diameter to a larger one. Such a cone-shaped design allows you to reliably protect the tomato bush from recurrent frosts.

Inclined lattice A-shaped structure

It is a spatial structure of elongated A-shaped grids attached at an angle to each other, made of small diameter tree trunks, wooden rods or stakes.

Sloped lattice V-shaped structure

It is a structure that in its essence resembles an "inverted" image of the previous structure. Consists of shortened and inclined in the opposite direction from each other V-shaped gratings.

Garter tomatoes is one of the most important and crucial stages in the process of growing tomatoes.

This procedure guarantees an increase in yields, an increase in the period of fruiting and a more efficient use of the sown area.


Why tie up at all

With the help of competent tying, you can competently form bushes. A correctly performed procedure helps to increase yields, faster ripening of fruits and prevent the death of a bush from one of the most common problems - a broken trunk.

Tying is a must for medium and tall bushes. Garter tomato will help in solving the following tasks:

  • Watering the root zone of the bush, without injuring the tops and fruits. This is necessary to prevent sunburn.
  • Formation of more ovaries.
  • Protect the flowers and fruits of the plant from ants and other pests in the soil.
  • Checking the plant to reduce the threat of stem and leaf rot from excess moisture.
  • Strengthening the stem, taking the correct shape without bends.
  • Prevent stem breakage under the weight of ripening fruits.
  • Provide uniform sunlight penetration.
  • Facilitate the spraying procedure and make it more efficient.
  • Make weeding and pinching processes easier.

It is important to know that tying is done several times as needed.

How to tie tomatoes outdoors

Experienced summer residents use several technologies for plant garters. Each gardener decides for himself how to tie the tomatoes.

Traditionally, the procedure is performed using the following instruments:

  • pegs
  • cells
  • trellis
  • caps
  • hooks.

Pegs

Even a novice gardener can properly tie up tomatoes with pegs. The circuit is so simple that it is used all over the place. In the immediate vicinity of the bush, a peg is installed in the ground, to which the plant will be tied.

Experts identify several rules that are important to follow when using this garter method:

  • The maximum support length for tall bushes is 2.5 meters, for medium bushes - 2 meters.
  • The support plunges into the ground to a depth of about 60-80 centimeters and rises above the bush by 20-30 centimeters from the maximum possible length.
  • The distance from the trunk to the peg is from 10 to 12 centimeters.
  • Garter tomatoes in the open field using stakes is made using a special technology:
  • first, the twig is placed next to the plant
  • then tie a string around the peg
  • then tie the stem of the plant with a string so that it is not strongly attracted to the support
  • when the plant grows up, repeat the procedure with the shoots located above.

For a garter, you can use metal and wooden stakes. So that the latter serve for a long time and do not rot from moisture, the workpiece is pre-fired with fire.

Cells

We build supports around each bush of large cells, consisting of several vertically located supports with horizontal bridges. Such a structure is dug into the ground to a depth of twenty centimeters.

The service life of such structures can be up to five years.

Tapestry

Everyone can properly tie up tomatoes with the help of trellises. It is important to follow the technology:

  • At an equidistant distance from each other, two pegs are dug in along the edges of the beds. For very wide areas, intermediate stakes can be positioned.
  • The pegs are connected using horizontal jumpers from bottom to top. The distance from the ground to the lowest lintel is about 20 centimeters.

The tapestry can be made from wooden sticks, rods, metal wire.

Caps

Caps or pyramids are homemade wigwams, to which you can tie several bushes at once. It is very convenient to tie up tomatoes in the open field with the help of such blanks.

  1. To create the structure, three vertical supports are needed, fixed with jumpers.

Hooks

This design is ideal for tall tomato varieties. A wire is stretched between the two pegs, on which a row of loops is located, for which the bushes are tied.

Tying in greenhouses

Growing tomatoes in greenhouses has a number of features. Since the amount of free space in the structure is limited, the following types of garters are used:

  • Bowknot. A wire is stretched between the rows, to which each bush is fixed using the "figure eight" method.
  • With clothespins. These are ready-made devices that can be purchased at any summer resident's store. They allow you to fix the plant to any type of support.

How to form a bush

All tomato varieties are formed by the formation of lateral shoots. The taller the plant, the more branches there should be. However, the excessive number of shoots reduces the yield.

The procedure is simple: with hands soaked in a weak solution of potassium permanganate, pinch off excess shoots at a distance of 1-2 centimeters from the trunk.

Shoots need to be pinched. The optimal time for the procedure is morning.

  • Tying and pinching are fairly simple procedures that can be entrusted to any family member.

Photo tomato

Did you like the article?


How to tie tomatoes in a greenhouse

Timely garter of tomato seedlings will keep the bush intact, as well as ovaries and fruits that can deform or crumble under their own weight.

For a garter, pegs should be prepared 5-10 cm higher than the plant and cords or fabric ribbons with which the plant is attached to the support.

The peg is installed immediately upon landing in a permanent place, parallel to the trunk, but so as not to injure the root system. A trunk is tied to it. As the plant grows, the garter will continue. It will be necessary to tie the largest branches with fruits to a peg in order to prevent their deformation and shedding.


Creating mixed plantings of vegetables in the garden: photo examples and optimal schemes

The method of combining crops is very effective in practice if the companion plants are selected successfully. Therefore, the owners of the plots calculate according to a special table of the neighborhood of vegetables in the beds before planting. Some types of vegetables depress each other, others can improve the growth and development of neighbors, provide them with protection from pests.

When planning the beds, it is worth considering that companion plants give a greater yield if they are planted nearby

The correct neighborhood of vegetables in the beds: compatibility table

Many summer residents note that due to the proximity of beans as a compaction for the garden bed where potatoes are grown, the number of the Colorado potato beetle is significantly reduced. Marigolds effectively protect cabbage from the white butterfly. Despite this, a certain balance should be adhered to. After all, an excessive amount of marigolds in the garden can drown out the growth of cabbage.

Table of vegetable neighbors in the garden, creating a successful tandem:

Vegetable name Plants for a successful combination
strawberry beans, spinach, marigolds, garlic, salad
kohlrabi cucumber, lettuce, onion, beet
peas carrots, corn, cucumber, calendula, eggplant
onion tomato, celery, beetroot, savory, carrot
beans potato, cucumber, tomato, strawberry, eggplant
cucumber radish, pepper, peas, cabbage, beans
carrot lettuce, onion, sage, tomato, peas
salad strawberry, cucumber, carrot, radish
pepper salad, cucumber, beans
a tomato calendula, basil, beans, nasturtium, parsley

Poor compatibility of planting vegetables in the garden is characterized by the following pairs of plants:

  • cabbage and strawberries
  • onions and beans
  • carrots and celery, dill, parsley
  • cucumbers and potatoes.

Even in a small area, you can get high yields by using the table of correspondence of neighboring plants when planting

Helpful advice! In addition to the main crops, it is recommended to plant spicy and ornamental herbs on the garden bed. Thus, the garden will not only be beautiful, but also useful.



Examples of mixed planting of vegetables in the garden: popular schemes

A good example of the compatibility of vegetables in the garden is the combination of onions and carrots. As an independent crop, onions are capable of producing about 2.5 kg of yield from 1 m² of the garden. Carrots in the same area give about 6 kg of yield. When these crops are grown together, 9 kg of vegetables can be obtained from 1 m². These plants create protective barriers for each other from pests, so the efficiency of the area used increases.

Onions and carrots are great neighbors, so it is customary to plant them next to each other.

Of course, when planning a joint cultivation of crops in the garden, you need to group the plants taking into account their height so that neither of them blocks the light for the other. This is necessary because vegetables can not only have different heights, but also grow at different rates. It is desirable that the seals that are planted additionally be lower in height than the main vegetables. The principle of the multi-tiered neighborhood of vegetables in the beds allows you to create favorable conditions for the root system of crops, and also contributes to the rational use of solar energy.

High yields are collected from the beds where beets and late cabbage are planted.To do this, on an area of ​​0.8x0.8 m, beets (9 plants) and cabbage (4 bushes) should be planted, not forgetting to fertilize the holes with a glass of compost and a handful of eggshells (pre-grind).

By planting marigolds near the beds, you can avoid some pests in the garden

To get an excellent result when planting beans and tomatoes, it is recommended to place the plants in a row with a step of 0.3 m. Along the row with bush beans, a drip irrigation system is installed so that each plant is at the dropper. Tomatoes are planted in the central part of the garden. As a result, the bean and tomato bushes should be staggered.

Helpful advice! It is better to cut the stalks of tomatoes for the winter, and as low as possible. And beans, on the contrary, are recommended to be left intact.

Correct planning of planting of vegetable crops is the key to a rich harvest

Table of crop rotation of vegetables in the beds by crop groups

The crop rotation of the plants can also affect the yield of the beds. If the annual change of crops grown in the same bed is carried out in the correct order, the vegetable garden will produce good yields.

Benefits of correct crop rotation:

  • the likelihood of soil fatigue on the site is excluded, since the same vegetable takes the same set of nutrients from the soil every year and does it from the same depth
  • the spread of diseases and pests that affect plants of the same family is prevented
  • it becomes possible to use fertilizers rationally.

To increase yields and restore soil, green manure and crop rotation should be used.

The most primitive way of organizing crop rotation in the garden involves planting plants from different families on the same area every year. The easiest way to divide cultures into four groups is:

  1. Leafy Crops - These include various types of kale, green onions, lettuce, and spinach.
  2. Fruit vegetables - cucumbers, tomatoes, eggplants, peppers, pumpkin.
  3. Legumes - beans, chickpeas, peas.
  4. Root crops - potatoes, beets, radishes, carrots.

Table of the simplest crop rotation in the garden:

The order of disembarkation by year Recommended crops for planting
1st bed 2nd bed 3rd bed 4th bed
1 year fruit roots legumes leafy
2 year roots legumes leafy fruit
3 year legumes leafy fruit roots


Greenhouse "Khlebnitsa" and "Butterfly" - photo

This design is called "bread box" due to the fact that one in one looks like a plastic container for bread. Its lid also rises upward, hiding behind the second half. If you look at the photo, you will understand everything.

Such a greenhouse-bread bin can be welded with your own hands from a profile pipe

There are two types of such products: opening from one or both sides. If it is shallow, you can work with a lid that opens on one side. If the width is more than a meter, it will be easier to work if there is access from both sides. This design with two opening sides has its own name: "Snail".

A film, spunbond, is stretched onto the fabricated frame, but polycarbonate is more popular for this design.

The second design differs in the type of door opening. Its arch is also made on arcs, but it opens up on hinges (see the picture).

Butterfly greenhouse: when open, the lids resemble wings

They can be installed directly on the ground or on a prepared base made of bricks or timber. In some cases, the covers do not open immediately from the ground, but there is a small side 15-20 cm.


Tips for summer residents

In order to maximally protect your site from pests and diseases, and at the same time get the maximum yield from it, you need to know a few easy rules.

When choosing which seeds to buy, you should opt for hybrid ones that are already immune to most diseases and ailments. This will significantly save on special products and additional care.

The presence of sunlight plays an important role not only in matters of fruit ripening, but also in matters of safety. Thanks to the props, tomatoes have access to sunlight throughout the day and fresh air. It has been proven that direct sunlight is capable of killing a large number of harmful organisms on any surface.

The installation of trellises should be carried out from north to south. This will illuminate the bushes throughout the day, ensuring maximum yield.

It is necessary to regularly check the condition of the structure by updating the layer of antiseptic or paint. This will enable the product to last a little longer.

It is necessary to regularly carefully inspect the tomato leaves, they can be pests, they can be affected by any disease. If an infected leaf is found, it must be disposed of as soon as possible.

The infected bush is carefully treated with an antiseptic. The same is done with the neighbors. This approach allows you to detect and fight dangerous diseases in time.


Watch the video: How to Make Easy and Cheap Trellis