Perennials can be divided into two groups: those that do not bloom immediately, and those in which the flowering process takes place already in the first year. We will tell you about plants that will delight you with beautiful flowers in the first year after planting in our article.
Skewers are the second name for this flower. In ancient Greece, it was mistaken for a weed. After a while, in ancient Rome, gladioli began to be used for decoration. Since then, this flower has been considered one of the most popular among gardeners.When planting this plant, you must comply with some requirements: the bulbs should be planted in the spring in a place brightly lit by sunlight. Watering is carried out once a week, but at the same time very abundantly. Observing this, gardeners get the result already in the first weeks of summer - flowers of various shapes and colors can bloom: from white to red, blue, yellow and purple. However, gladioli cannot be grown several times in the same place. Experts usually plant the plant for two years, and in the third they look for another suitable place.
This plant is most often found in Mexico, Peru and Chile. The tribes of the Aztecs living in these countries have grown the flower and have used it for medicinal purposes since ancient times. In Europe, it became widespread in the 16th century, but soon this flower lost its popularity - gardeners did not like it due to the fact that the duration of flowering of one flower is only 8 hours. Tigridia got its name from its variegated color. The shape of the flowers resembles a butterfly. Despite the fact that this plant was discovered in such distant countries, it can be easily grown in your garden. The main thing is timely watering, weeding and feeding. The blooming process of tigridia begins in July. If you plant several copies of the plant at once, then you can stretch this process for several weeks, and not for 8 hours.
In nature, lilies are found in Europe, Asia, North America. There are many legends associated with these flowers in the world: in ancient Greece, white lilies were mistaken for drops of milk of the goddess Hera, and in Christianity they symbolize the Mother of God. The diameter of the bulb can be from 1 cm to 30 cm. Usually such large bulbs are found only in nature. It is better to plant bulbs in August, gardeners do not advise doing this in spring - the sprouts may die. The height of the stems ranges from 50 to 250 cm. But again, it all depends on the variety. The lily has only one inflorescence, in which all flowers are collected, their number can reach 30 pieces. Lilies, both garden and wild, come in a variety of colors, from white to orange, peach and even blue. This plant does not require special care: timely abundant watering and weeding is necessary.
Dahlias are one of the most spectacular flowers. They gained their popularity due to a wide range of shades and a variety of forms. This plant begins to bloom in the summer, and ends only in the fall - this is another quality for which many gardeners are so fond of dahlias. Despite the fact that these flowers are very beautiful, they do not require special care: it is enough to plant them in good soil, water and feed them correctly, and then they will bloom for a very long time. The color of the flowers can be completely different: from white to dark purple. The height of the stems can reach 2.5 meters, and the size of the flower itself ranges from 2 to 40 cm.The petals of flowers can also take on various shapes: large and elongated, short and dense, rolled into a narrow tube, oval and concave inward, wide and small. All these parameters depend on the type and variety of the plant.
Cannes are most often found in China, India, South and Central America. They were brought to Europe in the 16th century, and began to grow only in the next century. The flower got its name because its stem is elongated and narrow, resembling a reed in its appearance ("cannes" in translation from Greek - "reed", and from Latin - "tube"). This plant gained its fame due to the impressive flowering of various bright flowers. ... So, leaf plates, depending on the variety and type, are painted in purple, burgundy, bronze and some other shades. The flowering process lasts for several months - from July to the first severe frosts. Watering at this time should be regular and abundant. Feeding is carried out twice a season. By planting these wonderful perennial flowers, you will turn your summer cottage into a beautiful blooming corner. The big advantage of these plants is that they don't need to be planted every year.
Flowering herbaceous plants in summer
It is difficult to imagine our Planet without grassy vegetation. If it did not exist, then our Earth would not be so green. It is its dense root system that ensures the stability of the soil of our Planet. By their appearance, plants are divided into the following life forms: trees, shrubs, shrubs, dwarf shrubs and herbaceous plants.
Trees are a form of woody plants consisting of a root, trunk, and crown. Representatives: pine, oak, linden ...
Shrubs are a form of woody plants (from 0.8 - 6 m in height) that do not have a main trunk in an adult state. Representatives: raspberry, barberry, hawthorn, rose ...
Shrubs are a form of perennial woody low-growing plants (several tens of centimeters high) that do not have a main trunk. Their lignified shoots branch very strongly. Representatives: lingonberry, blueberry, cranberry ...
Semi-shrubs are a form of perennial semi-woody - semi-herbaceous plants in which only the lower part of the shoots becomes stiff, on which the buds of renewal are located. The upper part is grassy and dies off with the onset of cold weather. And in the spring it grows again.
Representatives: lavender, sage ...
Herbaceous plants are a life form of higher plants, a feature of which is a soft aboveground stem. If a plant does not have a woody stem, then it can be safely called a grass.
Herbaceous plants include a huge group of ornamental and flowering plants. Herbs can be forest, meadow, medicinal, fodder, etc. All existing groups are mainly divided into annual, biennial and perennial grasses.
Annuals are herbaceous plants that ripen, bloom and die off in one growing season (a certain period of the year). They reproduce only by seeds. These include chamomile, dill, peas ...
Biennial - plants that develop a root and a rosette of leaves in the first year of life, and bloom in the second year of life and then die off. Their life cycle is from one to two years. These include mallow, pansies, bell ...
Perennials are grasses whose underground organs (root, bulb, tuber) have buds of renewal and a long lifespan (more than two years). The aboveground parts of these plants do not woody. They can be divided into 4 groups: superearly, early, middle and late. Perennials include delphinium, tulips, peonies ...
When we say the word grass, we involuntarily imagine a low plant with a height of 10-20 cm. But in fact, grasses can be from 0.4 mm to 15 meters high.
Duckweed of the genus Wolfia is the smallest flowering plant. It is an aquatic plant belonging to the subfamily Duckweed of the Aroid family. It looks like a tiny green elliptical plate measuring from 0.4 to 1.5 mm. Has no roots, floats on the surface of the water.
In the Sikhote-Alin nature reserve, which is located in the Russian Far East, there is a huge variety of grasses ranging in height from a few centimeters to several meters. Here you can see, for example, a large-flowered slipper. This is a perennial plant of the Orchid family up to 50 cm high, listed in the Red Book. And in the lowlands of the Sikhote-Alin mountains, grasses up to 3.5 meters high grow.
In the southern part of Siberia there is a mountain system - the Western Sayan. Here you can find simply giant herbs, such as, for example, Delphinium and Ivan - narrow-leaf tea.
Delphinium or Tall larkspur is a poisonous perennial herb of the Buttercup family, growing mainly in Siberia and northeastern Europe. Its height can reach up to 4 meters.
Ivan - tea grows throughout the Northern Hemisphere. Its height is from 50cm to 2 meters.
Ivan - narrow-leaved tea
Ornamental grass includes Pampas grass. It grows in Europe, Australia and North America. It is also a tall perennial herb up to 3 meters high.
Some bamboo plants can also be classified as herbs. The bamboo subfamily, belonging to the Cereals family, is divided into two tribes: these are bamboos (plants are trees reaching a height of 30-40 meters) and olives (plants are herbs that rarely grow above a meter).
Banana is a herbaceous perennial plant that is often mistaken for a tree. Its height can reach 15 meters.
Conifers in June
Even the most common species of conifers are very elegant in June, as they have a two-color color. If you look closely, you can see that the simplest ate ordinary young growth is several shades lighter, while spruce barbed blue young paws are pale blue, as opposed to matured silvery ones.
Breeders have developed this feature of conifers and created many varieties, whose growth can have a color contrasting with old needles (golden, white and even red). By mid-June, in such varieties, the brightness of the increments begins to fade, but in some breeds, cones become the main decoration.
If you like to admire conifers decorated with charming cones, then you should definitely plant a fir in the garden. Of the many types of fir, Korean fir very early into fruiting and begins to delight with an abundance of cones from a young age.
In June, young cones are already taking shape and becoming like children's Christmas tree toys. Over time, they will increase in size and acquire a purple or brown color, and now you can admire the special touching charm of babies.
Young cones on Korean fir. © Lyudmila Svetlitskaya
Some varieties of spruce - "Akrokona", "Push", Lucky Strike - the buds are also admirable. Depending on the variety and age, they can have bumps of various colors - from pinkish to crimson-red, due to which from a distance it seems that the Christmas tree has bloomed.
In June, pine needles are already well formed on young candles on young candles, during this period it is favorable to carry out a formative doom of conifers so that the trees grow more lush and compact.
How are flower beds with perennials made out
Landscape designers recommend creating standard, three-tiered, flower beds on Siberian sites. This is done so that the flower bed blooms throughout the season. Even perennial plants have a limited flowering period. This statement is especially true in relation to bulbous flowers (tulips, daffodils, crocuses), these crops need strength and time to form new inflorescences.
It is recommended to plant low-growing perennial flowers (up to 30 cm high) in the foreground of the flower beds, these also include ground covers (plants creeping on the ground). The same flowers fill the space between other plants, stones from landscape compositions, low-growing perennials decorate paths, they are surrounded by garden trees.
As a rule, it is undersized crops that start flowering first. Indeed, this group includes snowdrops, crocuses, tulips.
For growing in a Siberian climate, where frosts can reach -40 degrees, and the ground freezes by more than two meters, the following low-growing perennials are suitable:
Lily of the valley
One of the most famous perennials, which has earned the fame of a very non-whimsical and persistent flower. Delicate lily of the valley bells will decorate any spring garden, and massive bright green leaves will become the first greenery on the site after a long winter. The roots of the lily of the valley grow by 30 cm in one year, so the perennial very quickly captures all the free space. Without transplants, lily of the valley can grow up to forty years in one place. Not only will the perennial decorate the flower bed in spring, the lily of the valley leaves are decorative in themselves, and in August the bushes will additionally decorate with round red berries (be careful - the fruits are very poisonous!).
Primroses and snowdrops
They are known for not liking heat very much, they do not tolerate the sun well. In all regions of the country, it is recommended to grow delicate primroses only in shaded areas, but Siberian gardeners can plant these perennials absolutely anywhere in the garden. Primroses love humidity and coolness, and this is enough in the north.
They are also called tricolor violets. This is a very bright and elegant perennial that will become the pearl of any flower bed. The flower is very suitable for growing in combined multi-tiered flower beds, since until the inflorescences appear, the plant does not look very presentable - there is not much foliage here. But the tricolor inflorescences that appeared in June will delight you until the end of August. Perennials are propagated by seeds, pansies can cope with this on their own, but for the best effect, seedlings need to be grown in pots. In the first year after planting in a flower bed, the perennial forms a green mass and only the next season will please with flowering.
Daisies or asters
These flowers belong to perennials only conditionally - just like pansies, they bloom only in the second year after sowing the seeds. And subsequently, the seeds are simply sown on their own, providing the flowerbed with young flowers for the next season. Daisies and asters perfectly tolerate the cold, do not require additional care, except for watering. The only thing - so that the flowers do not become smaller every year, the bushes need to be regularly divided.
A perennial that is very fond of moisture and cool air, light soils and shade. It is able to survive in a harsh climate, pleases almost all summer, with beautiful dark purple flowers. Looks good in the foreground of flower beds and as an addition to rocky garden compositions.
The second tier of the flower garden
It can be flowering perennials and plants with beautiful, decorative greenery.
Of the medium-sized perennials most adapted to the conditions of the north, one can name:
Bulbous flowers that are a symbol of spring and youth. For Siberia, it is necessary to select tulip varieties that bloom earlier than others. The two most suitable varieties are early tulip and early terry tulip. Usually, these perennials bloom in May, but in cold climates, the period can be shifted by 10-14 days. To prevent the flowers from becoming smaller every year, perennial bulbs must be dug up every autumn. After that, dry it, and disinfect it before planting.
One of the earliest and at the same time the most unpretentious perennial flowers. The plant is convenient in that it does not have to be dug up annually - the bulbs tolerate severe frosts well, the inflorescences do not shrink. Narcissus is undemanding to light, soil composition, does not require maintenance. The only thing is that modern hybrid perennial varieties are distinguished by very large inflorescences, which requires tying up fragile stems.
A very beautiful ornamental plant, delighting with bright two-colored inflorescences. Perennial tolerates frost well, but does not cope well with humidity. Therefore, it is not recommended to plant irises in the lowlands.This flower is so tenacious that even with the complete freezing of the root, from just one surviving bud, the entire bush can revive anew.
The perennial blooms for two months - from May to early July. The plant is spectacular not only because of the flowers, it has no less attractive, fleshy foliage. This perennial is very well suited for Siberia, as it tolerates frost persistently, blooms for a long time, and does not require complex care. In order for the flowers not to grow shallow every year, the iris bushes need to be periodically divided by the roots.
Super frost-resistant perennial, capable of withstanding very severe frosts without any shelter. Scylla is one of the first to bloom, along with snowdrops and crocuses. Delicate stems, sharp leaves and pale blue flowers will adorn any flower garden.
A very unpretentious perennial, specially bred by breeders for northern latitudes. Flowers can be of different shades, the leaves are small. Bushes grow low, go well with other perennials, do not require complex care.
Perennials for the third tier
Plants that are more than 50 cm in height become the backdrop for medium-sized and low-growing perennials. It can be shrubs and single flowers on long stems.
From tall perennials intended for the Siberian climate, one can distinguish:
The bedstraw is real
This perennial flower is very similar to a wild-growing culture: the height of the bush is more than a meter, the inflorescences are small, collected in panicles. This allows the bedstraw to be used in naturalistic landscapes close to the conditions of real nature. Perennial especially loves clay soils, but can grow in almost any area.
New Belgian aster
Perennials grow in bushes, they can coexist with any other crops. Flowers are painted in a lilac shade, are small in size. New Belgian aster blooms at the end of summer, flowering continues until the first frost. To make the inflorescences larger and the bushes taller, it is recommended to feed the perennial with mineral fertilizers.
These perennials are among the most common in gardens.
Siberia. Plants tolerate cold weather well, like moderate watering and rare feeding. Purple and lilac phloxes will adorn any garden. They bloom throughout the summer.
Planting chamomile in open ground
What time to plant seedlings
The grown seedlings should be transplanted into the soil after 1–1.5 months have passed from the moment of germination. Also, the threat of frost should be avoided on the street. Choosing for planting garden chamomile should be a well-lit area with direct sunlight, on which there is a neutral or limestone soil. Groundwater must necessarily lie quite deep.
Before planting chamomile, you need to prepare the site. To do this, you need to dig it up, adding a complex fertilizer for flowers. The depth of the pits should be from 20 to 30 centimeters, while between the bushes it is necessary to maintain a distance of 20 to 40 centimeters. The distance between the pits, as well as their depth, directly depend on the type of plant. The plant must be carefully pulled out of the cell with a lump of earth and placed in the hole. After that, it is covered with soil, and the surface is slightly tamped. Then watering is carried out. The daisies will start blooming next year.
Types and varieties of chionodox with photos and names
In nature, there are 6 types of chionodox, but gardeners grow only 3 of them, as well as various hybrids and varieties obtained from these species by breeders.
Chionodoxa forbesii, or Chionodoxa tmolusi
In the wild, this species grows in the southern part of Turkey. The height of the bush is about 0.25 m. The peduncle bears a loose racemose inflorescence, which consists of 15 pink or white flowers. This plant does not form seeds, however, the bulbs are overgrown with children every season. Cultivated since 1976 Cultural varieties:
- Alba - the color of the flowers is snow-white
- Blue Giant - the perianths of this plant have a deep blue color
- Pink Giant - the flowers of this variety are painted in a pinkish-lavender color.
Chionodoxa luciliae, or Chionodoxa gigantea
This species got its name in honor of Lucille Boissier. It occurs naturally in the mountains of Asia Minor. The height of the bush is about 0.2 m. The leaf plates of such a plant are grooved, linear in shape. The inflorescences include 10 flowers, reaching about 30 millimeters in diameter, they are painted bluish-blue, and their throats are white. It has been cultivated since 1764. The most popular varieties among gardeners are:
- White... The height of the bush does not exceed 10 centimeters. The flowers are white, and their diameter is 25 millimeters. In one racemose inflorescence, there are about 3 or 4 flowers.
- Pink... The flowers are pink with a slight purple tint. In culture, the variety of this variety is very popular - Chionodox Rose Queen (aka Rosie Queen or Pink Queen): this plant has flowers painted in a very spectacular shade of pink.
- Giant white... Flowers reach 40 millimeters across.
Chionodoxa sardinian (Chionodoxa sardensis)
The homeland of this species is Asia Minor. The bush has a pair of linear leaf plates. The height of powerful peduncles is about 12 centimeters, they bear loose racemose inflorescences, consisting of 10 flowers of a deep blue color, reaching 20 mm in diameter. It has been cultivated since 1885. There is a garden form, the color of the flowers in which can be pink or white.
Breeders also use such species as Chionodoxa dwarf, or Cretan, Chionodoxa whitish and Mrs. Lok to obtain new varieties. However, the species themselves are not yet grown by gardeners. Breeder V. Khondyrev, using various species of this plant, was able to create a whole series of hybrids: Watercolor, Artemis, Absolute, Atlantis, Andromeda, Aphrodite and Arctic. Also quite popular among gardeners are hybrids created by crossing the Scylla double-leaved and Chionodox Forbes, they are called chionoscilla: the height of the bushes is not more than 10 centimeters, small star-shaped blue flowers are collected in dense inflorescences.
15. Evening primrose - a mysterious flower
Evening primrose reveals its flowers only in the evenings, for which it was nicknamed "evening candle" and "night primrose". It has a dense openwork crown and rather large, up to 7 cm in diameter, flowers of various colors. Prefers light and well-drained soil. It grows quite quickly, so it is perfect for filling voids in flower beds. Not afraid of drought, but often affected by aphids.
Growing perennials that bloom all summer will allow you to create many unusual compositions in different parts of the garden. Feel free to experiment! And if you prefer roses, then pay attention to the longest flowering varieties.