Ten years ago, the Zozulya F1 cucumber was very popular among Russian gardeners, especially in those regions where only greenhouse cultivation of cucumbers is possible. But in recent years, there has been a rapid increase in the number of various varieties and hybrids, as a result of which it has lost its position. Nevertheless, admirers of Zozuli are in no hurry to abandon him and persistently plant him on their plots.
Description of the Zozulya variety, its characteristics, growing region
Cucumber Zozulya F1 has been known for a long time, an application for its registration in the State Register was received in 1972, a hybrid was bred by domestic breeders. Place of birth - UC im. V.I. Edelstein at the TSKhA, Moscow. In 1977 it was registered and recommended for cultivation in almost all regions. What is the reason for this decision to spread throughout the country? The hybrid was originally developed for cultivation in good, well-maintained greenhouses with heating and irrigation systems. And for such conditions, the region does not really matter.
This, of course, does not mean that Zozulya cannot be planted in a simple home-made foil greenhouse or even in an ordinary greenhouse. Sure you may. It is also grown outdoors, but not in the harshest climates. There is no economic sense in occupying greenhouses for cucumbers in the southern regions, except, of course, year-round growing of vegetables. And Zozulya is grown in heated greenhouses during the winter months.
This is a parthenocarpic plant (partially self-pollinated), according to the time of harvest, the cucumber is considered to be early ripening: the first fruits are ready for harvest 46–48 days after sprouting. The maximum collection of cucumbers falls on the first month of fruiting. The yield is stable and very high (on average about 12 kg / m2), and, depending on the region, gardeners prefer to plant Zozulya in greenhouses, unprotected soil, or even on the balcony: everywhere it gives a decent amount of fruit. When sowing seedlings in April-May, the periods of normal fruiting in the greenhouse are in June-October.
Zozuli fruits look impressive, but, of course, not everyone likes such long cucumbers.
The bushes of this cucumber are quite large, the lashes are of medium length, the average plant height is about a meter. A garter in a greenhouse is required. Scourges grow rapidly, forming numerous flowers in the leaf axils, and then ovaries, located in bunches. Pickling is not required: the number of lateral branches is sufficient for normal fruiting, there is no excess green mass. The leaves are large, bright green in color. Like most of the best greenhouse varieties, Zozulya is quite shade-tolerant. The hybrid is distinguished by high disease resistance (against rot, spotting, mosaic) and relative unpretentiousness to growing conditions.
The flowering type is female, pollination by bees is not required. Fruits are long, up to 25 cm, cylindrical, slightly grooved, thin-cored. The pubescence is weak, the tubercles on the dark green surface of the fruit are small. Fruit weight - from 130 to 250 g. The taste is described as excellent, refreshing, sweetish. The pulp is firm, crispy, with a lot of juice. The aroma is usual cucumber, strong.
The fruits can be stored for a long time, transportable. The purpose is universal: they are mainly intended for fresh consumption, but they are also suitable for pickling or pickling, although, of course, they do not fit entirely in a regular jar, and there are not so many fans of canning sliced cucumbers.
Self-pollination, early ripening and resistance to diseases allows growing Zozulya F1 cucumber practically throughout the country, including in the Urals and Siberia, and in most regions this is possible not only in greenhouses and hotbeds.
The appearance of Zozul's cucumber does not quite correspond to the generally accepted ideal: in most cases, people believe that the most delicious cucumbers must necessarily be medium-sized and with obvious thorns. Zozuli fruits are rather long, and thorns are not very characteristic for them. In terms of color, it is a classic green cucumber, often with subtle light longitudinal stripes.
Light stripes on long cucumbers are barely visible, and sometimes they are not visible at all
On the bushes, the fruits most often hang in bunches, or bunches, and, since they have an impressive size, thereby create the visual effect of high yields.
Zozul cucumbers rarely hang one at a time, usually a whole bunch
Advantages and disadvantages, features, differences from other varieties
At the time of its birth, Zozulya F1 was considered one of the best cucumber hybrids for greenhouse cultivation. Its advantages have not disappeared, it is just that now the number of available varieties has increased many times, and, of course, it has lost its position. Zozulya, naturally, differs from most varieties intended for cultivation in the open field, and this is due to the very nature of greenhouse cucumbers. Still, it is believed that the most delicious and real vegetables should grow in sunlight and in the fresh air. However, a feature of Zozuli a few decades ago was that the taste of zelents was practically not inferior to the ground ones.
Among the obvious advantages of the hybrid are:
- early ripening;
- high productivity;
- good presentation of the crop;
- excellent fruit taste, no bitterness;
- self-pollination, which allows you not to think about the presence of bees or artificial pollination;
- the ability to grow in any conditions, including on the windowsill;
- high resistance to most diseases.
As disadvantages, they mainly point to the limited suitability of the fruits for obtaining tasty classic canned food, as well as the fact that, since Zozulya is a hybrid of the first generation, you cannot collect your seeds from it. Actually, this fact led to the fact that many clones of Zozuli appeared, and over time the quality began to decline. As a result of the selection work of a number of companies, analogues of this hybrid were created: very similar to it, but with improved characteristics. Such substitutes, for example, are the following hybrids:
- Virenta F1 (high-yielding long-term fruiting cold-resistant hybrid with fruits up to 15 cm long);
- Emelya F1 (early ripening hybrid with greens up to 15 cm, universal);
Emelya is one of the cucumbers, which is called an analogue of Zozuli
- Makar F1 (highly resistant fruitful hybrid, fruits up to 20 cm in size);
- A real colonel F1 (early ripening hybrid with a friendly return of the crop, consisting of greens up to 15 cm long).
The number of Zozuli's analogues is constantly growing, but true amateurs are in no hurry to part with this well-deserved hybrid.
Video: opinion about Zozul's cucumbers
Features of planting and cultivation of the Zozulya variety
Zozulya, like all cucumbers, is a heat-loving vegetable. In addition to heat, cucumbers need increased doses of fertilizers, especially organic ones. Even fresh manure is suitable for this crop, which most vegetables do not tolerate well, although humus is more valuable, since plants can use it immediately. Suitable for cucumbers and compost, and peat-based mixtures, however, mineral fertilizers are also applied under them, and a lot: up to 100 g of azofoska per 1 m2.
In the open field, cucumbers are often arranged in warm beds. They are tall structures, where under the top layer of fertile soil there are various wastes introduced in advance (since last summer): small twigs, tree leaves, vegetable tops, cleaning, household waste, etc., mixed with peat and manure. In the spring, wood ash is poured into this bed, watered with heated water and warmed under a film until sowing seeds or planting cucumber seedlings. In protected ground, where Zozulya is usually grown, there is no need for such beds.
Depending on how early they want to harvest, cucumbers are grown through seedlings or direct sowing. If there is a greenhouse in which you can plant cucumber seedlings in early May without fear of cold weather, then Zozuli seeds can be sown in individual pots or cups in a city apartment already at the end of March. In any case, the timing of both sowing for seedlings and sowing in a garden or planting seedlings should be calculated on the basis that cucumbers will grow well only when the air temperature during the day is about 25 aboutFROM.
Most likely, the seeds will be bought ready for sowing, so the maximum that can be done before sowing is to soak them for a couple of days in water, although this will give only 1-2 days of gain in time.
Some amateurs even warm seeds bought in a specialized store and soak them in growth stimulants (Zircon, Epin or aloe juice). It is hardly worth doing, especially if there is at least a couple of words on the bag that the seeds have undergone preliminary training, you can only negate its results.
For greenhouse cucumbers, there is no point in hardening. The same applies to the option with direct sowing of seeds in a greenhouse bed. To grow a dozen seedlings, you need to select the lightest window sill, and the soil is easier to buy in the store. For cucumbers, you should pick up individual cups with a capacity of 250 ml or more, and better - peat pots are not the smallest size. Sowing seeds for seedlings is not difficult.
- Lay out 1-2 seeds in each cup on the surface of the moistened soil.
Increasingly, we sow only one seed at a time: seeds are now expensive
- Sprinkle the seeds with soil, with a layer of 1.5-2 cm.
- Watered gently, preferably by spraying from a spray bottle.
- They put the cups on a warm, well-lit windowsill (it is better if with a temperature of 25-28 aboutC), can be covered with glass or transparent film.
It is the southern window sill that is the best dwelling for seedlings.
The appearance of the first shoots of Zozul cucumbers can be expected in 5–8 days, depending on the degree of seed preparation, as well as temperature. If two seeds have sprung up in a glass, one sprout is removed. On the first day after the emergence of seedlings, the temperature is lowered to 18 aboutC, they keep it for five days, otherwise the seedlings will stretch out. Then you need room temperature (best of all - about 24 aboutHappy and 18 aboutWith the night). With a lack of light, the seedlings are illuminated with fluorescent or diode lamps. Care - as for any vegetable seedlings (infrequent watering, if necessary - top dressing).
Seedlings are planted in a greenhouse at the age of about a month. Since the Zozuli bushes are rather big, in a row they leave at least 25 cm between the plants, between the rows - from 40 cm. A plant in peat pots is planted together with a pot, and they try to extract an earthen coma from ordinary cups without destroying it. The seedlings are not buried unnecessarily, but they are elongated - they are buried almost in cotyledon leaves, after which the soil is well watered and mulched.
If you decide to do without seedlings, then Zozulya is sown with seeds directly in the greenhouse garden. This can be done if the soil temperature has reached at least 15 aboutC, but more is better. There are various schemes for placing holes: ordinary, tape, square-nested. Choose any of them, based on the size of the greenhouse and the wishes of the owner. If only a dozen cucumbers are planted, then in the greenhouse it is more convenient to plant them in one row, performing it either at the very wall, or, conversely, opposite the central entrance, leaving passages along the edges. Sowing seeds in the holes is carried out in the same way as in cups when growing seedlings.
Video: growing seedlings of Zozulya cucumbers
Zozulya cucumber care
In general, caring for Zozul's cucumbers is quite standard and includes watering, fertilizing, loosening, removing weeds and, of course, tying plants, especially in greenhouses. Despite the fact that this hybrid is relatively shade-tolerant, the best fruiting is observed in well-lit greenhouses, at a temperature of about 25 ° C. The soil should be moist all the time, but without stagnant water. Cucumbers are watered with water necessarily warmed up in the sun. The frequency of watering is about once every 4 days before flowering and every other day after the start of ovary formation. The best watering is in the evening, some time after watering, shallow loosening is required.
In the case of bare roots, soil is poured onto them; it is convenient to combine this process with feeding with wood ash: it is scattered in an amount of about half a glass on each bush and cucumbers are slightly spud with a hoe. The first mandatory top dressing - with a urea solution - is performed before flowering, and this dressing is much more effective in the foliar version (spraying on the leaves). It is not necessary to prepare a strong solution: a tablespoon of fertilizer is enough for a bucket of water. Subsequent top dressing, once every two weeks, is performed with mullein infusion (1:10), at the rate of about a liter per plant. If the leaves turn yellow, the foliar feeding with urea is repeated.
The greenhouse should be periodically ventilated, preventing the temperature from rising to 30 aboutC: too hot weather, and even if you skip watering, leads to the appearance of bitter cucumbers. In addition, in too humid hot air, various diseases attack faster.
The formation of the Zozuli bush is highly desirable: it itself gives a few lateral shoots, and it is on them that the main crop is formed. Therefore, over the fifth leaf, the main stem is pinched, which stimulates the emergence of new shoots. Trellises in the greenhouse are a must: letting cucumbers around the garden is a wasteful undertaking. Each owner comes up with the design of the trellis himself, but when the shoots reach a length of 40–45 cm, they should already be tied up. Usually they are allowed in a vertical position.
It is convenient to place one row of cucumbers on a trellis near the greenhouse wall
The first Zozuli cucumbers can be removed one and a half months after the emergence of shoots, and the first 3-4 weeks are especially fruitful, then the intake of zelents decreases. To prolong fruiting, cucumbers should be picked often, at least once every three days, and better - every other day. The optimal harvest time is morning.
Taking care of Zozulya's cucumber in the open field practically does not differ from that in a greenhouse, but in those regions where cold nights are possible, temporary shelters should be provided in case the temperature drops. And, of course, fruiting in unprotected soil in such regions ends much earlier.
Video: Zozulya cucumbers in the open field
Cucumber Zozulya F1 is a representative of greenhouse vegetables, but it can also grow in the open field. At present, it can no longer be considered one of the best, but at one time he made a small revolution among summer residents, giving them the opportunity to grow cucumbers in greenhouses with an almost soil flavor. This is a very decent hybrid in terms of consumer qualities, rather unpretentious in care.
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Cucumber variety Zozulya F1 - a time-tested hybrid
Modern gardeners actively use greenhouses and greenhouses to get the harvest as early as possible. Many varieties have been created specifically for indoor ground, and breeding work is constantly ongoing. Cucumber Zozulya F1 was bred for these purposes more than 30 years ago. Despite the abundance of new hybrids, Zozulya is not losing ground and is still loved by many vegetable growers.
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