For centuries, people have been treated with plants. Sometimes we do not even suspect how many useful properties a seemingly inconspicuous grass or berry has.
One of these useful plants is irga. Nowadays, a small number of people know about it, but in the Middle Ages it was actively used by healers and healers for the preparation of various potions.... Let's take a closer look at the beneficial properties and contraindications for the use of this unique berry.
The appearance and halo of the spread of the plant
Irga belongs to the shrub ornamental and garden plants of the apple genus, the Rosaceae family. The scientific name of this plant is "amelanchier", in the Celtic language it means "honey"... You can also find such a name as "lady", which is more common among the people.
There are almost two dozen different varieties of this plant. It is a tall shrub with dense green leaves. Irgi fruits are red-purple round berries of small size, sweet in taste. They ripen in the middle of summer. The average life span of this shrub tree is 60 years..
Irga grows in North Africa, America, central and southern Europe, and also in Japan. In Russia, the shrub can be found in many regions, but it is most common in the Crimea and the Caucasus..
Composition and useful properties of irgi for the human body
Irgi berries are widely used for medicinal and prophylactic purposes. They contain many vitamins and minerals that have a beneficial effect on the human body.
- Phytosterols, which are part of the berry, have an anti-sclerotic effect, strengthen blood vessels, reduce the fragility and fragility of capillaries and prevent the formation of atherosclerotic plaques.
- Thanks to pectinscontained in irga, the work of the gastrointestinal tract is restored, appetite improves, toxins and carcinogens are removed from the body. A decoction of these berries also helps relieve stress and fatigue, and normalizes the nervous system. In addition, irga is an excellent immunomodulator.
- Vitamin C helps fight infections, improves metabolism and lowers blood cholesterol levels.
- Bioflavonoids (Vitamin P) help maintain normal blood sugar levels, prevent blood clots and support heart function in coronary artery disease and hypertension.
Vitamin P is very rarely found in food. The game is one of the few plants where this substance is contained in sufficient quantities, and the beneficial effect of the berry on the human body is largely due to the presence of this component.
- Riboflavin (vitamin B2) actively participates in metabolic processes, normalizes the work of the sebaceous glands and is necessary to maintain normal vision.
Berries are low in calories (43 kcal), due to which they are actively used in weight correction programs.
In folk medicine, not only berries are used, but also leaves, bark and flowers of irgi. Decoctions of these components have a wound healing, anti-inflammatory and bactericidal effect.
Harm and contraindications: who should not use irgu?
The benefits of irgi are obvious, but at the same time, it can harm the human body if used in the following cases:
- the presence of diabetes mellitus (the berry is rich in carbohydrates, which can lead to a sharp increase in blood glucose levels);
- obesity (excessive consumption of berries can lead to weight gain);
- low blood pressure (the components contained in the fruits help to lower blood pressure);
- prone to skin rashes (Irga can cause severe reactions in allergy sufferers);
- low blood clotting (substances that make up the berry contribute to blood thinning).
In childhood, the use of irgi should not exceed 50 grams per day.otherwise there is a risk of allergies.
You can pick berries away from roads and industrial complexes. Irga has a high ability to absorb toxins and heavy metals.
The use of irgi in traditional medicine
Irga is widely used in folk medicine. Decoctions, teas and medicinal infusions are prepared on the basis of the fruits, inflorescences, leaves and bark of this plant.
Irgu is used in the following cases:
- heart disease, high blood pressure and varicose veins;
- poisoning and diseases of the digestive tract;
- high blood cholesterol and the presence of cholesterol plaques;
- diseases of the nervous system and increased fatigue;
- prevention and complex therapy of diseases of the organs of vision;
- low permeability of blood vessels and increased fragility of capillaries;
- ARI and ARVI;
- periodontal disease and bleeding gums;
- diseases of the bronchopulmonary system;
- recovery of the body after an illness;
- purulent wounds, burns and abrasions.
In the listed cases you can eat fresh berries, take irgi juice diluted with water in a 1: 1 ratio, or prepare tinctures... Medicinal teas are prepared from flowers and leaves, and for external use in the treatment of wounds and burns, a compress from a decoction of the plant bark is needed.
Irga helps not only to alleviate the condition of various diseases, but also saturates the body with useful substances, and also has a healing and rejuvenating effect.
When can an irga do harm?
Even a healthy person who uses irgu for general strengthening purposes can harm his health if consumed in excess of this product. What can happen in this case?
Among other things, Irga has a strong soothing effect... Excessive consumption of juice, tincture or tea can lead to drowsiness, loss of energy and decreased attention.
Signs of allergy may also appear even in persons who have not previously suffered from such manifestations.
When consumed in combination with dairy and fermented milk products the digestive system is disrupted, resulting in discomfort, bloating and diarrhea.
Children can eat no more than 50 grams of berries per day, the norm for an adult is 100-150 grams.
Recipes for decoctions and teas with leaves and berries
Traditional medicine offers a huge number of ways to prepare medicinal potions based on berries, flowers, leaves or irgi bark... If you have health problems or to replenish the balance of beneficial trace elements in the body, you can use one of the recipes given.
The tincture is prepared on the basis of vodka, but those who cannot tolerate alcohol can replace it with water. To prepare a remedy, you will need to do the following:
- pour into a small saucepan or liter jar 2-3 tablespoons dried flowers;
- pour 2 glasses of vodka or boiling water;
- if alcohol is used, you need to infuse the drink within 3 days, in the case of boiling water, wait until it cools down, after wrapping a container with tincture;
- when the drink is infused, it is necessary strain.
The tincture is consumed 3 times a day, taking one tablespoon 15-20 minutes before meals.
Juice from berries can be consumed fresh, diluted with water, or preserved. Canned juice is prepared in this way:
- the berries are thoroughly washed and allow excess water to drain;
- pound using a pestle until puree;
- squeeze out juice in a juicer or manually using gauze;
- bred with juice of more acidic berries (since irga has a high sugar content, you can add cranberry, cherry or currant juice);
- warm up, but not brought to a boil, and rolled up in jars hot.
Before you start canning, you need to pour boiling water over the cans. It is recommended to drink juice 50-100 grams before meals.
In case of disorders in the work of the gastrointestinal tract, it is not recommended to use juice. In these cases, tea made from flowers or irgi leaves, as well as a decoction of the bark, are suitable.
To prepare a healing tincture of irgi berries, you will need a glass jar and high-quality vodka. Prepare a drink in this way:
- berries are brought to puree state with a pestle;
- jar ¾ fill crushed mass;
- pour vodka, leaving an empty space 3-4 cm from the neck of the vessel;
- insist 2-3 days in a cool dark place;
- filter and throw away the remnants of the berries.
It is better to store this tincture in the cold. It is recommended to take the remedy 3 times a day., a tablespoon before meals.
It is better to use fresh leaves for making tea, but dried leaves are also suitable as a last resort.
A few leaves of irgi are poured with boiling water and allowed to brew for 15-20 minutes... You can add 1 teaspoon of natural honey. Flower tea is prepared in the same way.
It is better to drink tea in the evenings, it perfectly calms the nervous system and ensures a healthy sound sleep.
The broth is intended not only for internal, but also for external use. Compresses can be used to treat festering wounds and burns. To prepare the product you need:
- chop the bark using a coffee grinder;
- pour into the pan 2 tablespoons of the resulting powder and pour 2 cups of boiling water;
- put the dishes on low heat and cook the remedy for 15-20 minutes;
- cool the drink and strain through a sieve or cheesecloth;
- add 1 cup of cool boiled water.
Take a tincture 3-5 times a day for ½ cup... If the product is being prepared for external use, you do not need to dilute it with water.
Like any medicinal plant, Irga can provide invaluable benefits to the human body when used correctly, and can even harm... For this reason, it is necessary to follow the rules for the preparation of medicinal products and control their dosage.
Irga berry: description, useful properties and contraindications, planting and care
Irgu has been cultivated in our latitudes for over 100 years. However, this plant did not take root well in gardens and dachas. It is grown only by enthusiastic gardeners. However, this is undeserved, since irga is very useful for the human body. What valuable substances are contained in the fruits of this plant and what health problems can be solved with their regular use, you will learn from our article.
Composition and calorie content of berries
Irga contains a sufficient amount of natural saccharides: glucose and its isomer fructose, in addition, it includes hydroxy succinic acid, B vitamins (riboflavin, thiamin and others), vitamins C and P, provitamin A, carotene, fiber, pectins, trace elements ... It also contains many tannins, including coumarins, sterols and flavonols. The berry contains mineral elements, the most important of which are lead, cobalt, copper, magnesium and potassium, which are needed for the normal functionality of organs and the whole body.
So, what kind of ailments can be treated with the fruits of a shrub or irgi tree?
For digestive disorders, berries have a bonding effect. The work of the digestive system is significantly improved, the intestinal microflora is improving.
Due to the fact that the berries contain the active substance pectin, it perfectly lowers the level of cholesterol in the blood, and cleanses the body of toxins and toxins.
Vitamin P, as an active component of berries, is the best prophylactic agent against heart attacks and varicose veins. All this is explained by the fact that vitamin P strengthens the walls of capillaries and blood vessels, increasing their firmness and elasticity.
Due to the presence of such substances in berries as phytosterols and coumarins, the plant helps to reduce excessive blood clotting.
Vitamin A in Irga is an excellent prophylactic against eye diseases such as cataracts, inflammation, night blindness and chronic eye fatigue.
Irga is an excellent way to prevent atherosclerosis, as well as thrombosis, liver and kidney diseases. The plant saturates the body with vitamins during the period of aggravated vitamin deficiency.
The nervous system will improve after taking irgi berries, as its substances help to establish its functioning and even treat insomnia.
Making vodka extract on irga, taking it cures high blood pressure, restores the normal functioning of the heart.
If fresh juice is prepared from irgi, they treat stomatitis, tonsillitis, and also take 50 ml orally in case of exacerbation of gastritis. If you soak a cloth in irgi juice, such a compress will help heal burns.
The leaves of the plant have enveloping properties, they are used for external treatment of skin ailments. The antiseptic properties of the leaves help flush and heal purulent wounds.
For people who are overweight, overuse of irgi berries can lead to more weight gain, as they are high in carbohydrates.
Features of use during pregnancy, breastfeeding and childhood
The presence of cinnamon in the diet of a pregnant and breastfeeding woman will help fill the lack of vitamins, minerals and other substances in her body that help maintain health in a normal state. Herbal medicines can replace medications for sore throats, colds or diarrhea, which are not recommended for taking during the period of gestation.
However, before using berries, you should exclude the presence of contraindications and consult with a specialist. Since the hypotensive effect of the fetus can cause weakness, dizziness and loss of consciousness in a pregnant woman. If there is a tone of the uterus, irgi should be completely abandoned, since the individual substances that make up them can significantly aggravate the problem. Fruits are also not recommended to be consumed before childbirth due to their ability to thin the blood.
It is necessary to introduce fruits into the diet during lactation gradually, observing the child's reaction to a new food product, since cinnamon is a strong allergen, and can also provoke colic, bloating and constipation in an infant.
Sugar-free compote can be given to children starting from 7 months of age. But fresh fruits are best offered to children over 1 year old. However, it should be borne in mind that the product can cause allergies, therefore, it must be introduced into the children's diet gradually, starting with micro doses.
Useful properties and contraindications of irgi
- homemade wines
- or just eat it fresh.
But still, not many people know about the beneficial properties of irgi when prepared correctly.
Useful properties of irgi
- Removing toxins from the body and lowering blood cholesterol levels. Delicious squirrel berries contain beneficial acids that control cholesterol levels - this makes it difficult for the so-called cholesterol plaques to form. Pectins improve the functioning of the bladder and kidney function, increase the liver's ability to remove toxins from the body, and this has a beneficial effect on the functioning of internal organs.
- Strengthening the nervous system. For a quick fall asleep, you can prepare a mug of warm tea from dried fruits and drink it at night, or just eat a handful of fresh berries before bed. To increase the general tone of the body, to normalize the nervous system will help infusions and decoctions of irgi, as well as its berries, simply consumed fresh.The miracle berry helps you cope better with stress.
- Saturation of the body with trace elements / vitamins. It has long been proven that the pulp of the fruits of the irgi contains many vitamins, namely C (ascorbic acid), B, P, and the seeds contain fatty oils. Irga also has a high content of sugars, pectins, as well as acids, fiber, tannins and flavonoids useful for human health. Due to this, it is possible to increase the content of vitamins in case of vitamin deficiencies, and prevent kidney and liver diseases.
- Rejuvenation and improvement of the body. The content of an incredibly large amount of polyphenolic compounds in the plant, according to experts, helps prevent DNA defects and stops the aging process in the human body. A large number of flavonoids have been found in irga, which is the prevention of various diseases, and oncological ones are no exception.
- Prevention of eye diseases. Lotions from bark infusions remove redness and suppuration of the eyelids on the face, and also relieve eye fatigue well. Vitamin A supports eye health. Periodic consumption of irgi fruits helps in preventing the appearance of cataracts, and protects the organs of vision from a variety of inflammatory processes.
- Elimination of inflammatory processes in the mouth and pharynx. In case of stomatitis, you can rinse your mouth with a solution of boiled warm water and fresh sirgi juice (1: 1) - this will eliminate inflammation in the mouth. Also, this recipe is perfect for the treatment of sore throat. A warm decoction of the bark of the plant will relieve bleeding gums and help strengthen them with periodontal disease. And for the lungs and bronchi, tea made from dried bush leaves is suitable.
- Favorable effect on the heart and blood vessels. Irgi fruits contain a large amount of antioxidants, they play an important role in the prevention of heart attacks, many diseases of the cardiovascular system, as well as strokes, cancer and such a common ailment as atherosclerosis. Vitamin P strengthens the walls of capillaries and blood vessels, while ensuring their reliability and elasticity. The so-called phytosterols and coumarins reduce blood clotting, and this prevents the formation of blood clots. To stimulate the heart and lower blood pressure, vodka tinctures based on bush flowers are recommended.
- Treatment of burns, wounds and abrasions. For the treatment of thermal burns, the juice of irgi fruits is suitable. The gauze soaked in it should be applied to the affected areas of the skin for 40 minutes - several times a day.
A decoction can be prepared from the bark and dried leaves of a bush, which will help well with purulent wounds. To prepare it, you need 2 tablespoons of dry mass, pour 1 liter of water and boil for 10 minutes.
To eliminate pain and disinfect, fresh irgi leaves are applied briefly to abrasions and cuts. They are a good antiseptic.
- You should not pick berries in environmentally polluted places, in principle, like any other berry. This is justified by the fact that berries have the ability to absorb various toxins, as well as particles of heavy metals.
- Babies should be given such a wonderful berry with great care so that there is no allergy. This warning also applies to adults who have a predisposition to skin rashes.
- Combining irgu with dairy products is also not worth it. This can lead to stomach discomfort and diarrhea.
- People with diabetes and prone to rapid weight gain are not recommended to consume large quantities of irgi fruits. This can lead to dramatic increases in body weight and spikes in blood sugar.
- Patients with epilepsy should also avoid consuming large amounts of berries. Vitamin C can lead to an attack.
Useful qualities of irgi for gardeners
Irga is an excellent "purifier" of air, land and water, so it can be planted on the territory of a summer cottage or vegetable garden. But it is worth remembering that the fruits of such a plant can no longer be used for medicinal and culinary purposes. Because this plant will contain harmful substances obtained in the process of "purification" of air, water and soil. Such bushes can be a beautiful decoration.
The best time for planting will be spring and autumn, while most gardeners are sure that planting should be carried out only in the autumn season. The shrub loves well-lit open areas. For the plant to have a beautiful shape, sunlight must come from all directions, otherwise the branches will begin to reach for the light on their own and, as a result, the bush will bend. It is also worth considering that sunlight affects the fruiting of irgi, the more there is, the more berries.
So that the roots do not grow, the soil at the planting site, you must choose a fertile one. For the best growth, there must be enough humus in the soil. Irgi roots can go into the ground by about 3 meters if groundwater passes high at the planting site.
It is necessary to prepare a site for planting since spring. To do this, clear the soil of weeds and cover with foil until the autumn planting of the bush. Then remove the film, dig up the ground to a depth of 15 cm and add fertilizer.
For planting several seedlings, the principle of a checkerboard pattern is suitable, in this case there will be enough space for them. The distance between the bushes is 50-150 cm. Irga is planted as gooseberries or raspberries. After planting, cut the branches of the plant up to 15 cm, leaving a couple of buds on each of them.
The plant does not need much maintenance. All you need to do is water (if there is no rain), remove weeds around and add fertilizer if necessary. With proper care, the fruits can appear by the second half of next summer. But do not forget about this unpretentious plant, like any other.
Several cognitive facts
- The botanical name for the shrub is Amelanhier. It speaks of a very sweet, honeyed berry taste. In botany, the irgi fruit is considered an apple.
- There are nineteen species of this plant.
- His homeland is North America. In Canada, the plant is used to make wines. In Russia, the shrub appeared only at the beginning of the twentieth century.
- All countries in their own way call this shrub. Germany - "rocky pear", Russia - "wine berry", Italy - "willow delicacy".
- If you eat 1 kg of berries at a time, it will cause instant sleep.
Irga - a very mysterious plant, and few people know about its miraculous properties. It is extremely beneficial for a healthy body. Therefore, it is worth showing interest in this shrub plant.
Video: the benefits of irgi
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Collection time, procurement and storage
Irga grows in temperate latitudes. The culture is characterized by good adaptability and outstanding winter hardiness; it is grown in a summer cottage, where it also serves as an ornamental plant.
Bushes are propagated by basal processes, seeds... In the first case, the fruits appear at 2–3 years, then in the second - at 4–5 years.
A well-lit place is chosen, since the irga does not fully mature in the shade.
The bush bears fruit in late summer... Harvesting is carried out in 2-3 stages, as the fruits reach ripeness one by one.
If berries are bought on the market, then they make sure that they were dark blue, undamaged. The market sells fruits of two types of plants - Canadian (larger and sweeter) and ordinary.
In order not to confuse irgu with chokeberry, you should be aware of the differences. Rowan has hard leaves, with a downy on the back. It ripens later, has an astringent taste, and is firm to the touch.
The irgi tree looks more elegant. The leaves are thin, soft. The berries are smaller, but juicy and sweet-sour; when pressed, they burst and let juice out.
Freeze in one layer on a tray, and then poured into a bag and sent back to the freezer.
Dry storage is common... The berries are laid out in one layer on a net in the shade and wait until they dry.
If using a dryer or oven, then the temperature should not exceed 60 degrees.