Lupine

Lupine

What's this

Lupine is a wonderful ornamental plant that grows both spontaneously and cultivated. It is a legume whose full botanical name is Lupinus albus, as regards the white variety. The lupine, in fact, includes two other varieties: the yellow lupine, Lupinus luteus and the blue lupine, Lupinus angustifolius. This plant belongs to the Papilionaceae family. Lupine is native to Mediterranean Europe and the Middle East, where it is still present today. In the past, its seeds were used as fodder for animals. For human consumption they were roasted in order to be used as a substitute for coffee. Lupine is a plant suitable for human consumption due to its high protein content and very low fat content, which make it better than soy, which, on the other hand, contains 23% fat compared to just 8% of lupine. The latter plant has an erect stem, up to one and a half meters high and alternate leaves formed by a single petiole that contains from five to nine small lanceolate and oval leaves covered with light hair in the lower part. The flowers are large and gathered in showy branches, white, yellow and blue, depending on the variety. The fruit is a legume that contains three to six seeds, the so-called "lupins". The plant prefers very acidic and well-drained soils, while it dies or rots in calcareous ones. Ripens in summer, between June and July and the harvest takes place in autumn. The use of lupine as a food and as a medicinal remedy has often been neglected due to the absence of specific studies on its properties which have only recently been the subject of some research funded by the European health authorities.


Property

Lupine contains toxic substances: lupine and the most dangerous she-wolf. These are alkaloids that give a bitter taste to the seeds and that if ingested can trigger allergic reactions, even causing death. Before using them for herbal or culinary purposes, in fact, lupine seeds are treated to completely eliminate toxic alkaloids. The seeds are the part of the lupine used for both food and herbal purposes. In addition to alkaloids, they also contain resins, Vitamin C, oils, proteins, vanillin, lecithin, albumin and an indefinite series of organic substances to which hypoglycemic properties are attributed. In fact, it seems that these substances have the power to significantly lower cholesterol and blood sugar levels in diabetic subjects, so much so that they are considered more effective than insulin. Lupine also seems to be an excellent vermifuge, especially for pinworms, or intestinal parasites. Other effects are those diuretics, aperitifs, emmenagogues, febrifuge and emollients in case of eczema and other skin problems.

  • The lupine

    Annual herbaceous plant is both spontaneous and cultivated, with a height that can vary between thirty and seventy centimeters. The root system appears taproot, branchy and yellowish.The caule tends to be ...

Uses

The part of the lupine used for medicinal purposes are the seeds, both fresh and toasted. Before ingesting them, however, they must be washed thoroughly with cold water or boiled in order to eliminate the bitter taste due to the presence of alkaloids. Washing is used to purify the seeds of toxic substances. To combat diabetes you can take 2, 3, up to a maximum of 5 toasted seeds, to be chewed every other day. Roasted and ground seeds such as coffee can also be taken in two hectograms of water twice a day. The drink can be sweetened to taste with saccharin. The quantity of ground seeds to be diluted in water is equal to two coffee spoons. To treat intestinal parasites, an enema obtained from the infusion of dry seeds is used. The ideal dose for the infusion is 30 grams of seeds left to soak in water for 24 hours, or 100 grams of seeds to be left in a liter of water for at least 10 hours. The infusion should be filtered and then used to make an enema every other day. The recommended dose is 250 grams of infusion. With this system, all intestinal parasites should be killed and eliminated. To combat skin diseases, such as eczema, washings based on decoctions of seeds are used. The recommended dose for the decoction is 30 grams in a liter of water. The decoction is also used to stimulate digestion, as a diuretic and to promote menstruation. In the past, applications based on lupine seed flour were also used to soothe the pain caused by cancer. The flour was diluted and cooked with vinegar to obtain a poultice to be applied on the diseased part. The same was also put on the hair, to kill lice, as it had an anti-parasitic effect. The pulverized seeds of lupine, in some regions of Italy, are also used to fight fever. The dose is one to three seeds to be swallowed for consecutive days. A fluid extract is also obtained from the lupine, the recommended dose is 32 drops twice a day. For food use, lupins can be eaten fresh or toasted, after having been washed or boiled, or, again after washing or pre-cooking, they can be preserved in brine, that is, under salt, like olives.


Lupine: Products

Although the production of lupins is lower than other legumes, they can be bought in shops and supermarkets or in markets. They are sold fresh, dried, vacuum-packed, cooked and packaged in bags, bags, buckets or trays from 250 grams to two and a half kilos. The average cost of lupins in one kilo packs is around eight euros.


Beginning of 20th century Edit

The Art Nouveau style was introduced in Italy by figures such as Giuseppe Sommaruga and Ernesto Basile (the former designed the Palazzo Castiglioni and the latter expanded the Palazzo Montecitorio in Rome). The principles of this new style were published in 1914 in the Futurist Architecture Manifesto (Manifesto of Futurist Architecture) by Antonio Sant'Elia. The Italian group of architects Gruppo 7 (1926) embraced Rationalism and Modernism principles. After the dissolution of the group, its distinguished figures Giuseppe Terragni (Casa del Fascio, Como), Adalberto Libera (Villa Malaparte in Capri) and Giovanni Michelucci (Santa Maria Novella Station in Florence, in collaboration) emerged. During the Fascist period, the so-called "Novecento movement" flourished, with figures such as Gio Ponti, Peter Aschieri, Giovanni Muzio. This movement was based on the rediscovery of imperial Rome. Marcello Piacentini, who was responsible for the urban transformations of several cities in Italy, and remembered for the disputed Via della Conciliazione in Rome, devised a form of "simplified Neoclassicism".

Fascism Edit

The period of time following the end of World War II was marked by several architectural talents, such as Luigi Moretti, Carlo Scarpa, Franco Albini, Giò Ponti, and Tomaso Buzzi, amongst others, with various styles. Pier Luigi Nervi, for example, designed bold and concrete structures, and acquired an international reputation: his work also influenced Riccardo Morandi and Sergio Musmeci. In a series of interesting debates, brought forward by critics such as Bruno Zevi, Rationalism prevailed, of which the Rome Termini Station can be said to be a paradigmatic work. The neorealism of Giovanni Michelucci (designer of numerous churches in Tuscany), Charles Aymonino, Mario Ridolfi and others (INA-Casa neighborhoods) was followed by the Neoliberty style (seen in earlier works of Vittorio Gregotti) and Brutalist architecture (Torre Velasca in Milan group BBPR, a residential building via Piagentina in Florence, Leonardo Savioli and works by Giancarlo De Carlo).

Modernism Edit

Carlo Scarpa executed many modernist projects throughout the Veneto region and particularly in Venice. Le Corbusier and Frank Lloyd Wright did not build anything in Italy, as opposed to Alvar Aalto (Santa Maria Assunta (Riola) Church of the Assumption in Riola, Vergato), Kenzo Tange (towers of Bologna Fair, the floor of Naples central business district (CDN)) and Oscar Niemeyer (home of Mondadori in Segrate). The Postmodern style in architecture, anticipated by Paolo Portoghesi around 1960, can be seen in the "Teatro del Mondo" (Theater of the World) built by Aldo Rossi for the Venice Biennale of 1980.

Rationalism also influenced Modernism in Italian architecture. Particularly, this design ethos reconciled the modern aesthetic ideals with religion, since this particular motif was not inimical to the priorities of the modern Italian architects. It gave rise to the so-called "secular-spirituality" - an element in Italian modernism - that focuses on the concept of enlightened rationalism. [1] Another aspect of Italian modernism involves the diversity of interpretations with respect to how modernity is experienced. For example, the northern regions interpreted unornamented design as a rejection of culture and style. [1]

Post-modernism Edit

Among the principal architects working in Italy between the end of the 20th and the beginning of the 21st centuries were Renzo Piano (Stadio San Nicola in Bari, restructuring the Old Port of Genoa, Auditorium Parco della Musica in Rome, Padre Pio in San Giovanni Rotondo ), Massimiliano Fuksas (skyscraper in the Piedmont region, Convention Center in the EUR), Gae Aulenti (the Railway Museum (Naples metro) of Naples underground), the Swiss Mario Botta (Museum of Modern and Contemporary Art of Trento and Rovereto, renovation of the Teatro alla Scala in Milan), Zaha Hadid (National Museum of the 21st Century Arts in Rome, skyscraper "Lo Storto" in Milan), Richard Meier (Church of God Merciful Father and the casket of the Ara Pacis, in Rome) , Norman Foster (Campus Luigi Einaudi in Turin, and the Belfiore station in Florence), Daniel Libeskind (skyscraper "Il Curvo" in Milan) and Arata Isozaki (Palasport Olimpico in Turin, with Pier Paolo Maggiora and Marco Brizio, "Il Dritto" skyscraper in M ilan).


Juanita Sanchez ready to get an education playing the best of the best in RI this season

With a rotation of mainly freshmen and sophomores, the Juanita Sanchez girls basketball team was a nice surprise in Division II last year. The Cavaliers went 11-6, made the D-II quarterfinals and qualified for the state tournament.

All of that made them a favorite to compete for the D-II title this year, but that won’t be happening. Instead, Juanita Sanchez is chasing a bigger goal.

The Cavaliers want to find out how good they actually are by playing the best the state has to offer.

Coaches voluntarily offering to move up isn’t commonplace when the RIIL realigns, but when Corey Brown was offered the opportunity to be a favorite for the D-II title or make the move to D-I, he didn't hesitate. With a young nucleus, Brown wants to build a program and what better way than showing his team how the best teams in the state do it on a nightly basis.

"They were excited. No one said go back down, "says Brown of his team's reaction when he told them they were going to D-I. “Why not go up and compete and learn? Maybe we stay up or we go back down, but I'm not looking for that. I'm looking for that experience to play the St. Rays, the South Kingstowns and those big-time schools. Why not go for it? "

Brown's reasoning is very simple. With COVID-19 throwing off the realignment schedule, this year's alignment is for one season. Next year, Juanita Sanchez will likely be in position to head back down to Division II next year after getting an education like no other.

It's an inviting opportunity, especially because his roster will be filled with experienced veterans the next two seasons and become the favorite to win titles in D-II. But Brown wants this education to show his girls that in order to be a champion, you have to be ready to compete every night.

In Division II, you could get away with a middling effort and get a W in D-I, there are no nights off. This might lead to more bumps and bruises - like Saturday's loss to La Salle - but it's for the greater good.

"I'm not saying we're going to win a championship," Brown says. I’m saying we won’t give up, we’ll play some tough competition every single night and see these players that made All-State and that should motivate you. "

They've got the talent and it starts with Sabanna Berrios. She was a double-double machine as a freshman and showed the rigors of D-I might not affect her on Saturday as she scored 17 in the loss to the Rams.

Juanita Sanchez has a talented shooter in junior Nysia Ortiz Sa'Myra Pina is versatile, comfortable handling the ball or playing in the post and Brown expects sophomore guards Smy'la Moten and Chrismairy Victoriano to be able to handle what DI teams will throw at them .

Brown has other newcomers he hopes will be able to find a role as he brings his fun-and-gun attack to the D-I level. They’re going to get an education in the next six weeks and don’t be surprised if they win more than their fair share of games.

"The worry isn't that they're going to be afraid of the players. They're afraid of the name," Brown says. "When you hear La Salle, you hear St. Rays and you hear South Kingstown, you get those feelings.

DIVISION I-NORTH

Coach: Meghan Reall

Last year: 9-9 Division I-A lost to No. 10 Barrington, 56-49, in D-I preliminary round lost to No. 1 La Salle, 54-27, in State Tournament Sweet 16

Key returners: Sarah Bandoma, C, Sr. Abby Clesas, G, Sr. Emily Iannuccilli, G, Jr. Tori Viau, G, Sr.

Others to watch: Ava Waterman, G, Fr.

Juanita Sanchez

Coach: Corey Brown

Last year: 11-6 Division II lost to No. 2 Classical, 74-34, in D-II quarterfinals

Key returners: Sabanna Berrios, F, So. Smy'ia Moten, G, So. Nysia Ortiz, G, Jr. Sa'Myra Pina, F / C, Jr. Chrismairy Victoriano, G, So.

Others to watch: Damaris Antiua Oviedo, G, Br. Jaylin Pena, F / C, So.

Coach: Lee Harris

Last year: 18-0 Division I-A lost to No. 3 South Kingstown, 49-46, in D-I final beat No. 16 Johnston, 54-27, in State Tournament Sweet 16

Key returners: Elayna Comella, G, Sr. Malena Corso, G / F, Sr. Mackenzie Grover, G, Sr. Danielle Harriman, F, So. Ashleigh Waterman, G, Jr.

Others to watch: Marissa Lamarre, G, So Grace Martone, F, Br. Ellen Snyder, G, So.

Coach: Frank Kiser

Last year: 17-0 Division II beat No. 2 Classical, 50-37, in D-II final beat No. 14 East Greenwich, 53-44, in State Tournament Sweet 16

Key returners: Molly Gelsomino, G, Sr. Emma LaPlante, F / C, Jr. Julia Olson, G / F, Jr. Rachel Oster, G, Sr. Talia St. Angelo, G, Sr.

Others to watch: Mia Clancy, G, So. Madison Geisser, G, Jr. Abby Pagnozzi, G, Sr. Olivia Provonsil, F, Sr.

Coach: Tammy Drape

Last year: 16-2 Division I-C forfeited to No. 10 Barrington in D-I quarterfinals (COVID) DNP in State Tournament Sweet 16 (COVID)

Key returners: Elizabeth Bruno, G, Sr. Amaya Dowdy, F / C, Sr. Chloe Rayko, G, Sr. Tatyana Vicente, G, Sr.

Others to watch: Victoria Adegboyega, F, Jr. Chelsea Dombroski, G, Br. Tyla Forbes, G / F, So. Genesis McNeill, G, So. Malyse Vieira, F, Sr.

DIVISION I-SOUTH

Cranston West

Coach: P.J. Thibodeau

Last year: 8-10 Division I-C lost to No. 8 East Greenwich, 65-50, in D-I preliminary round

Key returners: Kiley Abendroth, G, So. Catherine Albizu, F, Jr. Kaitlyn Antonucci, F, Jr. Amanda Degnan, F, Jr. Aydan Gulliver, F, So. Julia Robbins, G, Jr.

Others to watch: Amelia Polichetti, G, Br. Maia Riccio, F, Br. Olivia Tedeschi-Moran, G, Br.

Coach: Donna Beaudoin

Last year: 13-4 Division II lost to No. 1 Scituate, 69-39, in D-II semifinals lost to No. 9 Wheeler, 68-43, in State Tournament Sweet 16

Key returners: Lily Chace, F, Jr. Lissie Foley, F, Jr. Madison Lupino, G, Jr. Emma Martin, G, Jr. Anayah Melgar, G, Sr.

Others to watch: Hannah Duquette, F, Br. Mallory Lavigne, F, Br. Victoria Healey, G, Br.

East Greenwich

Coach: Dave Maccarone

Others to watch: Hope Gee, F, Jr. Gabriela Jackson, G / F, Br. Meghan Pagliaro, G / F, So. Lila Somvanshi, G, Jr.

North Kingstown

Coach: Bob Simeone

Last year: 15-3 Division I-C Lost to No. 1 La Salle, 37-32, in D-I semifinals beat No. 12 Cumberland, 49-27, in State Tournament Sweet 16

Key returners: Carley Laferty, F, So. Jordan Moreau, G, So. Carrie Peters, F, Jr. Jilian Rogers, G / F, So. Casey Westall, G, Sr.

Others to watch: Mackenzie Creed, Jr., F Bella Gregory, G, Sr. Katherine Martone, G / F, So. Anina Sherman, G, Jr.

South Kingstown

Coach: Scott Rollins

Last year: 16-2 Division I-B beat No. 1 La Salle, 49-46, in D-I championship beat No. 15 Chariho, 61-41, in State Tournament Sweet 16

Key returners: Jane Carr, G, Sr. Carley Fewlass, C, Sr. Morgan Gutelius, F, Sr. Jami Hill, G / F, Jr. Taylor Martin, G, Sr.

Others to watch: Finley Carr, G, Br. Sarah Hancock, F / C, Jr. Maysen Hill, F, Br.

DIVISION I-CENTRAL

Coach: Stephen Lenz

Others to watch: Dani Ceseretti, G, Br. Maddie Gill, G, Br. Lindsey Lemary, F / C, Br. Caroline McConaghy, G, So.

Coach: Chris Keller

Last year: 3-15 Division I-C

Key returners: Ahtiana Benway, G, So. Anna DeGirolamo, G, Sr. Kelsey Hottenstein, G / F, Sr. Jazmin Pierce, G / F, So. Haleigh Valle, G, Jr.

Others to watch: Sierra Baptista, G, So. Katie O’Connell, G / F, Sr. Ella Wasylow, G, So.

Moses Brown

Coach: Tamara Tardy

Others to watch: Brianna Colanglo, G, So. Ava Giardino, G, Br. Addy Prescott, G, Br. Hannah West, G, Br.

Coach: Risha Pellegrino

Last year: 10-8 lost to No. 3 South Kingstown, 76-34, in D-I quarterfinals beat No. 7 West Warwick, 59-46, in State Tournament Sweet 16

Key returners: Emily Colicci, G, Sr. Julianna Decomo, F, Sr. Kendall Ferris, F, Sr. Grace Gesmondi, G, Sr.

Others to watch: Morgan Casey, F, So. Emily Maito, F, So. Maeve Tullson, F, So.

Coach: Steph Chorus

Last year: 10-8 Division I-B lost to No. 4 North Kingstown, 63-49, in D-I quarterfinals beat No. 8 Coventry, 68-43, in State Tournament Sweet 16

Key returners: Kate Keenan, G, Sr. Hope Feeney, F, Jr. Mia Mancini, G, Jr. Izzy Santtana, G, Sr.

Others to watch: Erica Dabanka, F, Jr. Sadie Martiesian, G, Br. Lexi Miller, F, So. Lily Routhier, F, So.


Stephan Lupino is a Croatian photographer, master of erotic photography and a versatile artist of a peculiar style with a successful foreign career and one of the most famous photographers in the world. The magazine ”Paper” included Lupino on a list of ten people who marked the New York night scene in the eighties and nineties.

Lupino’s photos have been released by leading fashion and art world magazines such as Vogue, Zoom, King, Max, Photo, Playboy, Europeo and many others, and in front of his camera, he has attracted thousands of thriving beauties and many famous musicians. His sculptures are exhibited all over the world and are among the top works of world modern art. In addition to photography and sculpture, he is also engaged in painting, directing commercial and music videos, and art films. He has released several books of his photographs.
The magazine ”Paper” included Lupino on a list of ten people who marked the New York night scene in the eighties and nineties.


Resisting War and Patriarchy: Two Women (Vittorio De Sica, 1960)

Vittorio De Sica's wartime drama The ciociara (Two Women, 1960) had a decidedly peculiar genesis. Adapted from a 1957 novel by Alberto Moravia, with a script by De Sica's long-time collaborator Cesare Zavattini, the film was based on real-life events that took place in Italy in 1943 - later dubbed the Marocchinate - in which Moroccan troops of the French Expeditionary Corps embarked on a wave of mass rapes and murders while supposedly serving the Allied campaign for the liberation of Italy from the reign of Benito Mussolini.

Producer Carlo Ponti bought the rights to the novel, which originally was set to star Anna Magnani and Sophia Loren as a mother and daughter trying to survive the last days of the war by leaving Rome and moving to the countryside, only to find lawlessness just as prevalent there as in the city. American director George Cukor was slated to direct the film for Paramount Pictures as an Italian – American co-production, but Magnani dropped out of the project, worried that Ponti - who was married to Loren - would favor the younger actress.

Cukor also abandoned the project, and Ponti then pressed ahead with Vittorio De Sica as director, casting Loren in the mother's role originally slated for Magnani, and the then twelve-year-old unknown Eleonora Brown as her daughter. With Paramount out of the picture, Ponti financed the film with a mixture of Italian and French funding, which led to the somewhat surprising but inspired casting of Jean-Paul Belmondo as Michele, an idealistic young communist who befriends the two women.

The film's structure is simple and episodic. Cesira (Loren), a young widow who runs a small grocery store in Rome with her sheltered daughter Rosetta (Brown), decides to flee the city, which is continually being bombed by the Allies. After convincing a neighbor, Giovanni (Raf Vallone), to watch the store while she’s gone, Cesira and Rosetta take a train to Parma, which is stopped when the tracks ahead are bombed.

Unwilling to wait for repairs that will probably never come, Cesira and Rosetta set off on their own, their suitcases precariously balanced on their heads, hoping to escape to their extended family in the country.

But with the oncoming defeat of the Axis powers, no-one is really in charge. Renegade bands of retreating German soldiers roam the countryside, and Italian Fascists still seek to conscript young men for service in the army, even as American soldiers roll in with tanks and artillery. Cesira has brought with her a considerable amount of money to purchase food at exorbitant black-market prices, but the continual warfare makes everyone a refugee in their own country, with the power struggle between the competing armies keeping everyone at risk. In short, there is no safe place to hide, and every day is yet another fight for survival.

In the country, Cesira meets Michele (Belmondo), a handsome and charismatic young revolutionary who is at odds with the other townspeople, who don't seem to understand why they're constantly being bombed and shot at. The locals don't really know much about politics many are supporters of Mussolini who don't know what all the fuss is about, but, for the most part, they all just want the war to end so they can go back to their daily lives.

De Sica was the ideal director for project, much better than Cukor would have been, despite the latter's undeniable talent, because De Sica had a direct connection to the period in question - and, in many ways, never escaped the profound influence it had on his life and work. From Shut up (Shoeshine, 1946) to bike thieves (Bicycle Thieves, 1948) to his last major work, The garden of the Finzi Contini (The Garden of the Finzi-Continis, 1970), De Sica was in many ways formed by the events of World War II. Even in projects wherein he was only an actor - such as Roberto Rossellini's General Della Rovere (1959), in which De Sica portrayed an unscrupulous “fixer” in war-torn Italy, ready to bargain with both the Nazis and the resistance - the era was never far from his mind.

Shot in gritty black-and-white on a minimal budget with minimal special effects and occasional chunks of stock footage by the gifted Gábor Pogány (a Hungarian cinematographer who emigrated to Italy and did most of his work there), and with an appropriately apprehensive musical score by Armando Trovajoli, Two Women concentrates almost solely on Cesira and Rosetta - and Loren, only 25 at the time of the film’s shooting, more than rises to the occasion. The film’s sympathies are clearly with the female protagonists, and (with the exception of the saintly Michele, who has a sizeable role as the film’s conscience and as a possible romantic interest for Cesira) it is the women’s story that dominates the entire project.

Cesira is seem from the start having to push away men who seek to sexually harass her, giving in reluctantly to Giovanni in the film’s beginning only to secure the safety of her grocery store in her absence. Throughout the film, men continually try to take advantage of her, but Cesira fights back with steely assurance, sheltering the naïve Rosetta as much as she can from the horrors of war. But as they drift from one place to another, and finally find refuge in an abandoned church, Cesira’s worst nightmare comes true as a band of more than twenty Moroccan soldiers invade the sanctuary, and brutally rape both women.

One of the most shocking shots in the film, indeed, is a close-up of Cesira's face, pinned to the floor as she is about to be raped, looking across the floor of the church to see her daughter, Rosetta, about the suffer the same fate, but unable, finally, to help her. In the group rape’s aftermath, both women stagger out of the church, utterly violated, and wash themselves in a stream in a culvert below. Without illusions from the start of the film, Cesira seems to have expected something like this would eventually happen, but Rosetta has been utterly traumatized by the experience. As the film ends, mother and daughter are trying to reconnect in the wake of this violation, as an image of the two women embracing falls back within the frame, getting smaller and smaller until it disappears from our view.

Impresario Joseph E. Levine acquired the US rights to the film after seeing only a few minutes of the project, convinced it would a huge success. Levine mounted a nonstop campaign for Academy Awards recognition by screening the film throughout the United States on the "arthouse" circuit - which was at that time quite robust - helped by the fact that Loren dubbed her entire role into English herself for the dubbed "mass release ”version of the film and accompanied Levine on his whirlwind promotional tour. Levine was not disappointed: Two Women was an international success for both Loren and De Sica, winning Loren both the Academy Award for Best Actress in 1960 and Best Actress at Cannes in 1961, and effectively launching her career as a serious actor.

But the intensity and sincerity of the film is its major calling card it was a feminist document in an age of overwhelming patriarchy, propelled by Loren’s astonishingly intense performance and De Sica’s near-neorealist documentary edge in the film’s construction. Two Women also demonstrates the fragility of the film medium through a series of legal blunders, the film fell into the public domain, and for more than three decades it survived only in cheap, bootleg 16mm prints and pan-and-scan DVDs, only to be finally reconstituted in 2017 in a sparkling new digital remaster. In short, we almost lost this film through corporate neglect, until a few dedicated film buffs decided to risk money to save it from complete destruction.

Two Women, then, is not only a masterpiece for De Sica, but also a personal triumph for Loren as well as Brown, who was nurtured through the film’s production by her co-star in a manner that paralleled the film’s brutal and unforgiving narrative. Seeing it today, one is reminded again of the personal passion that surrounded its creation, from studio film to independent project, backed by international financing arrangements and then promoted by a feisty independent promoter to international success. Two Women is a story of survival and triumph on all levels, and, as such, is one of the crowning glories of international feminist cinema.

The ciociara (Two Women, 1960 Italy 110 mins)

Prod Co: Champion Film Company, Cocinor, Les Films Marceau,

Société Générale de Cinématographie Prod: Carlo Ponti Dir: Vittorio De Sica Scr: Cesare Zavattini Phot: Gábor Pogány Ed: Adriana Novelli Prod. Des: Gastone Medin Mus: Armando Trovajoli

Cast: Sophia Loren, Eleonora Brown, Jean-Paul Belmondo, Raf Vallone


About 200 species of this genus

  • Lupino mutabilis, the changing lupine
  • Lupine luteum, the yellow lupine
  • Dwarf lupine, Douglas lupine
  • Lupinus constancei, a rare and dwarf species
  • Lupinus arboreus, the lupine tree
  • Lupinus polyphyllus, the garden lupine, the species that causes Russell's lupins

Maps of plants of the same genus

  • Lupine , Lupine
  • Arboreal lupine , Lupine Tree, Lupine Tree
  • Lupine luteum , Lupine luteum , Yellow lupine, False brown lupine
  • Lupine mutabilis , Change of lupine
  • Lupine x russellii , Russell Lupino, Garden Lupine


Video: Lupinus - Russell lupine - Lúpína - Úlfabaunir - Garðagróður - Skrautlúpína