How to grow corn in a risky farming zone. Part 2

How to grow corn in a risky farming zone. Part 2

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On some aspects of corn farming in a greenhouse

About the features of the root system

The roots of maize are very strong, and in large numbers are located horizontally in all directions within a radius of up to 1 meter. At the beginning of the development of the plant, the roots actively grow mainly in the upper layers of the soil, and then they can penetrate into depths of up to 1-2 m (if, of course, there is a deep arable layer).

In parallel with this, the formation of small roots continues in the upper soil layers. In addition, at the beginning of flowering in maize, additional aerial roots are formed, which are also introduced into the soil.

Therefore, to ensure the effective operation of the entire root system, it is necessary to perform a number of agrotechnical measures:

  1. The corn beds should be high enough.
  2. To maintain the soil in a loose state, it is necessary either to carry out regular loosening, or one or two mulching of the soil.
  3. Hilling corn at the moment of aerial roots formation is very effective, although it is possible to start hilling plants earlier.

Formation is tricky too

In our conditions, given the short warm period, it is advisable to carry out pinching, i.e. removal of lateral shoots when they reach a height of about 15 cm. During the summer, corn is stepson about 2-3 times (as new shoots appear). With good care and sufficient light space, some of the strongest stepchildren can be left - about 1-2-3 on each plant.

Pickling significantly reduces the percentage of unripe ears, which is extremely important in cool climates. It should be borne in mind that under such conditions on a separate plant develops and reaches milk ripeness 1-2, at most, 3 ears. Therefore, keeping more stepchildren will only drastically reduce your harvest.

Corn diseases

To be honest, it’s safer not to know about corn diseases: their range is too wide. Especially annoying are the numerous fungal diseases that actively develop when rainy cold weather sets in. However, subject to practically the same preventive measures (to which we are used to growing no less "harmful" tomatoes and cucumbers), the appearance and spread of corn ailments can be completely avoided.

Among the main preventive measures:

  • decrease in moisture in the greenhouse (good ventilation, sprinkling the soil with coal powder or pieces of coal to absorb excess moisture);
  • combating destructive condensation;
  • increasing plant immunity by weekly spraying with the drug "Immunocytophyte"; carrying out foliar dressing with preparations of the "New Ideal" type.

On pollination and on cobs with voids

To understand the reasons for poor-quality corn pollination, you need to know a little about its biological characteristics.

  1. Pollination of flowers in maize is carried out by the wind.
  2. Male flowers (panicles) bloom 7-10 days earlier than female flowers on the same plant and bloom within 5-6 days. Consequently, by the time the female flowers bloom on the same plant, the male flowers are already fading.
  3. Pollination of female flowers with pollen from the same plant (i.e., self-pollination) is observed in maize very rarely (no more than 5% of cases). The virtual absence of self-pollinated ears is a completely natural phenomenon. The reason is simple: usually the flowering of a panicle on a particular corn plant ends before the ear appears on it, which means that the ear simply cannot be pollinated with a panicle from its plant.

As a result, one can name a whole complex of reasons for poor-quality pollination of female flowers and the formation as a result of half-empty ears (ears in which the grains are interspersed with voids). Some of them, one might say, are classic, because are also true for other cultures. Some are very specific.

Poor pollination can be caused by:

  1. Unfavorable conditions during flowering: high temperature (above 30 ° C), dry soil and low air humidity. in such conditions, the pollen dries quickly and loses the ability to fertilize.
  2. Unsuccessful arrangement of plants, which are preferable to plant in 5-6 rows, and not in one (in a greenhouse, the option of 5-6 rows is unacceptable). If corn plants are too far from each other, then in this case, the possibility of male pollen getting on the pistils of female flowers is reduced to a minimum. This means that the only way is artificial pollination.
  3. To carry out artificial pollination, you need to manually transfer pollen with gauze from male flowers to female flowers at the beginning of flowering. For such purposes, it is very convenient to use an old fluffy brush for applying blush (I think the fair half will understand me). You will have to repeat this event several times. In addition, it is necessary to regularly spray with stimulants of fruit formation "Gibbersib", "Bud" or "Ovary".

And finally, the long-awaited cleaning

The length of the growing season for maize ranges from 90 to 150 days, depending on the variety and growing conditions. The milky ripeness of the cobs occurs 80-105 days after the emergence of shoots.

The cobs are harvested selectively as they ripen. Typical signs of the readiness of the cob for collection can be considered: yellowing of its wrapper, tight fitting of the cob with integumentary leaves, drying out along the edges of the covering leaf blades, browning of the pistil filaments of the cob.

You should not be late with harvesting, since corn does not withstand even weak autumn frosts, and the delay in harvesting reduces the overall yield.

And now a little about the culinary intricacies.

Corn cobs in milky ripeness are always pre-boiled before adding the grains to various dishes. The ear is boiled without removing the leaves from it. For cooking, it is dipped in boiling salted water and kept on low heat while boiling for 15 minutes. After cooking, the cobs are thrown into a colander, and after cooling, the leaves are removed and the grains are carefully cleaned, which will go into the intended dish.

And there is a great variety of dishes with milk-ripeness corn. First of all, these are all kinds of salads, stews and soups

For the winter, lightly boiled corn (4-5 minutes) can be frozen and then used in the usual way. It is possible to add corn to various blanks. At one time, for example, I made lecho only with corn. It is prepared in the same way, but it looks more original, and it tastes better.

In our family, as a rule, corn is used to make salads. I will give a couple of salad recipes.

Summer salad with corn

Boil the corn in the usual way. Simultaneously boil the potatoes in their "uniforms", peel and chop. Chop 1 fresh cucumber, 1-2 tomatoes and 1 boiled egg. Add finely chopped herbs and some green onions. Stir all the ingredients, season with sour cream and add salt to taste.

Corn salad with crab sticks

Boil the corn in the usual way, chop the crab sticks. Boil 2 eggs hard-boiled and grind them thoroughly. Mix all the ingredients, add finely chopped parsley and season with sour cream or mayonnaise. Add salt to taste.

Svetlana Shlyakhtina,
Yekaterinburg city


Information

Hello everyone! We have an important announcement!
Now I want to talk about the results and reviews of the releases of the 1st season
(about the "practical experience of creating a family estate" playlist here: https://www.youtube.com/playlist?list=PLMbqXyBROTGrcP ..) Show in full.
Work on bugs. And to say that we are already thinking and preparing for the next one!

We will make the new season an order of magnitude better, improve literally everything!
And we want to ask the community for support!
Announce People's Fundraising or Crowdfunding!
We talk more about this in the video for this post.

Anatoly and I made a rough plan of what we need .. and above all, we need this kind of equipment:
1. Powerful computer for work in 4k resolution (main load!)
2. Good quality sound (2 radio buttonholes, 1 additional receiver, 1-2 recorders)
3. Hard drives (2 x 4TB can be more)
4. Light (the ring lamp has already appeared, + 1 special floodlight and a street reflector are needed)
5. Movie tripod (2 available, 1 more for the third camera)
6. Small consumables (batteries for buttonholes, wires, etc.)

Plus, we will ask you to help raise funds for a trip to another settlement in order to film a few more episodes there!
The whole list itself will be difficult to pull and stretch, and the season is coming soon.

Ideally, you need to collect 100-150 tons.
And it is desirable to master it in the next month or two!
Sound !, hard disk drives - it would be nice to buy.
Next is the computer. The rest is already possible.

If you like our films and have a desire / opportunity to support us, we will be very happy:
Sberbank. by tied tel. +7 920 926 5782
Or by card number 4276 8100 1804 4603 (Alexander Alexandrovich H.).
If another method is more convenient for you, then write to Anatoly in a personal https://vk.com/anatolyekarpov I only have a SB card.

What can we guarantee:
We will make a report on what we have collected and what we spent!
We will try to shoot at least 10 and if you get 20 episodes!
Let's make a thank you caption! And most importantly, we will make many useful issues about the experience of real practitioners!
Thank you all for your attention! And for your support!

How to grow your first tomatoes and cucumbers early?
This video is just about that.
Cooking seeds and talking about early harvest in the greenhouse!
How to grow it in the middle zone (zone of risky farming) Show in full.
From the seed to the ripening of the fruit.

How to warm, protect, plant, form seedlings? How much to plant? and the difference in approaches in the greenhouse and in the open field.

Read more about garden wisdom from Irina Khanina Our "Wonderful Garden"
Family nursery

This year there are many more interesting things on the topic of "Garden wisdom"!

Hello, friends!
The fourth video from a series of issues about the practice of creating family homesteads has been released!
Visiting Alexander and Irina Khanin senior, PRP Ladnoe, Vladimir region.
The issue has turned out to be very long, so it comes out in two parts! Show in full.

A very powerful video turned out!
Filled with experience and achievements for 16 years of life on earth, and this is not very fertile and difficult soil! Where to dig a pond because of sandstones close to the surface is not an easy task and more watering is required.
There are a lot of interesting things about the vegetable garden, greenhouses and seeds ..
It is worth highlighting their work in the field of selection, zoning and selection of the best seed stock of basic garden crops and labor in search of smarter alternatives and solutions from those that can be grown. It could be said in a shorter way - "Why was it possible?)"
Well, by tradition, let's talk about arrangement, construction and other topics close to us.
Friends, useful and informative viewing!

Themes and sections of the issue (1 part):

- Introduction
- Acquaintance. Layout - Initial Development
- Longline living fence, conifers
- Vegetable garden. Approach to plants. Box ridges, composting. Seeds!
- Greenhouses. Grapes inside and outside
- How much bread to plant? Self-sufficiency ..
- In the back of the garden .. The first vegetable garden, a pond. Gounod grapes
- Bone garden
- About construction .. Adobe house

Continued in the second part. (Will appear in a couple of days)
In the second part, we moved the philosophical part of the video ..
The question of community and settlement. There are also thoughts, reasoning, dreams on this and other topics of interest to us. Let's remember the old, let's talk about the future.
And the very final part of the fourth issue.

Alexander and Irina's YouTube channel:
https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCkcjokxhjiQKDKT4l4uf ..
Experience exchange group Our "Divny Sad" family nursery in the Republic of Poland

Project leader Anatoly Karpov
Also, the video about the practical experience of creating a Family estate is published in English, on the channel Anatoly Karpov. Volune 1: https://youtu.be/N6mRhP0VOR4


When to plant corn seeds for seedlings at home: timing

When is the best time to plant a crop in order to get the harvest? Sowing corn seedlings can be late, because it grows and develops very quickly. More precisely, the seeds are planted 30 days before the seedlings are planted in open ground. We are considering extremely cold regions, so the approximate sowing month is May.

In different regions, the timing of planting corn seeds for seedlings and planting in open ground differ:

  • In the Middle Lane (Moscow region) - you can plant at the end of April or at the very beginning of May, and plant in open ground - at the end of May, at the beginning of summer.
  • In Siberia, in the Urals, it is better to plant the culture at home in early May, and transplant it to the garden in early June.
  • In the Leningrad region - you can not rush to sowing, it is produced in the first decade of May, and seedlings are planted in the garden, respectively, in the first decade of June.

By the way!

When choosing the time for the procedure, you can focus on the timing of planting corn seedlings according to the Lunar calendar 2021:

  • Auspicious days:
    • in March: 5, 6, 10, 11, 20, 21, 24, 25
    • in April: 15, 17
    • in May: 13, 14, 15, 16, 17
    • in June: 11, 12, 13, 14, 15.
  • Unfavorable days:
    • in March: 12, 28
    • in April: 11, 26
    • in May: 11, 26
    • in June: 10, 24.

A site about a garden, a summer residence and houseplants.

Some neglect advice from the risky farming area.

But let's think logically: if these tips work in harsh climatic conditions, then you are guaranteed to be with the harvest - the main thing is to apply someone else's experience wisely, with amendments to local conditions!


Gardening in the northeast of the Leningrad region - features of agricultural technology of fruit and berry crops and floriculture - If the climate is harsh - 2

In winter, in Lodeynopolsky and Podporozhsky districts, there are often strong frosts and strong winds. Therefore, the growing season of plants is shortened. Here spring comes later and winter comes earlier, there is little fertile soil. Therefore, there are almost no gardens here. They freeze out in harsh winters. In the spring, you also need to harvest needles, last year's leaves, rags for smoking in case of frost.

For gardening, first of all, it is required to thoroughly improve the soil. To do this, it is lime, cultivated by the introduction of compost from household waste, branches, grass, leaves, sawdust, wood chips and even paper, mineral fertilizers and ash, fresh manure. Siderata are sown - lupine, phacelia. Lime and fertilizers are applied according to the needs of each crop. This is taken into account when laying planting holes, since then it is almost impossible to correct the error. Lime is introduced into the soil 1-2 years before mineral fertilizers. As a last resort, lime - in the fall, and mineral fertilizers - in the spring.

With the joint application of lime and phosphorus fertilizers, the availability of phosphorus decreases in them, in nitrogen fertilizers, nitrogen is lost, in the presence of lime, potassium is less assimilated by plants, and some trace elements pass into insoluble compounds. To lighten the structure of the soil, sanding is carried out with the simultaneous introduction of organic fertilizers. Spread them before loosening and digging. A lot of ash is introduced, which enriches the soil with potassium, calcium, trace elements, and reduces its acidity.

The winter varieties of apple trees grown in the Non-Chernozem zone do not grow here. Therefore, gardeners grow mainly small-fruited Chinese women and ranetki. At the same time, some of them grow apple-weevils. These are apple trees grown from the seeds of northern winter-hardy varieties. Of course, this is a laborious and lengthy way of obtaining varietal apple trees.But it is known that fruit trees that have grown from seeds, that is, self-rooted, more easily adapt to harsh climatic conditions than grafted ones, although they enter fruiting later - at 12-15 years. They are winter-hardy, and their life expectancy is higher. This is a unique opportunity to grow a garden with beautiful large-fruited apples. All that is needed is desire, time and patience.

Steppe cherry is also grown here, it is also called shrub, Siberian, Ural, Samara. Indeed, this is a low-growing shrub - usually 40-80 cm tall, sometimes this cherry grows up to 3 meters. Its most valuable property is winter hardiness. According to this property, it ranks first among cherries. In addition, wild cherry is drought-resistant due to the deep bedding of the root system. Fruits are sweet and sour, tart, practically unsuitable for fresh consumption. But they can be used for various types of processing. High yield, short stature, ability to give root shoots made it popular.

Selected forms of steppe cherry, its interspecific hybrids served as material for the creation of varieties that are valuable for the conditions of northern gardening: Grednevskaya, Tagilka, Zvezdochka, Mayak, Schedraia and others.

Gardeners grow fruit crops here mainly in a creeping form. Such trees are winter-hardy, since the branches are preserved under the snow, they can grow in low places. They are easy to protect during flowering in case of frost. The plate-bush-like (northern) form, arctic, minusinsk, melon-creeping, Krasnoyarsk (two-shouldered) form are widespread here.

The high level of groundwater forces all fruit and berry crops to be planted in these areas on hills and embankments. Hills are built up to 60 cm in height, that is, their height corresponds to the depth of conventional planting pits. Usually the hills are arranged without removing the sod. Under these conditions, enthusiastic gardeners grow currants, strawberries, winter-hardy varieties of apple trees, sea buckthorn. True, northern agriculture does not yield positive results every year. In severe winters, branches in the upper part of the crown freeze slightly without shelter. A good way to preserve plants is to install a box of planks, mesh or plastic film around the bush in the fall at a distance of 50-70 cm from the trunk.The height of the box is up to 1.5 m.When the first stable frosts of at least 5-10 degrees begin, the box is tightly packed with straw ... In this state, the plant hibernates.

In case of damage from low temperatures, the entire crown is cut off above the sheltered place. The non-frozen part of the tree completely restores the crown in a year. At the same time, a small yield is preserved in the lower protected part of the tree, especially with an improved bush cultivation.

But man does not live by bread alone.

Long winter, lack of vitamins, longing for greenery, natural craving for the earth encourages many to create flower beds. Perseverance and knowledge helps to adapt to local conditions and achieve excellent results.

It is difficult to create a beautiful flower garden in cold climates. Therefore, container plants and indoor flowers are very popular here. When the danger of spring frosts has passed, they are taken out into the air. The benefits are twofold: the plants grow luxuriantly, gain strength, bloom brightly and profusely. The site is colored with bright splashes of geraniums, begonias, fuchsias and other beautiful plants.

To enhance the decorative effect, they are placed in ceramic pots, wooden containers made of slats or in other containers that hide the pots and also protect the earth from drying out. Hanging baskets and vases on stands look especially elegant. The ampelous flower decorations are impeccable. Most often, in sunny places, protected from the wind, there is ivy-leaved pelargonium with cascading shoots up to 1 m long, which is surprisingly good in wall hanging vases. Tuberous begonia with numerous hanging stems covered with flowers is very beautiful. With good care, the flower reaches 7 cm in diameter. They form a whole cascade of yellow, orange or pink buds.

Fuchsia grows successfully in shady places. Gardens are decorated with a wide variety of nettles, coleus, campanula, succulents and other flowers. Caring for indoor plants in the air is complicated by more frequent watering, since the soil in pots dries out faster than at home.

Berry and ornamental shrubs are very popular here. Common lilacs with bluish-purple or white flowers are grown everywhere. It grows in gardens, in gardens, on lawns, along roads.

In a sharply continental climate, only winter-hardy plants that are resistant to sudden temperature changes live.

This region is also rich in medicinal plants typical for the Leningrad region, so there is no point in listing them. But I will dwell on one remarkable plant separately - burdock burdock with its large leaves. It is very convenient to wrap garden greens and flowers in them in several layers when transporting them from the dacha. These leaves help keep greens fresh for several days. Locals wrap cheese, fish, meat in burdock leaves. They also close cans with blanks. They use burdock for sunburn, tie it with leaves instead of bandages. People who do not tolerate heat put a burdock leaf with the green side to the head under the headdress on the crown of the head. As a result, they are not afraid of the most intense heat.


Regulation of the duration of fruiting

It is with the strawberry variety "Sudarushka" that the peculiarity of agricultural technology is associated, which allows farmers to increase or adjust the terms of fruiting. Such tricks in growing strawberries are needed to produce berries in a time frame that goes beyond the limits defined by the characteristics of the variety.

How to get ahead of time?

To force the culture to bloom and bear fruit one and a half to two weeks earlier, the plantation is covered with a black film. Under it, the snow melts faster, the ground warms up earlier - the growing cycle starts ahead of schedule. The farmer comes out with a fragrant product ahead of competitors.

Where are the brakes on strawberries?

Inhibition of plant development is used in order to get the main crop when other strawberries have declined. To do this, on the contrary, they try to protect the beds from the sun, the earth from warming up. To do this, before winter, the plantings are covered with a thick layer of straw. In winter, mulch protects plants from frost. In spring, the rays take longer to reach the ground to wake up the strawberry bushes.

How to stretch the pleasure?

Seriously engaged in strawberry business, they combine three cultivation methods:

  1. Part of the plantation is stimulated for an early growing season.
  2. A third of the plantings live according to normal natural time.
  3. The rest are of the third, restraining type.

Sudarushka strawberries feel comfortable indoors - in heated greenhouses they are grown in streams all year round.


Watch the video: Corn Silage: Part 2 Equipment Settings and Safety