This is a flower that blooms during periods when there is a lack of sunlight, and there is practically no greenery on the street and gives off the arrival of winter. From October to February, only some ornamental plants standing on the windowsill and not shedding their foliage, like their distant counterparts that are on the street, are pleasing to the eye. Here one cannot but pay attention to the pentas, which not only warms the soul with the presence of greenery, but simply blows up a person's consciousness with the appearance of its flowering hat, as if with an explosion of a multi-colored fireworks on New Year's Eve. At the moment of appearance of such a hat, strewn with inflorescences - five-pointed stars, one cannot help falling in love with this flower, which seems to say that winter will definitely end.
Many growers call the pentas a bouquet in a pot or an Egyptian star. One cannot but agree with this, since even one pot with this flower is enough to cheer up. If we consider that a bouquet can have completely different colors, then in this regard, he has no equal.
To properly care for an Egyptian star, you should know certain subtleties.
Caring for a pentas at home
Under indoor conditions, to a greater extent, lanceolate (lanceolate) pentas is grown, on the basis of which many hybrids have been bred with various shades. This plant is also interesting because the seeds of the pentas are of the same color; soon you can get “offspring” with different color shades.
In one season, the pentas can bloom several times, making small stops for rest. If you feed it regularly, then the flowering periods can be increased, but this should not be abused, since this flower constantly needs rest and this can be seen by its appearance. If you give him periods of rest, then the pentas will bloom with renewed vigor every time.
Location and lighting
The most suitable place for this flower is the southern window, with the presence of a sufficient amount of light, but after a long winter period, it is not advisable to immediately expose the pentas to direct sunlight, since the leaves may burn.
The flower should be taught to full sun rays gradually. In the summer, if possible, it is better to transfer the pentas to the garden. If this is not possible, then you can go to the loggia or to the balcony. As a last resort, you can organize regular ventilation of the room. This is probably the only indoor ornamental plant that is not afraid of drafts, especially summer ones.
The optimum temperature for the pentas is 20-25 ° C, but not more. At higher temperatures, the leaves begin to wilt, and the stems stretch upward, after which they lose their stability.
If, starting in spring, the watering of the pentas is increased, then by the summer you can get a flowering plant. The water should be defended, and its temperature should be at room temperature. In order for the flower to develop normally and bloom, it is necessary to apply complex mineral fertilizers for flowering, with a predominance of phosphorus, which stimulates the formation of buds. In the autumn-winter period, watering is reduced, but not stopped. As a result of a lack of moisture, pentasa leaves will quickly turn yellow.
For this, plants such an indicator is of great importance. The air humidity around this flower should be about 60%, which is a lot, as for the conditions of modern apartments. In order to somehow bring the conditions closer to the required ones, it is advisable to often bathe (spray) the flower with soft water. In this case, you need to ensure that water does not fall on the flower. Very good results can be obtained if you pour expanded clay or moss into the pallet, and then moisten them. It is very important that the flower pot is at a certain distance, then you can get the desired moisture within the flower's location.
This plant will not be able to develop normally without frequent transplants. The flower develops very quickly, resulting in many young shoots, which in turn leads to an increase in root mass, so that the plant feels comfortable, it should be transplanted into a larger pot. Young pentas require annual replanting, and older plants as needed.
If the flower is regularly rejuvenated, then there is no point in replanting it.
It is better if this plant will be planted in a ready-made, purchased substrate for decorative deciduous plants. This flower does not like soils in which there are various salts.
It is necessary to control the growth of the pentas from the first days of planting, as it grows in any unpredictable directions, which leads to a loss of decorative effect. To get a neat bush, you should constantly pinch the shoots that begin to emerge from the aesthetic image of the flower.
Pruning should be done in the intervals between its increase.
Many growers claim that pentas is an annual plant and this is true. But its lifespan can be increased to 3 years, if you carry out constant rejuvenation. Therefore, it is necessary to take into account this factor and always have young cuttings or seeds in stock. This flower can bloom both in winter and in summer, but its main purpose is classic flowering in winter. Indeed, in winter there are so many different colors, in contrast to the summer period. Therefore, all the efforts of the grower should be aimed at ensuring that the flower pleases those around with its flowering in winter.
If the pentas is planted in the garden, then it is natural that it will bloom in the summer, along with all the flowers located in the flower bed.
The best way to propagate a garden pentasa is by planting seeds (through seedlings). It grows rapidly and can be planted in the ground as early as May. For indoor cultivation, the option with rooting cuttings in damp earth or in water is better suited.
From time to time, Pentas needs to be left alone and he, somewhere in a secluded place, was able to accumulate a little strength and energy. To please others with unique flowering again. But it’s not that easy. Finding a suitable room for a pentas in the summer is a challenge. The most suitable place at this time for him may be the cellar. Before moving to a cool place (relatively cool), the flower should be pruned and all buds removed. Watering should be reduced, but the soil should not dry out.
Somewhere in the month of August, the Egyptian star is taken out of the cellar and transplanted into a new pot, after which it is installed on the north window. After that, the plant needs to be watered more actively. During the autumn period, it is actively growing and gaining strength to bloom again, as before.
PENTAS is an alternative to geranium. Sowing.
Notes and Recommendations
Pentas - This is one of the few indoor plants that agree to bloom in the most cloudy period of time - from October to February. On such days, you rejoice in any greenery, every leaf and flower, even on the windowsill ... But when a blooming pentasa hat, strewn with five-pointed inflorescences-stars, opens before your eyes, it is impossible to remain indifferent! More than one florist fell in love with pentasa flowers because they light up like New Year's fireworks in our gray rooms and remind us that winter will end sooner or later and there is no need to be sad!
In the "boudoirs" of flower growers it is called a bouquet in a pot or an Egyptian star. You know, I completely agree with these names: even one pot of this unique plant on the table can ignite and cheer up! Considering that flowers can be of a wide variety of colors (pink, milky, white, flesh, lilac, crimson, red, etc.), there is no price at all for it! Pentas care is somewhat different from traditional pet care. So I will try to tell you about caring for this handsome man.
Pentas or Egyptian star care
At home, lanceolate pentas are mainly bred. He is the most unpretentious.
In the open field, content is possible only in the southern regions, where the temperature does not drop below +10 ° C. In the temperate climate zone, they are planted in the garden during the warm period. In this case, the flower grows like an annual.
Pentas multiplies in two ways:
Indoors grown from seeds throughout the year:
- Use shallow containers and boxes. Planting is carried out in loose, moist soil. Seeds are not sprinkled.
- The crops are covered with foil or glass, creating a small greenhouse.
- The temperature is maintained at + 20 ... + 25 ° С.
- With sufficient light, the sprouts will sprout in about 2 weeks.
- Seedlings dive after 1-1.5 months, when two true leaves appear.
- After the next month, the seedlings are transplanted one at a time into pots.
- Drainage must be laid at the bottom.
Propagated by cuttings in spring:
- cut the cuttings at least 5 cm long, or use the cuttings obtained after pruning
- to accelerate the formation of roots, they are moistened with a special solution (Kornevin)
- prepare soil mixture (sod, leafy earth, sand in the same amount)
- use containers with a diameter of 7 cm
- planted in a moist prepared substrate
- create greenhouse conditions, maintain the temperature + 16 ... + 18 ° С.
Necessary conditions and care:
|Factor||Spring Summer||Autumn winter|
|Location||South facing or balcony with wind protection.||South side.|
|Lighting||Bright sunny.||Additional lighting using phytolamps.|
|Temperature||+ 20 ... + 25 ° С||Not lower than +16 ° С|
|Humidity||60-80%. Regular spraying of leaves, using a pallet with wet expanded clay.|
|Watering||Abundant, but without waterlogging. Use soft, settled water not colder than the temperature in the room.||Not abundant, regular, given the drying out of the topsoil.|
|Top dressing||Complex and nitrogen-containing fertilizers for flowering plants. Apply after 14 days.||Not necessary if the plant is resting.|
We grow pentas at home
For growing perennials at home, hybrids of the natural variety of the Lanceolate pentas are most often used. It is known that in nature the flower itself "decides" when to bloom. Growing in tropical rainforests, it can form flower buds in winter or summer. Note that during the tropical winter, our country is in the midst of the summer season. It is very difficult to regulate this process at home.
The only thing that can be influenced is the duration of flowering. This is done by pruning the inflorescences. Remember that the pentas has a conveyor flowering mechanism. That is, while one inflorescence is fading, it is gaining buds for the next. You can also extend the growing season by introducing mineral dressings. But, for a perennial, "wintering" and rest are of great importance. All this should be taken into account when organizing pentas care in a home collection.
Caring for pentas during flowering, forming a bush
Pentas blooms throughout the year with short recovery breaks. The cessation of bud formation is a natural process, it is not associated with a lack of watering or illumination. But you can influence him. The flowering of the pentasa is extended by applying a special foliar application for flowering indoor plants, which stimulates the formation of buds in the inflorescences.
Stopping feeding stops this process and allows the plant to recover. Stimulating flowering for too long can deplete the flower and the inflorescences become small and sparse. In this case, it is recommended to exclude fertilizers and transfer the flower during the rest period.
After a break, flowering resumes with renewed vigor: the inflorescences become more lush.
The most natural season for pentas to bloom is from October to November. It is at this time that the plant blooms in the tropics of Africa or Arabia. Summer bloom in indoor cultivation is caused by stimulation with the help of special preparations or saturation of the soil with nutrients.
The stem is strongly stretched in the absence of additional care for the bush. In the presence of young shoots that spoil the decorative appearance of the trunk, they need to be pinched regularly. But this should be done in the intervals between flowering periods. Thanks to this treatment, the plant becomes more branched, forming a lush herbaceous bush with abundant flowering.
You need to cut off young shoots at a height of 40-50 cm. The formation of a taller bush can negatively affect its volume.
How to propagate amaryllis?
Amaryllidaceae are propagated by seeds and baby bulbs. Seed propagation is practiced only for selection and hybridization; for amateur floriculture, this propagation method is considered very costly and ineffective. I will share a little my sad experience. In my school years, I wanted to understand what would happen when crossing red and white amaryllis. At the same time, I received seeds on both white and red specimens. There were a lot of seeds in all the seed pods. Germination was good and almost all planted seeds taken from both amaryllis germinated. There were about a hundred seedlings, I simply did not plant more, due to the lack of space. Gradually growing up, they began to take up more and more space, and I had to compact them or distribute them to friends. Having reached adulthood, they all bloomed, but I never got any outstanding or at least white-pink colors. Almost all colors were in red. After polling all the acquaintances with whom I shared the seedlings, I realized that their colors were almost completely identical to mine. This whole experiment took me about 5 years. Perhaps I was just unlucky, but my desire to become a “breeder” of Amaryllis faded away.