The popularity of cilantro in Russian latitudes is growing every year. If earlier only amateurs were engaged in its cultivation, today more and more farmers are cultivating the culture, sowing considerable areas. Planting and growing cilantro, not only in the open field, but also at home, allows you to get fresh greens even in winter or early spring. The main thing is to create the necessary conditions for the plants and provide appropriate care.
Cilantro and coriander: what is the difference
Many people mistakenly believe that cilantro and coriander are different plants. They are actually the same culture, parts of which smell differently. Coriander is the seed and cilantro is the green part of a single plant. Seeds (coriander) are used in cooking as a spice that allows you to keep meat dishes fresh for a long time, and cilantro greens are added to salads or sauces.
Cilantro and coriander are part of the same plant
Timing and methods of planting cilantro
Taking into account the fact that cilantro is a cold-resistant crop (the plant is able to withstand a drop in temperature to –5 )С), it can be sown in the ground from April, as soon as the snow melts, the soil thaws and warms up to + 6–8 С. In this case, the first greens can be cut at the beginning of summer.
If you want to get it earlier, you can resort to growing in seedlings. For this:
- Seeds are planted in a planting container in February.
- After that, the cultivation is carried out at home on the windowsill.
- With the arrival of spring, cilantro seedlings are transplanted into a greenhouse or open ground, depending on the climatic characteristics of the region.
Video: how you can grow cilantro
It is possible to plant a crop in winter, as a result of which the greens can be obtained in March-April, depending on the region.
With greenhouse cultivation of coriander, sowing should be done in late February or early March, and the appearance of the first shoots should be expected after 40 days.
If we consider that the crop for greens is cut 35–55 days after germination, then several crops can be harvested per season. Sowing seeds in unprotected soil can be done almost until mid-summer.
Sowing with seeds in open ground
In order for cilantro planting in open ground and its care to be successful, bringing a decent harvest, it is necessary to prepare the site, sow correctly and provide the plants with appropriate care.
Site selection, preparation of soil and beds
For growing cilantro, well-lit areas with loamy and sandy loam soils are most preferred. You can also plant in slightly shaded beds, but not in the deep shade of trees. Otherwise, the plants will grow rather weak and quickly discard the flower stalks to the detriment of the greenery. If the soil on the site is not suitable for this culture, then the bed should be prepared in the fall, for which sand is added or humus is added at 0.5 buckets per 1 m² - this will make the soil lighter. In addition to organic matter, you can apply mineral fertilizers such as potassium and superphosphate - 30 g per 1 m². Immediately before sowing, 1 tablespoon of urea is added to the soil on the same area and spilled with a weak solution of potassium permanganate.
When preparing the beds for cilantro, potash, phosphorus or complex fertilizers are applied
The cilantro bed should be located in an elevated position to avoid getting the plants wet in the lowlands.
When sowing cilantro in early spring, when there is enough moisture in the soil, seed preparation is reduced to soaking in water at room temperature for several hours, although this procedure is optional. For faster germination, you can use a growth stimulator (for example, Energen according to the instructions). Some gardeners use aloe juice in a 1: 1 ratio with water instead of purchased products.
Natural biostimulator of growth Energen accelerates seed germination
The order and methods of planting
After preparing the site and seeds, you can start sowing. Perform it as follows:
- The beds are leveled and grooves are made 1.5–2 cm deep.
For sowing cilantro, the beds are leveled and grooves are made 1.5-2 cm deep
- Furrows are spilled with warm water from a watering can.
Before sowing the seeds, the furrows are spilled with warm water from a watering can
- Seeds are sown at 15–20 cm intervals.
Cilantro seeds are sown at some distance so that the seedlings do not interfere with each other's development
- Sprinkle dry earth on top of the planting.
Sowing cilantro can be done in different ways:
- rows - in order to facilitate the care of the plantings, a distance of at least 15 cm must be observed between the rows;
- in the holes - the pits are placed at a distance of 10-15 cm from each other and 2-3 seeds are placed in each;
- randomly - sowing seeds in the garden in random order, but strong thickening should be avoided.
Video: sowing cilantro in open ground
In order to harvest several cilantro crops per season, you need to prepare at least a couple of beds. As soon as it is noticed that the previously planted greens have begun to turn yellow, proceed to sowing new seeds.
Caring for a spicy crop, although it does not give any special worries, nevertheless, must be correct and regular. The procedure is reduced to loosening the soil, removing weeds and timely watering. If cilantro is sown early, you can build a small greenhouse, or at least plant it under film. Under favorable conditions, seedlings from the ground are shown 2-3 weeks after sowing. During this period, attention should be focused on irrigation. Watering is done 2 times a week, consuming 4–5 liters of water per 1 m². Such a rate is necessary during the growing season when building up the green mass. If the plant is grown for the purpose of obtaining seeds, then during the ripening period of the seed, watering is reduced to 2 liters per 1 m².
Cilantro seedlings must be watered, weeded and loosened in a timely manner.
When cilantro seedlings reach a height of 2-3 cm, thinning is carried out. When removing excess shoots in the garden, only the strongest should be left, while the minimum spacing between plants should be 6 cm.
Thinning is necessary in order to grow lush greenery and get a bountiful harvest, since in dense plantings it will be weak and with few leaves.
An important procedure is the thinning of cilantro seedlings, in which weak plants are removed and strong
As for fertilizing, this procedure is not necessary on pre-fertilized soils. If the plants are pale, then there is not enough nitrogen in the ground. In this case, 10–20 g of urea or ammonium nitrate is diluted in 10 liters of water and irrigated. In the summer, top dressing is applied in conjunction with the irrigation procedure.
Cilantro is cut off as the green mass grows, and this is done before flowering, since during the active growth of peduncles, the aerial part becomes coarser. After harvesting, the leaves are dried in the shade, if necessary, crushed, placed in glass containers and hermetically closed.
The seeds are harvested when they turn brown-brown: this time is in August. Then they are dried in the sun and threshed. To store the grains, paper bags are used.
Cilantro is cut as the green mass grows, and this is done before flowering.
Planting cilantro at home
There is an opinion that it is not so easy to grow cilantro at home, although in fact, with the right approach, there are no particular difficulties. First of all, you need to take care of the preparation of the container, the soil substrate and the location of the seedlings. Consider in more detail the planting and caring for cilantro in an apartment or in a private house.
To make the plants feel as comfortable as possible, you need to choose the right planting containers. It is good if the container is oblong, 40–45 cm deep and 25–30 cm wide. Such container sizes are explained by the fact that the culture does not like transplants, and its root system is quite large. Regardless of the container chosen, there should be drainage holes at the bottom, since cilantro does not tolerate too wet soil. Therefore, if there are no holes in the pot, they must be made.
For sowing cilantro seeds, containers of large volumes are chosen, since the culture does not like transplants.
As with outdoor cultivation, cilantro requires a nutritious and loose soil with a neutral reaction (pH 6.5-7). The culture does not tolerate acidic soils.
To determine the reaction of the soil, special indicator strips or a device for determining acidity are used.
You can buy the substrate or prepare it yourself. In the second case, the following components are used:
- garden land - 2 parts,
- humus - 1 part,
- ash - 2 tablespoons per 1 kg of potting soil.
You can buy cilantro soil or prepare it yourself.
Where to install the landing container
To create optimal conditions, the container with plantings must be placed in a place where the temperature will not drop below +15˚FROM. At lower readings, the plant stops growing and developing. In addition, the seedlings should be illuminated for 12-14 hours. Therefore, during early planting (for example, in March), additional lighting with fluorescent or special phytolamps will need to be organized. The best place to place the cilantro container is on the south or southwest side windowsill.
Seed preparation and sowing
For sowing crops, seeds must be purchased from gardening stores, not from the spice section of a supermarket, since the chance of germinating such seed is very low. This is explained by the fact that coriander intended for cooking is pre-dehydrated for better storage.
The fresher the seeds are, the more amicable and stronger the cilantro shoots will be.
For sowing, you need to take fresh seeds and only in gardening stores
When the containers for planting are prepared, it is necessary to soak the seeds in water for 2 hours to improve germination. After that, you can start sowing. Do the following:
- The containers are filled with the substrate and grooves are made 1.5 cm deep at a distance of 5–7 cm from each other.
- Sowing is done sparsely so that the seedlings do not interfere with each other. Sprinkle the seeds with earth on top and compact them slightly.
- The soil is sprayed with a spray bottle.
- The container with crops is covered with a plastic bag and transferred to a warm place.
Video: sowing cilantro at home
Cilantro seedlings at home should be expected in 1.5–2 weeks. When sprouts appear, the container is transferred to the windowsill and the bag is removed. Crop care is the same as outdoors. Plants are provided with watering in a timely manner, thinned out and fed. Moistening of the soil should be abundant, especially at the stage of building up the aboveground part. However, after irrigation, when the water drains, it is drained from the sump. To avoid drying out the leaves, the plants are periodically sprayed.
Watering cilantro should be given special attention at the stage of growing green mass
Thickening of the plantings should not be allowed, since the plants in this case grow weak, which prevents the build-up of a large amount of green mass. Thinning is performed at the stage of 1–2 true leaves, removing weaker shoots and leaving only strong ones. There should be a gap of about 10 cm between the seedlings. If flower stalks appear, then they need to be pinched, which will contribute to the formation of more leaves. Cilantro is fed with complex mineral fertilizers once a month according to the instructions, combining the procedure with watering.
It is recommended to cut the leaves just before use. This is done when 5–6 leaves are formed on the plants. To preserve cilantro for a longer time, it can be frozen or dried. For freezing, greens are washed, dried and placed in a plastic bag, then placed in the freezer.
Cilantro leaves can be dried or frozen after harvest
What can and can not be planted next to cilantro
To make cilantro feel comfortable outdoors, you should pay attention to both previous crops and plants growing in the neighborhood. Good predecessors of coriander include:
However, there are crops after which it is better not to plant cilantro:
- late cabbage;
To get a good harvest of cilantro and other greens, you need to know the rules of crop rotation.
Good neighbors for coriander are:
- White cabbage;
Before planting cilantro on the site, you need to take into account which plants were grown on it before and which are planned to be cultivated nearby.
Cultures to Avoid:
Growing cilantro on your site or at home is not as difficult as it might seem at first glance. To get this spicy crop, it is enough to adhere to simple planting and maintenance rules, and in just a few weeks, lush greenery will decorate your table.
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Cilantro: planting and grooming outdoors
Cilantro (or coriander) appeared on our tables from Asian countries, where it has not lost its popularity for five millennia. It is often even called Chinese parsley. This spicy herb goes well with meat, fish and vegetable dishes, giving them a unique oriental flavor. Seasoning is used both fresh and dried.
This annual plant contains a high concentration of essential oils and therefore has a wonderful, incomparable aroma. The spice is characterized by two hypostases: greens and seeds. When a plant is grown only to the flowering stage, it is taken to be called cilantro. If the goal is to get seeds, then you are growing coriander. In any case, the agronomic methods will be the same.
Features of the cultivation of cilantro.
To grow a crop and get a good harvest, four important conditions must be observed.
- When preparing the land for planting coriander, you need to additionally add compost.
- On hot days, plants need to ensure not only constant watering, but also to prevent the soil from drying out, as this will slow down the maturation of the seedlings. As a result, you may not have time to get the harvest before the onset of cold weather.
- It is not worth growing coriander and cilantro from the same plants. It is advisable to separate them: collect seeds from some, and fragrant greens from others.
- The implementation of all agrotechnical measures will make it possible to get a harvest of seeds in mid-September.
Diseases and pests
|Diseases and pests||Prophylaxis||Fight|
|Powdery mildew||Soil treatment with chemicals, seed preparation.||Since the plant is eaten, it is better to give preference to folk remedies, such as:|
- pollination with infusion of garlic
- rotted grass.
- infusions of ash
Growing cilantro can be very enjoyable and effortless if done right. Fresh herbs in dishes and preparations are always important not only in summer. And cilantro, in addition to its taste and aroma, also has a lot of useful qualities.Coriander is also popular in various oriental cuisines and for medicinal purposes. Therefore, cilantro is ideal for growing even at home.