FRITILLAIRE - How to plant them, maintain them on

FRITILLAIRE - How to plant them, maintain them on

The fritillary makes you waggle!

Fritillaries offer superb colors from March to June. They can be almost a meter high. There are more than 120 species, both different in their shapes and similar ... Simple leaves, along an often thick stem, the top of which is terminated by a crown of leaves under which, the flowers, with a drooping port and with surprising colors and patterns appear. The fritillary is a beautiful and original bulbous plant to plant in autumn for a cheerful and colorful spring! the cuttlefish are native to Europe and a few varieties are native to France. In the west they are called " Goganes ".
Do you live in the west? You know this plant, leave us a comment and why not a photo ;-).

Botanical name:

fritillaria - spp.

Type of plant

Family : Liliaceae - Liliaceae
• Cycle: Perennial by its bulb
• Hardiness: Rustic plant
Foliage : Obsolete
Exposure : Sun - partial shade
Ground : Drained
• Harbor : Erected
• Rooting: Bulbous plant
• Origin: Europe / Central Europe / America


• Cold resistance: -20 ° C
Flowering : March to June
Height: Up to 90 cm
• Culture : not always easy
• Toxicity: no
• Edible: no

What type of soil for the fritillary:

• For most fritillaries, light, well-drained soil is the best way to grow successfully. The " fritillary guinea fowl »When it will thrive in a soil humus and fresh.

When to plant fritillaria?

• Autumn, in October. Be careful, however, as fritillaria bulbs are very sensitive to humidity - they rot relatively easily - it is advisable to plant them in a relatively sheltered place, under the protection of a tree or shrub.

How to plant fritillaria?

Prepare the ground:

• Choose a sunny area or even partial shade.
• Loosen the soil, on a spade height, about 25 cm deep.
• Depending on the nature of your soil, amend it with sand and heather soil to improve drainage power and lighten the soil, if the quality of the soil requires it.

Planting fritillary bulbs:

To plant the fritillary bulbs at the right depth, there is a benchmark: it is 3 times the height of the bulb. Depending on the variety of fritillary and therefore the size of its bulbs, you actually know how deep to plant them: at 3 times its height!
• With a dibble or by hand, make the holes and position the bulbs.
• Place the bulbs tip up.
• Again depending on the variety, large or small fritillaries, space the bulbs 15 to 30 centimeters.
• Tamp with the back of a rake or with your foot without risking damaging the bulbs.
• Water.

Flowering period:

• The fritillaries will flower from March until June.

Interview :

• Watering: only in case of drought.

Other varieties of fritillary:

• Imperial fritillary, Fritillaria imperialis (Photo)

• Fritillaria orientalis Adams, Fritillaire de Caussols - from France to Greece
• Fritillaria nigra Mill. (Pyrenean fritillary) - Cévennes and Pyrenees
• Fritillaria involucrata All., Fritillaria involucre - South-West of the Alps
• Fritillaria tubiformis Gren. & Gordon, Fritillaire du Dauphiné - French Alps

• Fritillaria meleagris L., Guinea fowl fritillary - Central Europe

• Fritillaria conica Boiss. - Southern Greece
• Fritillaria davisii Turill - South Greece
• Fritillaria ehrhartii Boiss. & Orph. - Greece

• Fritillaria drenovskii Degen & Stoyanoff - Balkans
• Fritillaria graeca Boiss. & Spruner - Balkans

• Fritillaria affinis Pursh - from southwestern Canada to northern California
• Fritillaria agrestis Greene - California
• Fritillaria atropurpurea Nuttall - Western United States

• Fritillaria messanensis - Balkans and North Africa (var. Atlantica Maire)

Agrees with

• Plant silver bindweed with ornamental garlic, cleomes, amaranth ...

The fritillary with or without a garden

In the garden : In a perennial bed or in a wild nature garden
Without garden: The fritillary lends itself relatively well to planting in pots, pay attention to drainage and the peculiarities of certain varieties.

We recapitulate, the fritillary in the ornamental garden:

• Cycle: perennial
• Hardiness: rustic
• Foliage: lapsed
• Flowering: March to June
• Color : many colors and patterns
• Type of soil: sandy, light and cool
• Sowing:
• Plantation: in autumn, in October.
• Interview : pay attention to humidity, exclusive watering in case of drought
• Exhibition: sun to partial shade
• Use : massive and wild garden

Quick sheet:

#PlantPerformance #PlanteRustique #PlantFlower #Perfume

Wikipedia photo credit - - Fritillaria imperialis ‘Rubra Maxima’


Sometimes nicknamed "silver star" because of its shape and origins, edelweiss is above all a perennial mountain plant. Its woolly flowers and silvery foliage can be seen in the wild mainly in the Alps, the Pyrenees or the Carpathians.

Although it grows ideally at an altitude of 2000-3000 meters, it is also cultivated in plain, pot or rock gardens. Belonging to the Asteraceae family, edelweiss comes in 35 species.

  • Scientific name : Leontopodium alpinum
  • Family: Asteraceae
  • Flower color:White flowers
  • Plantation:Planting in March, Planting in April
  • Exhibition:Sun
  • Soil type: Poor, Dry, Limestone
  • Use :In rockery, In pot, In planter
  • Flowering:Flowering in May, Flowering in June, Flowering in July, Flowering in August, Flowering in September
  • Foliage:Lapsed
  • Diseases, pests: Snails, Slugs, Aphids
  • Watering: Moderate
  • Longevity: Perennial
  • Height: 15-20 cm

Theedelweiss, also called "silver star" or "glacier star" is a mountain flower. Originally from Siberia, it would have been imported during the Quaternary ice age. Its name edelweiss comes from the German words "edel" meaning noble and "weiss" which means white.

The edelweiss found in garden centers is the same as those that grow in high mountains, but its flower is less impressive than in the wild. In Switzerland, edelweiss has been cultivated for many years for its antioxidant properties. It is used in particular in the manufacture of anti-aging creams. Edelweiss is also believed to have anti-inflammatory properties. In France, it is now a protected species and picking it in the plains and alpine mountains is prohibited. The edelweiss is edible and is used in particular for making desserts.

What is a dwarf fruit tree?

Our varieties of dwarf fruit trees were created and selected for their growth measured at very short internodes and their naturally compact habit,without sacrificing their ability to produce fruit. These are not varieties grafted onto a dwarfing rootstock or treated with a product that would artificially slow their development. Depending on the size applied, they grow as a bushy bush or as a small tree with a short trunk.

Depending on the varieties, dwarf fruit trees are sold without root ball (bare roots) and resting in vegetation, or in a jar. They are more or less branched on delivery. We offer several varieties of dwarf fruit trees:

Fruit production takes an average of 2 to 5 years depending on each variety. Patience of the gardener always rewarded! Despite their small development, these dwarf trees produce abundantly and alone because all are self-fertile !

Thanks to their moderate development, these dwarf fruit trees are perfect in small gardens, just like the older ones. Plant dwarf fruit trees in isolated, orchards, fruit hedges, vegetable garden borders, flower beds, etc.

They also grow very well in a large pot at least 50 cm deep and in diameter. Ideal for cultivating fruit trees even without a garden, on its terrace or balcony !

Maintenance of sorrel


Every year, to help your sorrel to develop well, we advise you to bring a little potting soil around the feet. Over the year, we recommend doing 4 foliar fertilization made with seaweed on your sorrel.


If you see really low temperatures, we recommend that you set up a mulching at the foot of your sorrel to help it through the winter. Think of hoe and to weed regularly around sorrel to help it grow. If necessary, water your plants often.


  • 1 Description
  • 2 Classification
    • 2.1 Main species
      • 2.1.1 European flora
      • 2.1.2 Asian flora
      • 2.1.3 West American flora
  • 3 Culture
  • 4 Symbolic
    • 4.1 Republican calendar
  • 5 Bibliography
  • 6 External links
  • 7 Notes and references

Fritillaries are geophytes with a scaly bulb. The bulbs of many of them have only two large scales.

The flowers, often isolated or in small numbers, are placed at the top of a stalk of varying size. Among other exceptions is the Persian fritillary, Fritillaria persica, which bears a cluster of up to 30 flowers atop a stem that can reach 1.2 m in height.

The flowers generally campanulate and pendulous, sometimes more or less erect and star-shaped, have 6 similar tepals, 6 stamens and a superior ovary ending in a deciduous style divided or not into 3 stigmas. The tepals, often two-colored or with a checkerboard pattern, have a nectary at their base, which gives off a more or less pleasant scent. The flowers are pollinated by bees, wasps and flies, and even, for some American species, by hummingbirds.

The fruit, a 3-cell capsule, has 6 rows of ova that evolve into flattened, brown seeds.

The leaves, which are arranged along the stem, are opposite or alternate, sometimes in whorls (Fritillaria involucrata and Fritillaria imperialis), and are of variable shape: narrow, lanceolate or obovate, even spatulate.

Many species have a variable coloring of the tepals and a variable arrangement of the leaves according to the biotope where they grow, which does not facilitate their nomenclature. Many species have been described under different names and the number of species varies according to the authors, some taxa being considered by some as species in their own right and by others as subspecies or simple varieties. .

Some Asian species, especially Fritillaria stenanthera, Fritillaria gibbosa and Fritillaria sewerzowii, were formerly placed in the separate genres Rhinopetalum Fish. ex D.Don and Korolkovia Regel. These genres are currently considered obsolete by most authors.

DNA analysis of American species shows that they are close to both the genus Lilium and old world species. Various authors therefore propose to place them in a separate genre, the genre Amblirion Raf.

Video: How to plant Fritillaria imperialis or Crown Imperial bulbs -