Yellow-fruited zucchini on the plots of Russian gardeners are still relatively rare. Many simply do not take the risk of growing suspicious exoticism, fearing in advance its capriciousness and exactingness in care. However, the cultivation of yellow-fruited zucchini is not much different from the cultivation of all the usual varieties with white and dark green skin. They look much more elegant, and their flesh is more juicy and fibrous. Such fruits are well suited for dietary and baby food, as well as for those who suffer from allergies.
Popular varieties of yellow zucchini
The number of varieties of zucchini with yellow skin is much less than that of white and green-fruited. But as the culture gains popularity, the number increases. Russian breeders are also quite successful in this area.
This early zucchini variety got its name for the characteristic shape of the fruit, which thickens towards the base. The growing season is 40–55 days, the bushes bear fruit until September. Mature zucchini are not too large - about 23–25 cm long, 10–12 cm thick and 0.9–1.2 kg in weight. The firm flesh is darker than the skin. It is deep orange in color and has a pleasant aroma. It looks and tastes more like a pumpkin. It gives the maximum possible yields when grown in the European part of Russia.
Pear-shaped squash looks and tastes more like a pumpkin than a squash
The variety is excellent for long-term storage, during which the skin does not wrinkle and does not "dub", and the pulp does not lose its juiciness. It is immune to most common cultural diseases. The bushes are not very compact; when planted, they leave 60–65 cm between them. The variety reacts negatively to prolonged drought, especially during flowering and fruiting, and therefore needs regular watering.
One of the popular hybrids of the mid-early ripening period, the State Register considers the Central Chernozem region to be the most suitable for its cultivation. The growing season is 46–52 days. Golda belongs to the zucchini group. The peel of a mature vegetable is very bright, golden-orange, weakly pronounced ribs are palpable. The pulp is light, usually yellowish cream or butter shade. Has a sweetish taste. This is due to the high sugar content and the healthful antioxidants called carotenoids.
Zucchini is a new, early ripening, high-yielding squash native to Italy. Its difference from ordinary zucchini lies in the almost complete absence of branching and compactness of the bushes, as well as in the weak pubescence of cuttings and leaves.
The Gold F1 zucchini hybrid has large fruits, but this does not affect the taste in any way.
The size of the fruits (they reach a weight of 2.5–3 kg and a length of 50–55 cm) does not in any way affect the taste. The skin remains thin and the flesh is tender and juicy. It is quite possible to eat it raw, but for this it is better to remove unripe fruits that have reached a length of 15–20 cm, weighing about 0.5 kg.
Bushes are powerful, spreading. The hybrid is distinguished by high yield and keeping quality, practically not affected by peronosporosis, zucchini tolerate transportation well, including over long distances. Thanks to these qualities, this variety is appreciated not only by amateur gardeners, but also by professional farmers.
Gold Rush F1
Mid-early Dutch hybrid. Zucchini mature in 47-52 days. The bushes are squat, powerful and compact. The leaves themselves are very beautiful, deep dark green, as if delicate. Possesses "innate" immunity to peronosporosis.
Zucchini Gold Rush F1 has a genetically built-in immunity to one of the most dangerous diseases for culture - peronosporosis
Fruits are small - 16–20 cm long and weighing only 200–220 g. They are located in a heap, from a distance resembling a bunch of small bananas. The shape is correct, cylindrical. The skin is bright, saffron yellow. The pulp is light, vanilla-creamy, very tender, literally melts in your mouth. Seeds are practically absent.
The hybrid gives maximum yields in a fairly light sandy loam or loamy soil. He loves warmth, so in Russia it is grown mainly in regions with a subtropical climate. During flowering and the formation of ovaries, the variety needs abundant watering. With a standard planting scheme, the average yield is 10–12 kg / m².
The subtropical regions of Russia include the North Caucasian republics, the Lower Volga region, as well as the Republic of Crimea and the city of Sevastopol. On the map of Russia, they are all part of the Southern Federal District.
One of the most popular varieties of Russian selection, highly valued mainly for its yield. Belongs to the category of courgettes-zucchini. In Russia, the variety is grown wherever gardening is possible. The state register considers Western Siberia, the Black Sea region and the North Caucasus to be the most suitable regions for its cultivation.
The growing season of the squash is 42–45 days from the moment of emergence, but in cold weather it can stretch for 60–65 days. The average fruit length is 18-22 cm, the approximate weight is 1 kg or a little more, but it can vary between 0.8-1.8 kg. The color of the thin skin fully justifies the name. It is covered with a rough terracotta mesh. The pulp is pale yellow, characterized by a low sugar content - no more than 2.5%.
Yellow-fruited zucchini is one of the most popular varieties with a similar skin color among Russian gardeners.
The variety rarely suffers from peronosporosis, anthracnose and all types of rot. Of fertilizers, he prefers natural organic matter. Average yield is 8-9 kg / m². The bushes are quite powerful, when planted, they leave 70–75 cm between them. The leaves are large, there are many of them, so experienced gardeners advise removing a few pieces in the center when the bushes begin to gain color. This promotes better pollination and formation of ovaries.
Zolotinka - early ripening zucchini. This is one of the "old and well-deserved" varieties of domestic selection, known to gardeners since the 80s of the last century, as well as the first successful experiment in this area. Recommended by the State Register for growing in the open field without restrictions on the region. The growing season is 45-50 days.
The skin is bright yellow: it acquires this shade gradually, as the fruit ripens. The pulp is dark orange, crispy, very dense, retains this quality even during heat treatment, without losing color. That is why Zolotinka zucchini is perfect for all kinds of homemade preparations. In addition, he has a very unusual taste - these zucchini can be easily confused with cucumbers.
Variety Zolotinka is the first successful experiment of Soviet breeders in the field of creating yellow-fruited zucchini
The zucchini themselves are not large, each weighing about 600-900 g. If allowed to outgrow, the taste will deteriorate significantly. Fruits 8-10 cm long can be preserved whole. The average yield is 5–7 kg per bush. There are much more female flowers on the plant than male flowers, so fruiting lasts for several months.
The bushes are compact, but lashes can form closer to the beginning of autumn. The variety is sensitive to excess nitrogen in the soil. If you overdo it with fertilizers, keeping quality and taste will suffer. Zolotinka is immune to powdery mildew, but often suffers from insect pests.
This variety of zucchini zucchini comes from Transnistria. In Russia, the State Register recommends zucchini for cultivation in the Central Region. Belongs to the category of early maturing varieties - the growing season is 40–55 days. The exact ripening time of the crop depends on the weather in summer.
The best time for sowing the Helena variety in the beds is May.
Fruits are regular cylindrical in shape, weigh on average 600-950 g with a length of 18-22 cm and a diameter of 5-7 cm. The skin is orange-yellow, the flesh is yellowish-cream. It is thin but very durable. Seeds are practically absent. Zucchini are often affected by powdery mildew and white rot, but are immune to downy mildew and bacteriosis. The bush is formed in the form of a whip.
French early ripe hybrid zucchini from the famous company Clause. The growing season is 42–47 days. It is valued mainly for its taste and resistance to most diseases typical for the culture. The bushes are compact. Fruits are small - 15-18 cm long, 4-6 cm in diameter. The skin is golden-yellow, glossy-shiny, thin. There are practically no seeds. The pulp is snow-white, dense, but juicy. Differs in a high content of carotene.
Unlike other yellow-fruited zucchini, Sunlight F1 is quite picky about growing conditions, but this is more than compensated for by its taste.
The variety shows high yields only in suitable conditions: in the presence of a sufficiently warm summer, regular watering and a bed well-lit by the sun. Therefore, in Russia, the variety is grown mainly in the southern regions. Resistant to common culture diseases, especially viral. Zucchini are well stored and do not lose their presentable appearance for a long time.
One of the latest selection innovations. It is characterized by high productivity and a short growing season of 40–46 days. The variety successfully adapts to various weather and climatic conditions, therefore it can be grown in most of the territory of Russia, suitable for gardening. The bushes are compact, most of the flowers are female. The leaves are large, covered with vague pale yellow spots.
Pineapple squash is one of the latest achievements of Russian breeders
Ripe fruits are elongated and weigh approximately 650-800 g each. Even those that are not ripped off in time do not outgrow. The skin is soft, bright, orange-yellow. The pulp is a little lighter, there are very few seeds. The taste is excellent.
A very unusual early maturing hybrid. The first fruits can be removed within a month after germination. These zucchini cannot be confused with other varieties due to their characteristic spherical shape. The diameter of a mature vegetable is 12–15 cm. The skin looks like an orange one, from which the variety took its name. Best suited for growing in the European part of Russia, but crops can be obtained in the Urals, Siberia, and the Far East.
Due to the original appearance of the Orange F1 zucchini, it is completely impossible to confuse with any other
The pulp is very tender and juicy, bright yellow, sweetish in taste. Due to their unusual appearance and excellent taste, zucchini are widely used in the kitchen for preparing salads, cold snacks and stuffing.
Professional tasters and gourmets note a light nutty aftertaste in the Orange F1 variety.
The bushes are quite powerful, but compact, without long lashes. They are watered exclusively at the root to avoid the development of rot. The variety cannot boast of a high yield (4–5 kg per bush), zucchini not removed in time quickly overripe, the taste deteriorates greatly, the seeds coarse and germinate. Fruiting continues until mid-autumn.
Video: zucchini varieties Orange F1
Delicate marshmallow F1
A hybrid with unique flavors. It rightfully belongs to gourmet varieties. The zucchini also looks very unusual - the fruits are long, thin, the lower part (about a third) is painted in a pale green color, which changes sharply to sunny yellow. For fresh consumption, remove fruits that have reached a length of 10–12 cm. Their flesh is especially tender. It is similar in color to marshmallows, and sweetish in taste, which gave rise to the name.
The lower part of the zucchini Delicate marshmallow F1 is painted in a pale green color, which is a distinctive feature of this variety.
The variety is picky about the quality of the soil: it does not tolerate even a short drought. It is grown mainly by seedlings. It is advisable to prepare the planting bed in the fall, introducing organic fertilizers into it in advance. Zucchini are distinguished by good keeping quality and good yield (7–8 kg per bush). The growing season is 45–48 days. The variety brings the maximum possible yields in warm southern regions.
A variety of medium ripening. The fruits are large, weighing 1.6–2.2 kg. They resemble a mace in shape due to their thickening towards the base. The pulp is tender, sweet, creamy yellow. Suitable for raw consumption. The bushes are powerful, when planted between the plants they leave about 70 cm.
Zucchini Golden scallop ripens in 55-60 days
The variety is resistant to most diseases typical for the culture. It brings the maximum possible yields in sandy loam or loamy soil. In Russia, it can be grown everywhere, wherever the climate allows.
A popular early variety of Russian selection. The growing season is 40-50 days. The state register is recommended for cultivation in the European part of Russia, Western Siberia and the Far East.
Zucchini Anchor has long been successfully cultivated practically throughout Russia.
Zucchini are quite thick and have the shape of a rounded cylinder. Average weight - 900-1200 g. The skin is thin, yellowish. The pulp is almost white, with a pleasant taste. The bushes are compact, the lashes are formed very rarely, there are few leaves.
The Anchor variety is loved by many gardeners for its drought resistance. This variety is especially suitable for those who come to the site only for the weekend.
The variety is distinguished by keeping quality, tolerates transportation well, is not afraid of cool weather and heat, and is resistant to drought. Average yield - 7-10 kg per bush. A significant drawback is poor resistance to common diseases. Especially often the Anchor suffers from powdery mildew and all types of rot.
A new Japanese hybrid zucchini, which quickly gained popularity among Russian gardeners due to its early maturity (the growing season is 35–40 days) and high yield (10–12 kg / m²). The state register is recommended for cultivation in the North Caucasus region, but it is successfully cultivated throughout Russia.
The fruits of the Yasmin F1 zucchini hybrid are small, but there are a lot of them
The bushes of the variety are squat, compact, the fruits ripen in large quantities. The zucchini themselves are aligned, cylindrical in shape. The skin is bright yellow, the flesh is creamy, it is characterized by a high content of carotene. The average weight of the fruit is 500–650 g, length - 20–22 cm. For fresh consumption, remove zucchini weighing 150–200 g. Do not let them overripe, otherwise the skin will quickly crack. The variety is resistant to diseases, especially viral ones.
In central Russia, Yasmin F1 is best grown by seedlings. The soil is preferable light, loose, foliar feeding is needed. During flowering and ovary formation, it is important not to flood the bushes so that the fruits do not start to rot. The place for the garden must be chosen sunny.
A very interesting culture, which some gardeners consider a kind of pumpkin, and others - a kind of squash. The name comes from the English phrase crooked neck and is due to the very unusual shape of the fruit. They are elongated, thickening towards the base and twisted at the stalk. In the same place, they noticeably bend. The growing season is 50-60 days. The plant is very light and heat-loving, does not tolerate frost. It is often affected by powdery mildew. In Russia, it is grown mainly in regions with a warm subtropical climate.
The unusual curved shape and "bumpiness" of the zucchini looks strange and repulsive, but the delicious taste has won the favor of many gardeners
The color of the ripe fruit ranges from creamy yellow to bright orange. The skin is covered with wart-like growths. The pulp is dark orange, dense, but very delicate and sweetish in taste. The average fruit length is 15–20 cm, weight is 1.2–1.5 kg.
Collecting seeds for planting next year is useless. Kruknek is pollinated with all its "relatives" - zucchini, pumpkins, squash, located within a radius of 1 km from it. It is completely impossible to predict what will grow from such seeds.
Video: what Kruknek zucchini look like
What you need to know about growing a crop
There is nothing difficult in growing yellow-fruited zucchini. Even a novice gardener can do this. Depending on the climate and region, either seeds or seedlings are planted in open ground.
Garden bed preparation
For abundant fruiting, zucchini need warmth and sunlight. The most suitable place for the garden will be at the top of a gentle hill, oriented to the south or southeast.
Zucchini need nutritious soil, so they grow well, for example, on a compost heap
The soil is needed fertile, with a neutral acid-base balance. It is best to prepare the garden in the fall by digging deep into the appropriate area and adding all the necessary fertilizers. The peat substrate is "loosened" by adding coarse river sand, rotted humus or compost (10-15 l / m²), as well as sifted wood ash (25-30 g) and superphosphate (10-15 g). After that, the soil is dug up, watered with a solution of any biostimulant (Epin, Kornevin, potassium humate) and left until spring. Peat chips and humus (15–20 l / m²) are introduced into light sandy soil. If the soil is more or less suitable, they are limited to compost (about 10 liters) and fertilizers - superphosphate (50–70 g), potassium sulfate (25–40 g).
Zucchini does not tolerate sour soil categorically. Be sure to find out the indicator in advance, and if necessary, add dolomite flour, powdered eggshells or crushed chalk to the soil.
Dolomite flour is one of the most common deoxidizers that help neutralize high soil acidity.
The best predecessors for zucchini are any Legumes and Solanaceae, cabbage, radishes, onions, carrots, herbs. It is important to observe crop rotation. In one place, any Pumpkin is grown for a maximum of three years. If you are going to leave a few zucchini for seeds, place the garden bed as far as possible from plantings of cucumbers, pumpkins, squash. Zucchini are easily pollinated with all "relatives".
Seed preparation and planting
Seedlings of zucchini give quite quickly and amicably. But there are some nuances of growing seedlings that need to be taken into account. There is nothing complicated in the procedure itself; even a novice gardener can handle it.
- In order to increase germination, zucchini seeds are soaked for 2-3 days in a solution of any biostimulant (Kornevin, Heteroauxin, Zircon) or wrapped in a cloth soaked in the same means. Some gardeners practice hardening for 5-7 days: at night, the seeds are placed in the refrigerator, during the day they are kept in the warmest and brightest place in the apartment.
Soaking zucchini seeds for several days in a biostimulant solution helps to increase their germination
- Zucchini are planted on seedlings in the last days of April. Several seeds are placed in small pots (10–12 cm in diameter), half filled with soil, placing them on the "edge" and burying them into the substrate by about two-thirds. The pots are placed on the sill of a south-facing window and covered with foil. The optimum temperature that is desirable to maintain is 22-27 ºС during the day and 20-22 ºС at night. When shoots appear, only the strongest sprout is left.
For planting zucchini seeds, a universal soil for seedlings is quite suitable
- After 10-12 days, the container is poured to the brim with a well-moistened substrate, and the sprout is "screwed" into the soil so that only the lower pair of leaves remains above the surface.
- In the process of growth, seedlings are fed twice with a solution of complex mineral fertilizer. The first time - in 7-10 days after germination, the second - after the same period of time.
- The seedlings are ready for planting in 20-25 days. Such bushes already have 2-3 pairs of true leaves. A week before that, they begin to harden it, taking it out into the open air for several hours every day.
Seedlings from zucchini seeds appear quite quickly, after 5-7 days
- In the garden, holes are formed with a depth of 10–12 cm, several handfuls of humus are placed on the bottom, well watered with water at room temperature (1.5–2 liters per plant).
- The transplanted zucchini are covered with cut plastic bottles for 5-10 days - this way they take root faster. It is advisable not to thicken the planting - no more than two plants are placed per 1 m².
Hardening seedlings before transplanting outdoors helps to minimize transplanting stress on the plant
The absolute majority of zucchini varieties cannot tolerate frosts categorically. Therefore, seeds are planted in open ground only when the threat of recurrent spring cold weather is minimized. The best time for disembarkation is the end of May or the first decade of June. But in this case, it is advisable to cover the beds with a film, maintaining the temperature at least 18-22 ºС until the emergence of seedlings.
Planting zucchini in a checkerboard pattern saves space in the garden
Video: planting zucchini seeds for seedlings
Zucchini, especially early-ripening (and most yellow-fruited varieties belong to this category) are a moisture-loving culture. Before flowering, they are watered at least once every 5–7 days, spending 5–6 liters of water per plant. The normal development of the bush and its subsequent fruiting depends on this.
From the moment the flowers open until the first fruits ripen, the watering rate is increased to 8-10 liters per plant, the frequency of watering is reduced to once every 3-4 days.
The water must be warmed up. Fruit ovaries often rot from cold water. For the same reason, it is recommended to remove the remnants of petals from young fruits. The best time for the procedure is a few hours after sunset.
Zucchini are close relatives of cucumbers, fully sharing the latter's love of water
Each time after watering young plants, the soil is loosened, and the bed is weeded. To save time on this, it can be mulched with humus or freshly cut grass. When the leaves cover the soil, closing in a solid green carpet, the need for this procedure will disappear by itself.
During the season, three dressings are enough for yellow-fruited zucchini. For the first time, plants that have not yet formed buds are watered with a solution of complex fertilizer containing nitrogen (Nitrofosk, Ammofosk, Diammofosk) - 15–20 g per 10 liters of water. The norm is about 0.5 liters for each bush. An alternative would be an infusion of fresh cow dung or poultry manure, diluted with water, respectively, in a ratio of 1: 8 or 1:15.
Manure infusion is an effective and completely natural fertilizer
Blooming zucchini are watered with an infusion of wood ash or dandelion leaves, and sometimes nettle. Any weeds are suitable for its preparation.
Ripening fruits need phosphorus and potassium. 15–20 days after the second feeding, the zucchini are watered with a solution of superphosphate and potassium sulfate (15–20 g per 10 l of water) or complex fertilizers are used (Effekton, Gera, Chistaya leaf, Agricola, Zdraven).
Plants that have formed 4–5 pairs of true leaves are recommended to slightly huddle. This stimulates the development of lateral roots. So future fruits will receive more nutrition.
Video: tips for growing zucchini
Harvesting and storage
You need to collect yellow zucchini at least once every 3-4 days. There are varieties that do not overripe, but there are not many of them. For the rest, the skin quickly coarsens or cracks, and the taste deteriorates. Also, large fruits inhibit the development of new ovaries, which negatively affects the yield.
You need to collect zucchini from the bush regularly, this stimulates the formation of new fruit ovaries
The zucchini are cut from the bush with a sharply sharpened clean knife, leaving a part of the stalk 5–7 cm long. Under no circumstances should you pull, twist or pull the whip. The plant can be severely injured.
With rare exceptions, yellow-fruited zucchini quickly outgrow, due to which the taste of the pulp significantly deteriorates
Fruits intended for long-term storage are left in the sun for 5-7 days, periodically turning them over to warm them up evenly. Then they can be removed to the basement or cellar.
There is nothing difficult in growing yellow-fruited zucchini. At the same time, they look very cute and exotic. Any dishes and homemade preparations made from these vegetables immediately attract attention. The variety of varieties of domestic and foreign selection allows you to find the one that is right for you.