Zamaniha (lat.Oplopanax, Echinopanax) - a genus of shrubs of the Araliaceae family, reaching a meter height in culture. The lure got its name because of the bright red berries. Sometimes the lure is called a "useful hedgehog" because of the short and curved, like a rose, thorns. And the Latin name Echinopanax consists of the words "echinos" - hedgehog (needle) and "panax" - all-healing. The bait grows in North America, Korea, China, Japan and the Far East, but it is less and less common to meet it in the wild, it is even listed in the Red Book. Zamaniha is a relative of ginseng, so its roots and rhizomes have healing powers, which became known only in 1950.
Zamaniha - relict deciduous shrub, reaching a height of 1 meter, sometimes - 3 meters. The rhizome is ligneous, horizontal. Aerial shoots - ascending, up to 2 centimeters in diameter, with brittle thorns. The leaves are alternate, rounded, up to 30 centimeters in diameter, the petioles are hollow, long. Leaves are five- to seven-lobed. The lure blooms with small yellowish-green flowers, collected in drooping inflorescences 15 centimeters long. Fruits are round juicy drupes, usually red, but sometimes yellow-red. Lure blooms in summer, in June or July, and the fruits ripen by August or September.
Types of lure
Cultivated as a rule Echinopanax elatum, or Lure highgrowing in nature in the south of the Primorsky Territory. After the end of the growing season, they dig up roots and rhizomes up to 40 cm long and up to 3 cm thick and make a tincture of alcohol, which is used in medicine to lower blood sugar levels, with hypotension, nervous diseases, depression, diabetes mellitus and other serious diseases. In North America, in the USA and Canada, it grows Oplopanax horridus - Bristle bristle, in whose magical properties the natives believed from time immemorial. It was widely used to prepare a strengthening drink, therefore it became a rarity in its native coniferous forests.
Growing the bait
It is not difficult to grow bait, the most difficult thing is to get planting material. Breeds plant with seeds and root suckers like cherry. Seed reproduction, despite the efforts, gives a very low germination rate, therefore it is better in early spring, before the buds appear, to plant pieces of roots, without burying deep, just sprinkling it lightly with earth, and when the seedlings stretch 15-20 cm in height, plant them in the fall, after the end of the growing season, already in a permanent place.
In nature, the bait grows in shady places, and if you are going to grow it on your land plot, place it in the shade of trees or build a polycarbonate canopy over it with a light transmission of 5%. Protection is required only from cold drafts. Prepare the soil in advance: compact it, fertilize it with ash and humus, add sand to the soil, moisten it well. Dig a hole 1 m deep, not less, and 0.8 m wide, create a thick drainage layer at the bottom so that water does not stagnate during the snow melt.
Planted plant water twice a week with lukewarm water. Consumption - 7 liters per plant. The soil should be moist and loose all the time. Cover the plant with tow or coniferous branches for the winter. In winter, throw snow on the seedlings to keep them from freezing. When the plants mature, it will be possible not to cover them for the winter, provided that the winters are snowy. Even if adult plants freeze, they will quickly recover. You need to care for mature shrubs like any other shrub: weed, fertilize and water as needed.
The healing properties of the zamanih acquires by 5-7 years. At this time in the fall, after the fruits ripen, rhizomes with roots are dug up, cleaned from the ground, cut and dried in the shade. Tincture from zamaniha is made in the same way as from ginseng. The shelf life of raw materials is three years.
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Thyme plant: growing conditions in the apartment and in the garden
Most housewives strive to grow a variety of seasonings at home in order to improve the taste of their dishes, saturate them with extraordinary aromas. The thyme plant belongs to the group of herbs that are indispensable in the kitchen, without which any preparation of meat and fish dishes is indispensable. Of course, you can buy ready-made packaged herbs in stores, but it is much more pleasant to use fresh seasoning, rich in aromatic oils and flavor. Let's take a look at the process of growing grass at home.
Features of nettle
A perennial or annual plant such as nettle can be dioecious or monoecious. Solid oppositely positioned sheet plates have a serrated, toothed or three-square-cut edge. On the surface of the leaf blades and shoots, there are often a large number of stinging bristles. The pseudo-spike inflorescences include staminate or pistillate flowers. The fruit is a flat-shaped compressed nutlet that is covered with a perianth.
The structure of the stinging hairs of this plant, which is a rather large cell, is similar to a medical ampoule. Inside them there is juice, formic acid, choline and histamine are present in its composition. If you touch such a hair, then its upper part breaks and sticks into the surface of the skin. The juice trapped under the skin causes a sensation of a sharp burn only in the place that has come into contact with the nettle. As a rule, such burns do not harm human health. However, there are several tropical nettle species, the burns of which can be fatal to humans. On the territory of Russia, nettle prefers to grow near fences, in vegetable gardens, damp meadows, wastelands, forest clearings, near roads, along the banks of reservoirs, in ditches, as well as in ravines. The fact that stinging nettle has healing properties became known to people for a long time, in this regard, such a weed plant is grown both by gardeners and cultivated on an industrial scale.
Growing wild rosemary
Planting wild rosemary
The best time for planting wild rosemary is spring. However, if the plant is sold with a closed root system, then the planting time does not really matter. Since the plants are planted in a permanent place for many years, the planting pits should be 30-40 cm deep, although the bulk of its roots are at a depth of 20 cm.If you want to create a bright spot, and wait several years for one specimen to grow, do not enough patience, plant a few bushes, while the distance between plants in the group should be 50-70 cm.
Soil for wild rosemary
Ledum plants prefer acidic soils. Therefore, the pit is filled with a mixture of high peat, coniferous soil and sand in a ratio (3: 2: 1). Some species can also grow on poor sandy soils. For example, greenland rosemary and large-leaved wild rosemary, for which the soil mixture is composed of the same components, but with a predominance of sand. At the bottom of the planting pit with a layer of 5-7 cm, drainage is poured, consisting of river pebbles and sand. Planting mulch.
To maintain the optimal level of soil acidity, it is necessary to regularly (2-3 times a month) water the plantings with acidified water. The bushes are fed once a year in spring with full mineral fertilizer. It is enough to scatter 1.5-2 tbsp around the bush in April-May. l. fertilizers.
Tolerates waterlogging, but does not tolerate drought and soil compaction. Loosening is also desirable, but careful, because due to the root system located at the surface, the roots can be damaged
There are 4 ways to propagate succulents:
- The planting material must be fresh. Rinse them before planting.
- The substrate is sandy and peaty. Before planting, it must be disinfected by calcining in the oven.
- There must be drainage holes in the pot.
A drainage layer is laid at the bottom of the pot, soil is poured on top... Before planting, it must be moistened by placing it in a pan with water. Next, you can sow seeds.
Maintain the temperature around 22 degrees. Before the emergence of shoots, its sharp jumps should not be allowed. Plant shoots begin to appear after 20 days. It may take longer, depending on the quality of the seeds.
You need to plant the plant no earlier than 6 months later. After diving, young succulents need to be shaded. This will help them get used to new conditions as soon as possible.
To plant a new plant, the cutting must be healthy and free of damage. After the cut, it must be put on the window so that the cut winds up, for 2 - 3 days. Then he is planted in a pot.
Succulent cuttings are not placed in the water. They will begin to rot in it and will not take root.
Stems and leaves take about 14 days to take root. Water it regularly as the substrate dries.
The leaf of the plant must be placed in a pot with loosened soil. Press it lightly into the ground. Next, leave it for two weeks. He will take root himself and give children.
Types of succulents that can be propagated by leaves. These include:
In some of the succulents, babies grow on the leaves, already with roots, for example, Kalanchoe. It remains to collect them and plant them in the soil.
Other plant species produce babies, such as haworthia and aloe... They are carefully separated from the mother plant and planted.
Creeping succulent varieties, such as delosperma, can be propagated by layering. The stem of the plant is dug in, after the appearance of the roots, it is separated, transplanted into a separate pot.
Choosing a place. Eustoma loves the sun, so a south-facing window would be the best place for her. However, on hot summer days, you need to apply shading, or take the plant out to fresh air. If it spends the whole summer in the garden or on the balcony, then with the onset of autumn it must be brought into the house. With good care, eustoma can survive the winter safely. In the spring, you will need to divide the bush into two parts.
The soil. Any light and nutritious soil with normal acidity is suitable for the plant. It is very important that the pot has good drainage. And in order for the eustoma to feel good, you need to add a lot of fine sand to the soil mixture.
Watering. Despite the fact that in nature, eustoma grows in places where the humidity is slightly increased, when grown indoors, it is afraid of excessive watering. It should be watered so that the earth has time to dry out between waterings. It is better to take warm water for this. Diseases and pests. The flower can be affected by spider mites, as well as thrips and whiteflies. In the event of an attack by pests, it is necessary to treat the plant with insecticides. The plant can get sick with mycosis, gray rot and fusarium. Those plants that are grown for one year are not transplanted. Growing irezine as a perennial plant, it is transplanted every three years using a slightly acidic substrate. Usually, flower growers use ready-made land mixtures, which are easy to buy at any store. You can prepare the substrate yourself. For this, peat, sand, deciduous, sod and humus soil are mixed in certain proportions. Naturally, there should be expanded clay drainage at the bottom of the pot. If you pinch the apical shoots of irezine annually, then the plant will delight with lush growth. The plant undergoes serious pruning in February, for more active growth in the spring. The culture is not transplanted more often than once every three years, since the root system develops rather slowly. Irezine is propagated by seeds and mainly by cuttings. In the spring, cuttings are cut from adult specimens, planted in the sand. The optimum air temperature for cuttings is maintained at + 17… + 20 ° C. In this case, the cuttings of the flower will take root within a week. After the roots appear, the cuttings are planted in containers, a substrate is used. The temperature must be kept at the level of + 19… + 21 ° C. Irezina will be an invaluable attractive decoration for any interior, pleasantly delighting every day with beautiful leaves and shoots.
Top dressing. During the growing season, it is necessary to apply a complex liquid fertilizer.
Transplant and reproduction
Reproduction methods of irezin
Watch the video: All you need to know about Zamioculcas Zamiifolia ZZ Plant
Diseases and pests. The flower can be affected by spider mites, as well as thrips and whiteflies. In the event of an attack by pests, it is necessary to treat the plant with insecticides. The plant can get sick with mycosis, gray rot and fusarium.
Those plants that are grown for one year are not transplanted. Growing irezine as a perennial plant, it is transplanted every three years using a slightly acidic substrate. Usually, flower growers use ready-made land mixtures, which are easy to buy at any store. You can prepare the substrate yourself. For this, peat, sand, deciduous, sod and humus soil are mixed in certain proportions. Naturally, there should be expanded clay drainage at the bottom of the pot.
If you pinch the apical shoots of irezine annually, then the plant will delight with lush growth. The plant undergoes serious pruning in February, for more active growth in the spring.
The culture is not transplanted more often than once every three years, since the root system develops rather slowly.
Irezine is propagated by seeds and mainly by cuttings. In the spring, cuttings are cut from adult specimens, planted in the sand. The optimum air temperature for cuttings is maintained at + 17… + 20 ° C. In this case, the cuttings of the flower will take root within a week. After the roots appear, the cuttings are planted in containers, a substrate is used. The temperature must be kept at the level of + 19… + 21 ° C.
Irezina will be an invaluable attractive decoration for any interior, pleasantly delighting every day with beautiful leaves and shoots.