Blackberry Triple Crown came to us from America, where it was bred by breeders. The berry bush is characterized by high yield, excellent quality and fruit taste. Another feature is the absence of thorns on the bush. We'll talk more about this blackberry in our article.
Features of the blackberry variety
The Triple Crown blackberry variety ripens for a rather long time: the crop can be harvested at the end of July-August, in some territories - a week earlier.
The leaves of the plant have a bright grassy color and denticles along the edges. The stems of the culture are powerful, growing up to 3 meters. Even in the first year of its development cycle, the shoot can grow up to 2 meters.
The fruits form an aggregate that looks like a bunch of grapes. The berries themselves are large compared to other varieties, weighing up to 9 grams each. The fruits of the variety are round, black, and have a shine. The berries taste sweet with a slight sour aftertaste and small seeds inside them. The fruit is juicy with firm pulp and spicy cherry or plum notes on the palate.
In principle, blackberries cannot "bake" in the sun, and their fruits do not shrink even at late harvest. However, the culture is not resistant to cold or frost. Therefore, in winter, blackberries are "wrapped" for the winter.
Benefits of the blackberry variety
The blackberry variety has a number of strengths that can only be distinguished through comparison with other varieties.
So, Triple berries are much larger than, for example, Thornfree fruits. The ripeness of fruits, in comparison with the same standard, is practically the same. That is, the variety cannot be attributed to the early ones. However, you can harvest faster by properly cutting the bush and growing berries in regions with a warm climate. You can shorten the ripening period by creating the illusion of a greenhouse. To do this, simply cover the plant with foil or cellophane.
Despite the high yield, Crown cannot be attributed to industrial crops. Although it is often grown for sale because of its large and beautiful berries.
The main advantage of the berries is their specific piquant taste, reminiscent of cherry or plum flavor.
In the near abroad and in cool regions, it is better to choose a different variety due to the risk of harvesting unripe fruits.
We can say that the characteristics of this type of berries are ambiguous. The berry has a pleasant taste, large size and specific color. But, at the same time, the crop yield is average and, although it is often grown for sale, it cannot be called an industrial plant.
The bush of the plant is defined as semi-spreading, and sometimes even called upright growing. The branches of the culture grow upward or directed to the sides.
The bush of the variety grows actively, and the absence of thorns on its organs simplifies the process of growing berries, leaving and harvesting.
For the winter, the plants must be removed from supports or trellises and placed in a shelter for the winter. The stalks of the crop are laid at the beginning of their growth as close to the ground as possible.
Cultivation and reproduction
The main care of berries includes fertilizers and "warming" for the winter. However, each blackberry variety requires a specific approach. The described culture, as mentioned above, is characterized by active growth, therefore, the greenery on the bush forms very quickly. The yield of the plant is average, but I would like to increase it.
When forming a bush, the main thing is not to cut it too short. Oddly enough, a certain thickening of the "thickets" has a positive effect on the berries.
When planting, it is worth adhering to a distance between plantings of 1.2-1.5 meters. In this case, the yield will be significantly higher than when grown with a distance of 2-2.5 meters. Experienced gardeners advise Triple Crown to grow in their summer cottage. Rows are usually formed every 2.5 meters.
If you live in cooler northern regions, there is a risk that the berries will not ripen before harvest. Therefore, when forming bushes in spring, it is worth cutting them almost at the root. Secondary stems should be left as little as possible, since the plant will spend all its energy not on the formation of green mass, but on the ripening of the berries.
In general, the conditions of care are similar to the standard ones:
- The distance between individuals for domestic cultivation should be about 2–2.5 meters, while the beds are formed almost every 3 meters. Plants are compacted in the ground and fed.
- Lightening the weight of the culture will help its accustoming to creep along the soil: when the culture reaches a height of 0.4 meters, the shoot should be bent and fixed to the ground with a bracket. This mount is removed in the spring, when the height of the bush is 1 meter.
- In early spring, after the snow has completely melted, fertilizers are introduced into the soil - a complex of minerals, including nitrogen. After that, you can fertilize with a phosphorus-nitrogen-potassium complex, controlling the amount of nitrogen, which is responsible for the formation of green parts of the plant.
- The final formation of the bush occurs in the spring. Leave as many shoots as required, preferably 8–12, however, to accelerate ripening and enlargement of the berries, it is worth leaving fewer stems.
- A tight landing and a high support garter, as evidenced by numerous reviews, is ideal for Triple Crown. By growing blackberries in this way, you can get much more harvest.
- The height of the supports should be no more than 2 meters. The top wire should be fastened at a height of 1.6-1.7 meters.
- Those stems from which the entire crop has already been harvested must be eliminated, and the young ones must be removed from the trellises and laid on the ground immediately after the formation of the fruits. Before frosts, it is worth wrapping the plants with an agrotechnical cloth of low density, folding it in half. Such warming of plants is more than enough for regions with a temperate climate. The materials at hand are also applicable, which are usually used in the cultivation of grapes.
So, the Triple Crown blackberry variety has a number of advantages, which is why it has gained significant popularity today.
Video "Triple Crown Blackberry Variety"
Watch this video review of a wonderful variety of blackberries and you will understand why it is called the "Triple Crown".
Blackberry variety triple crown
Bred Triple Crown in 1996 in USA, USDA-Beltsville, Maryland and Pacific West Agricultural Research Station. Tests over 8 years in Oregon have shown yields of 30 pounds per bush or more (over 13 kg). Tineless, semi-upright type, with excellent berry quality and good yield.
Description of Triple Crown: Is the Blackberry Triple Crown right for you?
- Medium-late, ripens late July to late August, depending on the region, a week earlier than Chester, around the same time as Thornfree.
- A powerful bush of a semi-creeping type (sometimes referred to as upright, i.e. dews), branches are directed upward or to the sides.
- The leaf is bright green, toothed.
- The shoots are powerful, up to 3 m in height.Triple Crown growth is striking - in the first year, the lashes grow up to 2 m.
- The fruits are collected in multi-berry clusters, very large - with an average weight of 7-9 g, round or rounded-elongated, oval, black with a glossy sheen, excellent sweet taste and the most delicate sourness, betraying piquancy, with small seeds.
- They do not bake in the sun - except in the very drought without watering, at the last collection they practically do not become shallow - according to reviews, no more than 7-10%.
- According to the reviews of gourmet gardeners, pleasant cherry-plum notes are felt in the cous - a berry aftertaste. The pulp is juicy, but dense - it tolerates transportation well, does not wrinkle, does not flow.
Winter hardiness, like most forms zoned for the United States, is not high: for the winter they are removed from supports and covered.
Everything is learned by comparison or looking for differences
The description of the Triple Crown blackberry will give little without a comparative analysis. Analysis - it is loudly said, but we will try to compare.
- In comparison with Thornfree, the berry is much larger - we compare it with it as a standard familiar to all blackberries.
- The ripening time - in comparison with it, plus or minus 5 days - is the same. Do not delude yourself - it does not belong to the early, and an innocent commercial gimmick - names a la mid-early or mid-late are just a gimmick. Another thing is that with a short pruning and in a southern climate, under cover in the spring, you can accelerate the collection - but this is another matter, we will consider the nuances of leaving further.
- The yield is somewhat less, again, it cannot be 100% recommended as an industrial one, nevertheless, in the USA it is used on industrial plantings as it. Again, for the fresh market thanks to its beautiful shape, size, taste.
The main strong point is outstanding palatability: sweet-sour taste - not the other way around, namely sweet with a pleasant berry flavor - who say - plum, some cherry or cherry. Basically, the representatives of the assortment are characterized as sweet and sour, and this is the main plus for gardeners and farmers who start Triple Crown for the fresh market.
Nursing and growing basics: from planting to cutting
Despite the fact that care - feeding and shelter, for example, is the same for all black berries, but a special approach is needed for each variety. So, differing in the strength of growth, it increases the green mass by leaps and bounds. And the yield is not low, but I would like more. How to be?
Try not to cut too short, not standardize. Thickened plantings are exactly the option when the compaction will be beneficial.
So, at a planting density of 1.2-1.5 m, the gross harvest will be greater than at 2-2.5 - namely, this distance between the Triple Crown blackberry bushes is recommended for planting in the garden. The distance between the rows is at least 2.5 m. But the farmer will have to deviate from the standards and go for compaction, not forgetting about intensive feeding.
You are a resident of the northern regions, and you encroached on Triple Crown seedlings, and now you are afraid that it will not ripen? In spring rationing after wintering, cut off more, leave smaller replacement shoots - it will ripen earlier: underload will be beneficial.
For the rest, the rules of care differ little from the standard ones:
- Planting spacing for gardeners is 2-2.5 between plants, 2.5-3 between rows. For the farmer - we look above, we compact and feed.
- To facilitate removal from supports, we teach to creep along the ground: upon reaching a height of up to 40 cm, we bend the green replacement shoot and pin it with a staple, a spear to the soil. We remove the bracket in the spring when it reaches a height of up to 1 m, after which we lift it onto the trellis.
- In the spring, as soon as the snow melts, top dressing is introduced - a nitrogen-mineral complex, then - you can repeat the introduction of the NPK complex - it is important not to be zealous with nitrogen, which increases the green mass and gives little to the berry during fruit formation.
- They are normalized in the spring, after wintering - they leave as many shoots as necessary: 8-12 can be recommended, and less if you want to speed up the collection and the berry is larger and more abundant.
According to experienced industrialists, a tight fit and tie to a tall trellis with vertically directed branches is more suitable for the Triple Crown. Compared to a distance of 2.5 m and a low support and horizontal direction of the vine, the yield is much higher.
As for the supports, the height is suitable 180 cm - 2 m, no more, the upper wire at a height of 160-170 cm. Higher ones are not advisable. The fruit-bearing vines are removed, the young are removed from the supports and folded immediately after fruiting. Before the onset of frost, they are wrapped in a spunbond of 50 microns or another agrotextile in two layers - as a rule, this is sufficient for the middle zone with snowy winters. In general, they use improvised means - as for grapes.
The yield is undoubtedly high, but there is also higher - not a minus, but a statement of fact. There are workhorse varieties, there are dessert varieties: Triple Crown of the latter, but with features of a commercial one. In the conditions of the Moscow region, the northern regions of Belarus, Ukraine - add regions with an early cold autumn at a glance - it is worth thinking about adjusting the choice due to late ripening - there is a risk of losing a certain percentage of the crop. However, this applies to large-scale producers, gardeners and the average farmer growing for the market, a loss of 5-10% is possible and will not hit the wallet so painfully.
Thus, the reviews of the blackberry Triple Crown have collected ambiguous. On the one hand - valuable taste, on the other - average yield - no, no, not low, just in comparison with some industrial forms. According to the opinions of people who have been involved in culture for many years, to be the Triple Crown both in the garden and on plantations. On the latter - not as a leader - he will not come out of a workhorse, he is of noble blood, but a large marketable berry is always appreciated. It is difficult to call him the best, but one of the brightest representatives, the pearl in the crown of the blackberry assortment - undoubtedly. Happy choice and good harvest!
Description of plants
Triple Crown is one of the most popular varieties and for good reason. In 1996, it was bred by breeders of one of the research centers in Oregon. The variety turned out to be great, quickly went through all the necessary research and immediately hit the store shelves, where it instantly became insanely popular.
The triple crown is a completely thornless blackberry with large berries that are characterized by an excellent taste. The bushes of this culture can not be called either creeping or upright growing - this is something in between. Plants are vigorous, vigorous and grow rapidly. Shoots in length can reach more than three meters, so they are always fixed on a trellis.
Each branch is densely covered with large leaves, which in shape are most reminiscent of currants. As a result, the plant looks amazing - bright, large bushes decorate the garden. But there is another plus for such foliage - it covers the berries from the sun or other unfavorable factors and they better retain their qualities.
Unfortunately, like almost any other blackberry, this variety cannot be called winter hardy. Even in central Russia, it must be covered for the winter, and very carefully - by removing the tapestries and covering them with special material. In warmer regions, you can limit yourself to spunbod with a film, but this creates its own difficulties - you have to constantly monitor so that diaper rash or mold does not form. But even a carefully sheltered blackberry will not survive frosts of more than -15 degrees.
In terms of ripening, the variety is considered medium late. In most of Russia (as well as Ukraine and Belarus), you can navigate around mid-August - at this time the first berries will ripen, but you will be harvesting for a very long time - until mid-October and the first frosts.
Positive and negative properties
Advantages of the Triple Crown:
- rich and bountiful harvest
- large and juicy fruits with a pleasant and rich taste
- high transportability
- in size and taste, the early berries do not differ from the last ripe fruits
- lack of thorns on shoots
- quick survival after planting and unpretentious care
- high drought resistance.
There are also several negative characteristics of this variety:
- high demands on soil quality
- low resistance to frost
- strong and firm branches make it difficult to prepare them for wintering
- in the northern regions, fruits that appeared at the end of summer or in autumn are not able to fully ripen
- with excessive watering, the root of the bush rots.
How to store and use
Unfortunately, blackberries are not the kind of berry that can be stored for a long time. It is quite fragile, easily amenable to mechanical stress and, in general, by itself cannot lie for weeks like apples.The berries must be carefully collected in containers, stored in a cool place (ideally in the refrigerator), but even if these conditions are met, they will lie for only four to five days.
The triple crown ripens gradually, so usually gardeners harvest little by little and have time to eat or freeze the berries before they start to deteriorate.
Blackberry Triple Crown - a description of the culture
- The culture was bred in 1996 in America. Has the name "Triple Crown" which means: triple crown. Gardeners often refer to it as a “workhorse” for its high yields, rare diseases and lack of thorns. This blackberry variety is characterized by large berries with an exquisite taste and slight sourness. The fruit grows on the vine in the form of a bunch.
- Blackberry bushes Triple crown are an intermediate variety between crops with low-rocking bushes and upright growing. The plant is actively growing, has a thick main stem, powerful greenery with a wide surface of a bright green hue in shape resembling currant leaves.
- This variety of blackberries was bred for industrial cultivation, the mass collection of which is facilitated by the absence of thorns on the vine. The branches of the shrub grow up to 3 meters in height, for convenience they are fixed on a trellis and tied to horizontal rungs. Young shoots quickly gain strength and begin to bear fruit in the first year.
- This type of blackberry is not hardy, so the vine needs shelter for the winter. In this case, it should be removed from the trellis, carefully laid on the ground and covered with dry foliage or other material for shelter. To prevent the branches from breaking when sheltering, they must be laid on the ground while still young to form a bend. In this form, blackberries will be able to withstand frosts down to -15 degrees.
- The ripening period of the crop is considered to be the end of August, which is typical for a temperate climate with warm summers. The berries continue to ripen until early October, while the size and taste of the fruit does not change throughout the entire fruiting period. For the season, with proper care and feeding, up to 12 kg can be harvested from one bush. harvest.
- The berries of the culture have an elongated shape with roundness. Of the varieties of blackberries, this species has the largest fruits. Ripe berries are black with a purple undertone. They ripen on a brush alternately, that is, on a bunch there can be both fully ripe fruits and unripe berries.
- If we compare the Triple Crown Blackberry with other cultures, then in terms of aroma it looks more like a cherry. After picking, the berries can be stored for several days, but only at a temperature not higher than +5 degrees.
- One more feature of the plant can be noted. In direct sunlight, the fruits retain their juiciness and do not dry out. But, at the same time, if the sun warms up for several days in a row, then the culture should be darkened by any material.
Growing a Triple Crown Blackberry (Triple Crown) correctly
Description of the variety
The Triple Crown variety is medium late - the fruits ripen en masse by the end of July - beginning of August. The plant forms a large, very powerful bush with semi-creeping shoots that are directed either to the sides or upward. Serrated leaves, decorative, bright green color. The blackberry bush is able to form whips up to 3 m long.It is noteworthy that even in the first year after planting, shoots can grow up to 2 m.
The culture bears fruit with large berries, which are collected in numerous clusters. The fruits are resistant to direct sunlight - they are not baked, unless in conditions of no watering or at excessively high temperatures.
The description of the resistance of the Triple Crown to frost is standard for all varieties of blackberries - it is very low, the plant necessarily requires shelter for the winter.
Advantages and disadvantages
The following qualities can be confidently attributed to the unconditional advantages of the variety:
- This extremely tasty blackberry has a delicate, very juicy berry flavor with cherry notes, moderately tart and piquant.
- The berries are large, resistant to long-term storage and transportation.
- The fruiting period is extended, and the berries are not prone to crushing by the end of the season: the bush gives the same size fruits as at the very beginning of August.
- The variety is resistant to pests and diseases.
- The berries are resistant to direct sunlight. Research by Russian blackberry pioneers shows that the Triple Crown fruit is not baked in the sun, although that does not mean that the bushes do not need shading.
But this blackberry also has weaknesses:
- The variety cannot be called industrial, although its yield is quite high (especially for dessert blackberries). The bush is able to give up to 10 kg of fruit per season, but there are also more generous varieties of blackberries.
- Triple Crown is a blackberry that is not particularly winter-hardy, so if you live in the northern regions, the harvest most likely will not have time to ripen in full due to the early coming autumn.
- Low resistance to cold: without special protection from frost, such a bush will not survive the winter.
Subtleties of planting and care
The triple crown is distinguished by its strength of growth: the ability to accelerate the growth of green mass. Therefore, there are some nuances in caring for such a culture.
Bushes of this variety should not be unnecessarily pruned or diligently rationed. Due to the excess of vital energy, the Triple Crown blackberry will very quickly form impassable thickets. This is the case when some thickening of the bush will only benefit him.
With an increased planting density, you will be able to collect more berries, since the plants will not have the opportunity to diligently develop and grow leaves.
If you live in the northern regions, but everyone really wants to see the Triple Crown on your site, moreover, to get a good harvest, then do not spare the replacement shoots during spring pruning. Leaving only the strongest, viable lashes, albeit in smaller quantities, you will sooner wait for the harvest.
Here are all the differences between caring for the Triple Crown blackberry and other crop varieties. The description of the rest of the mandatory manipulations is the most familiar: removing weeds, loosening, watering, feeding. Also, do not forget that the variety needs to be placed near the bushes: otherwise, it will be extremely difficult for you to care for the bush and harvest in lush thickets.
The Triple Crown blackberry variety can be propagated both by rooting the tops and by root cuttings. As practice has shown, the Triple Crown takes root very well, without causing much trouble for the gardener: we habitually fix the shoot close to the soil, and leave it in this state for the winter.
Disease and pest control
As already mentioned, this blackberry is particularly resistant to diseases, especially if you follow all the requirements for the care of the crop and do not allow the development of weeds or waterlogging of the soil. Of the pests that can invade your Crown, the common aphid is the most common.
It is not difficult to deal with aphids: we dilute 200 g of tobacco dust per 10 liters of water, add 50 g of liquid laundry soap and run into the garden, spray the bushes with the resulting mixture. It is better to do this in the morning, before direct sunlight appears.
You should not give in to innovations, and especially when it comes to horticultural crops. Go ahead! Try growing some Triple Crown blackberry bushes. We assure you that you will definitely succeed, and closer to autumn, all the neighbors will come to visit you to taste the marvelous - the wonderful Triple Crown blackberry.
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