Between aromatic plants commonly used in the kitchen, we cannot fail to mention thehelichrysum, a very widespread shrub in Italy also thanks to spontaneous growth.
So let's get to know this shrub with colorful flowers and interesting beneficial properties in detail.
L'Helichrysum (Helichrysum italicum Roth, Don) it's a plant aromatic belonging to the family of Asteraceae Also known as perpetual or everlasting, precisely because it is found all year round.
Originally fromSouthern Europe, the helichrysum is well spread in all Italy, where it finds its ideal growth climate, both in the plains and in hills at a maximum height of 800 meters.
In Sardinia, above all, it is widespread both in the kitchen and for other uses, so much so that it deserves the nickname of Sardinian helichrysum.
It looks like a shrub with woody branches, with a maximum height of half a meter, narrow and long leaves with a typical silver color.
The younger branches are covered with a fine fuzz that is lost during growth.
The flowers are deep yellow inside and white or pink petals, grouped on top of the plant, cylindrical in shape. Pollination is entrusted to bees and other insects.
A unique feature of helichrysum flowers is the smell that is very reminiscent of licorice: this is why it is also called licorice aromatic plant or directly licorice helichrysum.
The biological cycle of the helichrysum has a duration of one year, divided as follows:
- in summer, the plant enters the vegetative phase, with small hints of regrowth leaves already present;
- in autumn, the growth of the shoots begins, until the cold period arrives;
- in winter there comes a moment of standstill, defined as vegetative stasis, with the correlated conservation of the shoots;
- in spring, massive flowering begins which turns into fruiting by summer.
So let's see together how to insert the helichrysum in our garden or in the pots of our home.
Ideal climate and soil for helichrysum
Helichrysum is a plant that by nature loves medium-high temperatures.
For this reason it should be grown in full sun, in places where there is no severe frost. Sun exposure is important to prevent the internodes from stretching and the inflorescence from being penalized.
As for the soil, the helichrysum also grows spontaneously on land difficult, however preferring those light, sandy or rocky, with good drainage to avoid water stagnation and pH with a basic tendency.
It will never grow on clayey, swampy soils where water stagnation is powerful.
Multiplication of the helichrysum
To plant new helichrysum plants, it is first necessary to collect the seeds and store them in a dry place from the summer of harvest until the following spring, or even early summer - as long as the temperature remains constant above 20 °.
There sowing it can start in a pot, and then transplant it into the ground when the aromatic plant is ready.
In addition to sowing, you can choose to reproduce the helichrysum also by cuttings or by division of the tufts.
The cuttings they must be cut into lengths of about 4 cm around March, towards the end of winter, and then stored in a protected place.
If you already have potted plants with well-formed roots, you can opt for the division of the tufts, transporting the roots and plants to other pots.
Fertilization of helichrysum
We have already mentioned that the helichrysum does not like soils that are too loaded with organic matter, since it prefers light soils.
It is therefore advisable to avoid compost or organic manure; a good compromise, to be administered with caution, may be theearthworm humus.
Irrigation of the helichrysum
The helichrysum is used to arid and dry soils. For this it does not need excessive irrigation, especially in winter, where it is well satisfied with seasonal rain.
Only if grown in pots, watering should be well followed in the juvenile phase of the plant and immediately after any transplantation into the ground.
Harvesting of helichrysum
The helichrysum must be consumed dried. You can take the firmer twigs and let them dry in the air.
Helichrysum is a very interesting plant, both from a culinary point of view and, above all, for the properties of the aromatic herb.
In kitchen the leaves of the helichrysum are used to flavor the meat dishes. Not only that: since helichrysum seeds contain flavonoids, tannins, caffeic acid and other substances, helichrysum is also used to create an excellent oil biological with purifying properties.
It is in herbal medicine and homeopathy, however, that the helichrysum really stands out for its beneficial properties.
In fact, helichrysum has positive effects on blood circulation, liver purification, neuralgia, removal of bronchial catarrh and in general on the respiratory system.
Finally, the helichrysum has a positive action against migraines and arthritis pains.
It is a real cure-all to try and exploit for every state of discomfort in the body.
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There licorice, Glycyrrhiza glabra, it's a aromatic medicinal plant easy to grow in the vegetable garden in the garden and also on the balcony in large pots as an ornamental plant.
- Characteristics of the Licorice plant - Glycyrrhiza glabra
- Flowering of Licorice
- Licorice Cultivation - Glycyrrhiza glabra
- Cultivation in pots
- Multiplication of Licorice - Glycyrrhiza glabra
- Multiplication of licorice by division of the tufts
- Transplant of the licorice plant
- Licorice pruning
- Collection of licorice roots
- Preservation of licorice
- Pests and diseases of the Licorice plant
- Licorice Cures and Treatments
- You use licorice in cooking
- Medicinal uses of licorice
- Curiosities about licorice
- Liquorice contraindications
- Is licorice poisonous?
- Photo gallery Licorice - Glycyrrhiza glabra
Helichrysum is a plant belonging to the family of Asteraceae. It is about tall plants 30-40 cm and have stems covered with a thick whitish down that gives off a characteristic perfume tend to be associated with the licorice or al curry, so much so that it was incorrectly searched several times on search engines as "licorice plant " is "curry plant ".
The root is spindle-shaped and has modest dimensions, the foliage is characterized by a more full-bodied length and the single leaflets, flat and pubescent on both faces, also have a particular ashy gray color. The flowers of Helichrysum are colored yellow and are gathered in corymbs, have a rounded shape and the petals are very thin and delicate the fruit of the plant is a achene.
The Italian helichrysum was introduced into taxonomy in the 1700s: helios in Greek means sun, while chrysos means gold. The name actually referred to the radiant appearance of the flower heads of the plant and their golden yellow color. Helichrysum is a plant that lives in even narrow and very hot areas, and is also defined Houseleek, considered the typical color of its flowers and its particular aroma lasting for many months during the year.
Helichrysium italicum and Sardinian helichrysum: the differences
There are many species of Helichrysum present in nature, the best known are four:
In Sardinia thehelicrysium microphyllum, more commonly called Sardinian helichrysum: blooms between April and July, is found among rocks, in stony and sandy soils and reaches i 15 cm in height, the flowers and the appearance are very similar to that of other species of Helichrysum, at least as regards Helichrysum Italicum, which is instead spontaneous and common on our peninsula, especially in the southern regions and in central Italy. The Italic Helichrysum has woody parts at the base of the plant, it is suffruticosa, can also reach i 50 cm tall, but it is in herbal medicine, cosmetics and phytotherapy that it finds its maximum application for its countless healing properties.
The different species of this plant are typical of the areas arid, sunny, where the ground is stony, uncultivated and in Italy, as already indicated, it spread spontaneously especially in the center-south and in the islands as well as some areas from over a thousand meters high but well sunny.
The cultivation of Helichrysum is quite simple, the important thing is to pay attention to small and specific precautions. First of all, the plant must necessarily be grown in external, in pot or full ground, but it can be planted in pots. Choose the species of this plant based on your cultural expectations, for example based on the duration of the plant itself: there are in fact perennial specimens and other annuals. Even the size they are different, there are also plants that arrive alone 8 cm in height, others, especially spontaneous ones, also grow up to 50 cm.
If you want to grow it in a typical climate stiff, it will be useful to do one mulch consistent and made up of leaves, bark and other organic substances that can protect it. If, on the other hand, you will plant it in a temperate or better still Mediterranean place, mulching will not be necessary.
During the'winter the aerial parts do not need to be covered, but will dry out to resume new growth in spring. For an excellent cultivation of Helichrysum it is essential to have adequate soil, the ideal is to use a substrate of common earth, sand is peat. To keep the plant at its best, it is also important to administer some fertilizer appropriate, preferably in the form to be diluted in water and at least twice a year. Watering, on the other hand, must not be excessive, this above all in order not to cause water stagnation and in the specific case of specimens grown in pots.
Helichrysum does not need pruning, but it will be enough to eliminate only the dry parts and the withered inflorescences to keep the plant airy and beautiful, while its propagation takes place through cuttings, or division of the tufts, while in the case of a plant annual, the ideal propagation will take place with sowing in spring. If the Helichrysum is perennial instead, it is better to divide the tufts, to be buried in a mixed soil and always to be carried out in spring.
Botanical characteristics of the helichrysum
"data-medium-file =" https://www.coltiviabiologica.it/wp-content/uploads/2018/03/Fiore-di-elicriso-2-e1520529659304-300x250.jpg "data-large-file =" https : //www.coltiviabiologica.it/wp-content/uploads/2018/03/Fiore-di-elicriso-2-e1520529659304.jpg "loading =" lazy "src =" https://www.coltiviabiologica.it/wp -content / plugins / a3-lazy-load / assets / images / lazy_placeholder.gif "data-lazy-type =" image "data-src =" https://www.coltiviabiologica.it/wp-content/uploads/2018 /03/Fiore-di-elicriso-2-e1520529659304.jpg"> The helichrysum plant is perennial and suffruticose, that is, it has woody branches at the base and a herbaceous consistency at the top.
The height it develops ranges from 25 to 70 cm, has a bushy habit and is very branched.
The ramifications are arched and ascending, with a gray-ashy color.
The young branches are covered with small smooth hairs. These form a thin protective layer which, over time, tends to detach.
The leaves of the helichrysum are scattered and tomentose, also gray-ashy in color. They are 15 to 35 mm long and just over 1 mm wide.
The flowers, which is the best known part of the plant, are 3 to 3.5 mm long. They have a typical golden yellow color and a trumpet-like tube shape that widens at the apex, with 5 triangular teeth. The stamens of the flowers are inserted into the tube, with an inferior ovary and a stylus also inside the tube.
Helichrysum flowers are found gathered in flower heads, consisting of about 15 single flowers. The flower heads in turn come together in corymbs, 25-35 in number. Pollination is entomophilic, ie operated by bees and other pollinating insects.
The fruits are achenes 3-5 mm long, ovate-oblong in shape.
The apical part of the inflorescence bears a pappus of simple and deciduous hairs. This facilitates the anemocora dissemination, i.e. by wind and other atmospheric agents. A bit like it happens for another spontaneous plant that we know well, the dandelion (or dandelion).
The whole helichrysum plant has a pleasant aromatic smell.
Helichrysum, the plant that resembles licorice
Amalia Vingione | November 20, 2020 November 20, 2020 | lifeStyle
Helichrysum is an evergreen shrub, easy to grow and which will remind you of licorice due to its intense smell.
L'eliscriso it is an evergreen plant that is very widespread in Italy, especially in the center-south and in the islands. It also lives well outdoors, as long as it is placed in a sunny place. The characteristic of this plant is to have branches with some oblong leaflets of silver-green color and are covered with a thin fluff. It blooms in spring giving gods yellow flowers clustered a lot scented. This plant is commonly called the licorice plant, because both the leaves and the flowers give off a scent reminiscent of licorice and curry. In fact, in England it is called "curry plant”, Even if the plant is not used for the preparation of the liqueur.
How to grow helichrysum
L'helichrysum it can be grown in a flowerbed or in a pot. It does not require great care, but it is necessary to avoid calcareous soils. Love the water, especially in spring, but it does not fear summer drought. You have to be very careful about the amount of water, especially stagnation in periods of rain. Too much water could cause root rot. Can't stand the intense cold, frosts and excessive humidity for this reason it is advisable to protect the plant in case of intense cold. No pruning is done, but periodic cleaning is good to remove dry branches.
Use in the kitchen
Fresh helichrysum is usually not used in cooking due to its bitter taste. In spring, however, it is possible to collect some sprigs of flowers and dry them. By storing them in glass jars, they can be used to flavor risottos, vegetables, eggs and meat and chicken by adding a whole sprig to the dishes.
Use in physiotherapy
L'helichrysum has many properties exploited in the field of herbal medicine. In fact, it has antiallergic, anti-inflammatory, antibacterial and expectorant properties. In the form of infusion and syrup it helps to eliminate mucus due to allergies. It is also used to relieve the discomfort of skin that is irritated and affected by diseases such as herpes, psoriasis, eczema or sunburn. Its astringent, analgesic and anti-edema properties are used to reduce pain and inflammation of the veins, in case of arthritis or acute rheumatic diseases.
Use licorice helichrysum
Licorice helichrysum is a plant widely used in herbal medicine for its multiple properties. Thanks to its antiallergic, anti-inflammatory, antibacterial and expectorant qualities, it promotes the elimination of bronchial catarrh and reduces inflammation of the nasal mucosa, if of allergic origin. The helichrysum is a plant perfectly suited to be grown in pots. The plant develops in height up to twenty, thirty centimeters, and needs a pot of at least thirty centimeters in diameter, which has, among other things, large holes to avoid any stagnation, which would cause the plant to rot. In the kitchen of the helichrysum you can use the leaves, which have an intense spicy aroma reminiscent of licorice. They are a successful combination with white meats, especially with chicken. HELICHRIS: THE PLANT The helichrysum is a perennial aromatic suffrutice belonging to the family of the Compositae Elicriso liquorice, the aromatic with a surprising flavor. Discover the latest news from the Valfrutta world. An agricultural system made up of people and values, respect for nature and love for its fruits
Licorice helichrysum in brief The helichrysum (Helichrysum italicum), also called licorice helichrysum, has small, thick and elongated leaves, gray-green in color with silver reflections, similar to those of lavender. It blooms in summer with small yellow flowers that grow in bunches, how to use it, benefits that are obtained and contraindications in its use
Licorice helichrysum - Aromatic - Licorice shrub helichrysum
- The flowering tops of the helichrysum are used, rich in essential oil, flavonoids and organic acids which give the plant numerous properties. The leaves and flowers of the helichrysum are used in the kitchen as a flavoring and in alcohol medicine for their anti-inflammatory, anti-allergic action, as well as expectorant, analgesic, antibacterial and healing properties skin.
- Parts Used. Drug consisting of the flowering tops. Chemical constituents. Essential oil (nerol, neryl acetate, geraniol, eugenol) Flavonoids (elicrisine) Helichrysum Properties in herbal medicine. The essential oil of helichrysum has anti-inflammatory and anti-allergic activities, especially for the respiratory system. In cosmetics, the extracts of helichrysum are used in products.
- The helichrysum in the kitchen is added to give a spicy and exotic touch to your dishes! We have collected for you a list of the best recipes online, and now, all in the kitchen !. How to use helichrysum in the kitchen? In cooking, helichrysum stands out as an aromatic herb for its balsamic, slightly bitter notes. In general, the leaves of helichrysum (which also recall the flavor of.
- Helichrysum or golden sun is a beautiful flower to behold and rich in aromas and healing substances. The resulting liqueur retains its color and is rich in aromas that delicately fade from curry to licorice. Ingredients: 40 g of dried helichrysum flowers 1 l of 95 ° alcohol for food 1.6 l of water 200 g of sugar Procedure
Helichrysum is an evergreen shrub, easy to grow and which will remind you of licorice due to its intense smell. Helichrysum is an evergreen plant that is very widespread in Italy, especially in the center-south and in the islands.It also lives well in outdoor environments, as long as it is positioned in a sunny place In fact, the helichrysum in Tuscany and other regions is commonly called licorice , so much so that my neighbors were convinced that they had planted licorice in their house, because it had been sold to them by the nurseryman. Its properties are aimed above all at the skin and respiratory system, but not only for use in the kitchen. Helichrysum is also used in cooking as a bitter-tasting aromatic herb. Mostly the leaves are used with an aroma similar to that of licorice, a little sweet, which are consumed dried, because fresh they would be too bitter Growing the helichrysum will give you the opportunity to appreciate its characteristic aromatic scent, a sort of middle ground between that of licorice and that of curry. In addition to its ornamental use, you can also use it in the kitchen or extract its essential oil, but it is often useful also thanks to its anti-allergic, anti-inflammatory, expectorant and antibacterial properties The phytotherapeutic properties of Helichrysum, anti-inflammatory, anti-edema, analgesic, decongestant, anti-allergic, anti-erythematous, photoprotective, bechica, balsamic and expectorant, anti-hepatotoxic plant, make it a valid aid in case of various ailments, both for external use and for internal use
The flowers of the helichrysum are used, which in herbal medicine are used for the preparation of herbal teas, alcoholic extracts and oleolites .. The oleolites (not to be confused with essential oils) are medicinal oils obtained through the maceration of a certain plant (in in this case the flowers of helichrysum), in vegetable oil.The maceration lasts a tot. of days, then the oil comes. The Italic Helichrysum - as Roman historian Pliny the Elder tells us The observed cardiovascular effects of using helichrysum support the basis for its use in managing high blood pressure and protecting heart health Many mistake the scent of helichrysum for a mix of licorice, mint and. When using liquorice-based preparations, the doses of product to be taken may vary according to the quantity of active substances contained. This quantity is usually reported directly by the manufacturer on the package or on the package leaflet of the same product, therefore, it is very important to follow the instructions provided by it. The helichrysum is a plant famous for its therapeutic and beneficial properties, the Helichrysum does not have particularly beautiful flowers, nor does it produce a particularly pleasant fragrance, but it is still a very versatile plant and the oil extracted from helichrysum is an excellent anti-aging constituent, with regenerating properties. is. The whole plant was used to burn the bristles of slaughtered pigs, due to the particular aroma it gave to the lard. The flowered parts, which retain their vivid color even when dried, are used to perfume linen and rooms. In cosmetics, helichrysum is used as a fixative in perfumes
Features Elicriso licorice. The Helichrysum, the best known varieties of which are the Helichrysum Italicum or Angustifolium, also called Tignamica or perpetual houseleek, is an aromatic herbaceous plant belonging to the Asteraceae family with about 600 species of different plants mainly coming from South Africa. The shrub-like plant has tapered roots that. Helichrysum cultivation: history of the plant and botanical characteristics. Helichrysum (Helichrysum italicum Roth, Don) is an aromatic plant belonging to the Asteraceae family also known as perpetuity or houseleek, precisely because it is found all year round. Originating from Southern Europe, helichrysum is widespread throughout Italy, where it finds its growth climate. The helichrysum in the kitchen: roasts, salads and risottos. After touching the elongated leaves of the helichrysum with your hands, we will smell a mixed scent of licorice and curry. These aromatic notes make its use very versatile in the kitchen, despite being little used. It is an aromatic herb suitable for roasts, and in particular for chicken
Licorice Helichrysum, so called due to the characteristic smell emanating from the vegetation, is a Mediterranean aromatic whose leaves are used to give soups, chicken, roasts and fillings a characteristic taste very similar to that of Curry. This is why it is also called the "curry plant".
Aromatic Herb plants require less attention than other garden plants, so much so that we often risk forgetting them. The driest and sunniest corner of our garden is all they ask of us to stay healthy. They are indeed very rustic plants but they know how to give a very special touch to our food. Without the aromatic herbs, many recipes of Mediterranean cuisine would lose the uniqueness that distinguishes them, unique aromas, aromas and flavors.
ON THE BALCONY OR ON THE WINDOW TO ALWAYS HAVE THEM AT HAND!
Not everyone is lucky enough to have a vegetable garden within walking distance of the kitchen. We think of cities, where having a vegetable garden is often a privilege for a few. And when we do get it, it's usually not quite close to home. The fact is that, taken by a thousand commitments, it happens that the culinary inspiration enlightens us only at the last moment, while the special ingredient, indispensable for the success of the main dish, be it rosemary, sage, thyme or basil remains in the garden or at the greengrocer ... but we would need it now.
A vase on the balcony, placed in the most sheltered area, with the essential aromas, with a minimum expense, is able to do us a great service even in winter.
HOW TO TREAT AROMATICS IN SUMMER
If they have been planted this year, they will need a little more water, but we will always have to wait for the soil to dry before intervening again. If the summer is particularly dry, some copious watering may be required.
If the plants already have a few years of life in the open field, we will irrigate only in conditions of prolonged absence of rainfall.
If our plants are in pots on the balcony, and have southern exposure, if possible, in the hottest periods of summer, we can move them to partial shade or shelter them with shading curtains during the hottest hours. We try to avoid very dark colored pots, which favor radical overheating in the case of direct exposure to sunlight.
HOW TO TREAT THEM IN AUTUMN AND WINTER?
Most of the herbs planted in the open field, if exposed in sheltered positions, do not require special precautions, other than careful protection from the cold in the event of severe frosts. The protection can consist of a sheet of non-woven fabric or nylon, open at the top to avoid condensation. A layer of straw or mulch with pine bark placed on the surface of the soil, to protect the roots of the specimens we are most fond of. On the terrace, we will be able to bring them closer to the walls of the house, moving them from the positions most exposed to cold winds. In pots we will have to pay particular attention to irrigation, in order not to risk favoring the onset of rot on the root system. This means drastically reducing watering, intervening only when the plants have dry soil, on days that are not particularly cold, wetting in the morning, with moderate quantities.
THE SECRETS OF TASTE: SUN AND IRRIGATION
The secret to having a strong intensity of aromas is extremely simple: expose the plants in a sunny position and moderate irrigation, to favor the maximum accumulation of essential oils in the leaves of our aromatics!