Salleurolium occupies a special place among ornamental deciduous plants. Delicate plants with creeping shoots can transform any interior: they can form round fluffy balls, grow in the form of a thick beard or an openwork green meadow at the foot of a giant ficus. Openwork curly leaves look great next to other flowers.
It has been known as a decorative culture for over 100 years. Homeland - evergreen moist forests of Corsica and Sardinia. The generic name was received in memory of the captain of Soleirole, who first saw this plant while traveling in Corsica. In nature, it grows along rock crevices, where it is warm, humid and where the sun rarely looks. Its thin stems are tightly intertwined and spread along the mountain slopes with an openwork green veil.
Soleirolia grows in the wild in rock crevices
Soleirolia (Helksina) is the only species of the genus. The main cultivar is Soleirolia Soleirole with bright green foliage.
The main type of flower is Soleirolium Soleirole
Decorative varieties of saltium have also been bred:
Argentia is a soil-bearing plant with silvery leaves.
The Argentia variety has silvery leaves
Variegata, notable for its leaves with thin snow-white edging.
Variegata variety leaves have a thin snow-white border
Aurea with golden green foliage.
The Aureya variety is distinguished by golden-green foliage.
The characteristic differences of the variety appear in bright light. Otherwise, the plants acquire their original emerald hue.
The species is characterized by the presence of tiny leaves only 5 mm in diameter. Because of the teardrop-shaped leaves, the plant is popularly called baby tears.
Soleyrolia has very small teardrop-shaped leaves.
Blooms in spring. Small flowers (1 mm) are located in the leaf axils. Numerous stems, intertwining, form a continuous green leaf. The roots are thin, threadlike.
Numerous shoots form a dense green carpet
The plant is also known as indoor duckweed and Irish moss.
Okay adapts to conditions content, it's easy to grow it in an apartment... Tolerates temporary drought: capable of rapid recovery as soon as watering resumes.
Soleirolia recovers quickly when watering is resumed
Soleirolia - video
In the room, salt lily is placed in a hanging planter, on a high stand - the shoots hang beautifully, forming a dense growth. Ground cover properties are used in large pots, where tall indoor plants are planted - delicate leaves will quickly cover the entire surface with a green carpet.
Salleurolium greens look great next to other indoor flowers.
Important! Soleirolia is often planted on the bare trunks of dracaena, yucca, and palm trees. However, it should be remembered that she is quite aggressive and can strangle her more fragile neighbor.
Soleirolia is perfect for decorating open-type florariums, in which a humid microclimate is maintained.
Soleirolia feels great in the florarium
For reference. Florarium is a plant composition in a glass vessel: a tall glass, a vase, an aquarium. A garden in a bottle, representing a miniature of a tropical rainforest or desert, is created from living plants, moss, pebbles, snags.
Planting and transplanting
Soleirolia grows rapidly and requires annual transplantation. The best time to change your place of residence is early spring.
The plant prefers loose soil, without lumps. This can be purchased soil for decorative deciduous plants. When self-cooking, take an equal amount of peat, sand, earth, humus.
You can use ready-made soil for decorative deciduous plants
The flowerpot needs a wide and shallow one - the roots are superficial, they need space. To avoid stagnation of water, pebbles are placed on the bottom of the container with a layer of 3 cm.
The vase for solyrolia is selected wide and shallow
The plant is transferred annually to a larger pot.
- Prepare a nutrient soil.
- Drainage is laid on the bottom of the bowl and sprinkled with earth.
- The roots with a lump of earth are placed in a container and the voids are covered with earth.
- In a new place, the flower is allowed to take root without watering. After three days, provide normal care.
The newly purchased plant must also be transplanted from the shipping substrate into a new one.
- Be sure to wash the leaves with warm water to wash off the substance with which the plant is treated for greater safety.
- The roots are completely freed from the earth, the damaged parts are removed, the cuts are sprinkled with ash.
- The plant is planted in a new nutrient soil, watered.
Gelksina easily tolerates a transplant and quickly takes root.
Gelksin grows rapidly after transplantation
The plant can be grown in the form of a ball if formative pruning is carried out in time. Or as an ampel, pruning thinning long shoots. In this case, the salt solution falls down in a beautiful cascade or, easily climbing up the support (wooden lattice, rack), quickly turns into a thick carpet. Pots in the form of various figures, framed with green curls, look unusual.
Decorative pots covered with greenery look original
A minimal maintenance is enough for the green waterfall to delight with its beauty. The ground cover plant does not require daily attention and watering.
Soleirolia develops harmoniously in diffused lighting: direct sunlight and dry air are detrimental to the plant. Supplementary lighting in winter is carried out with fluorescent lamps.
Soleirolia prefers a bright place
With active growth, the flower is moistened twice a week through the pallet, but not poured. The plant will respond to excessive watering with yellowed leaves. But they do not save on spraying: 2-3 times on a hot day, in the cold season - 2 times a week.
When properly watered, salt lily has bright greenery.
In spring and summer, fertilizers are applied after 2 weeks, in winter - once a month. It responds to feeding with an abundance of bright greenery. They are fed with liquid complex fertilizer for decorative deciduous plants. The introduction of a small amount of liquid bird droppings also contributes to the growth of shoots.
Top dressing should only be applied to wet soil, after watering, to avoid scalding. And be sure to spray the crown.
Nitrogen fertilizers are applied only in spring and summer. The use of nitrogen at other times of the year will complicate the transition of the plant to a state of dormancy, as it causes a rapid growth of greenery.
For a year, gelxin builds up a dense mass of shoots, the stems do not have enough light and they gradually die off. The bushes are trimmed, trimmed, giving them the shape of a ball. For greater bushiness, pinch the tops.
Haircut for rejuvenation
In the case of the cascading salt, the stems are shortened, which have grown by more than 30 cm, so that they do not break from their own weight.
Having planted indoor duckweed in decorative pots of different shapes, you can use pruning to form funny forelocks from green shoots for fairy-tale characters.
With the help of pruning from green shoots, you can form funny hair
In indoor conditions, gelksina rarely blooms. In the spring, small white flowers appear, barely noticeable in the leaves. But their modest beauty lends additional charm to the green outfit.
Little white flowers appear in the spring
From October to March, the plant is in a mild dormant state. The number of watering is reduced to 1 time per week, feeding is limited. It is possible at this time to keep the flower in a cool room with a temperature of at least + 8˚C, but it is not necessary.
Solleyrolia does not require much attention. But in uncomfortable conditions, it loses its decorative effect.
The plant instantly reacts to improper care
Care errors - table
With good care, Gelksina pleases with her juicy green outfit
With proper care, the plant will delight its owners with a luscious green outfit.
Secrets of a lush lawn - video
Diseases and pests
This crop is rarely affected by pests. But it can get sick if the irrigation or lighting regime is violated.
Major diseases - table
Diseases - photo gallery
Propagated by division, cuttings, seeds, shoots.
Propagated by seeds rarely.
You can root the shoot by simply sprinkling it with earth in the pot.
After 2 months, it will develop a root system. The shoot separated from the bush is transplanted into a new container.
Delicate, but unpretentious, saltwort is an ideal plant for flower growers. It quickly grows into a thick hat, which is easy to cut and takes the desired shape. It can be planted with large plants as a cultivator, and the indoor duckweed will cover the ground with a green openwork rug. And if placed in a hanging pots, a beautiful emerald wave will fall like a waterfall descending from rocky mountains. In addition, it is also a plant useful for the home - it is believed that it cleans the space, neutralizing the harmful radiation of electrical appliances.
Soleirolia: secrets of growing and home care
Soleirolia is a charming houseplant that forms dense openwork curtains in a flower pot. It is grown separately and supplemented with compositions with larger plants, as well as grown in trendy florariums and mini-gardens. The discreet beauty of saltium attracts flower growers, while it is so easy to care for at home that even an inexperienced florist can handle the cultivation.
Hydrangea: flower propagation by cuttings
In August, you can still propagate hydrangea by cuttings. And although the optimal time for these purposes is the end of June - the beginning of July, but if you adhere to some rules, it is also quite possible to prepare excellent planting material in the last month of summer.
What cuttings of hydrangea to take and how to prepare them
Why is it better to breed hydrangeas in the first half of summer? During this period, you can prepare non-lignified cuttings. Both green cuttings and twigs, on which buds have just begun to appear, take root well. But in August, cuttings can also be rooted, although during this period they are more difficult to take.
To increase the percentage of success, you need to know how to choose and prepare a cutting:
• first of all, it is better to take the cutting from the part of the plant that is located in partial shade. Here in August there is a chance to find completely non-lignified shoots.
• Do not take the thickest and thinnest shoots for rooting. Choose cuttings of medium thickness - strong enough to take root, but not yet fully lignified, otherwise the process may take a long time
• separate the stalk from the shoot, leaving a "heel" with an influx - in this place callus forms faster and roots develop best. But, of course, if the shoot is long with several pairs of leaves, then with the "heel" you will get only one
• remove the bottom leaf or a couple
• leave the top pair of leaves, but cut the plastic sheets in half
• Cut a stalk about 1 cm above the top pair of leaves.
When planting, bury the lower pair of buds with removed leaves into the ground.
Methods for rooting cuttings of hydrangea
There are two ways to root hydrangea cuttings:
• in a pot (jar, bottle)
• in the open field.
Regardless of which method you choose, you need to create greenhouse conditions for the cuttings. If you are rooting a stalk in an open field garden, cover it with a cut plastic 5 liter. When doing this in a pot or jar, place a tall 1.5 or 2 liter bottle on top. It is better to cut off the bottom of it, and leave the neck with the lid. Then the lid can be unscrewed in order to ventilate the contents and the handle does not rot.
If a suitable bottle was not in the house and everything has already been used for other needs in the country, then stick a stick or knitting needle into the pot with a handle and put a bag on top. The wand will hold the bag over the handle like a hut.
Rooting conditions for hydrangea cuttings
It is very important that the soil in which the hydrangea takes root is not flooded with water. And the soil mixture must be taken loose, in which water does not stagnate. Many cuttings are rooted in so-called "mud" or "porridge". But this option is not suitable for hydrangeas - it rots and molds from excess moisture. Moderate hydration is recommended for her. Therefore, another important condition is good drainage. You don't have to worry about it outdoors - the water will go deep. And when the cutting takes root in a pot or jar, then you need to take care of both the drainage holes and the drainage layer so that the water does not stagnate.
Another important point is the rooting temperature. The optimal indicator for this is + 20… +24? С. If the thermometer drops below +20? C, the stalk will start to rot. This also needs to be considered in cool August. And when you feel that the air is getting cooler, then it is better to refuse from rooting in the open field in favor of a pot in the house.
In addition, the pot with the rooting cuttings should not be kept in the sun, but in the shade. And for rooting in the open field, it is also necessary to select a place where the sun does not burn.
Soleirolia home care reproduction signs
Soleirolia is a herbaceous creeping perennial belonging to the nettle family. It has long filamentous shoots covered with small oval leaf plates that have a rich green color. The inflorescences of gelksina are small, creamy or white.
In nature, the plant grows in the tropics of the Mediterranean, as well as in Sardinia and Corsica. In addition, it can be found on the shores of lakes and rivers. At home, Gelksina is grown as a ground cover crop. Most often it is used to create greenhouse compositions.
In nature, only one type of salt grows. Cultivated Gelksina is represented by four varieties, two of which are rare, so they are not often found in home cultivation.
Even a novice florist can grow saltyrolia, and thanks to our advice, it will be even easier to do this.
Types and varieties
Soleirolia Argentea - is a ground cover, not tall, herbaceous plant with thin, creeping shoots. It has a filamentous root system. Each thin branch of the plant is covered with small, oval leaves, shimmering with silver. Salleuria blooms with nondescript small cream or white flowers, however, flowering in domestic crops is extremely rare.
Soleirolia Variegata - is a low herbaceous ground cover with thin and fragile shoots, covered with small green oval leaves with a thin white border around the edges. In indoor conditions, the plant practically does not bloom, and if it blooms, it is covered with small nondescript inflorescences of a white shade.
Soleirolia aurea - the plant is a small bush with thin, creeping shoots, densely covered with light green-golden oval-shaped leaf plates. When growing gelxins of this variety in a pot, it will most likely not be possible to see the flowering of the plant, since only one out of a hundred saltworm blooms at home.
Soleirolia Green - the plant differs from other varieties in miniature, the bush reaches a width of 20 centimeters. Gelksina has thin, fragile and long shoots with small leaf plates of dark green color. With proper care, it turns into a luxurious little bush, ideal for making living interior compositions.
Soleirolia home care
Plants, whose homeland are the tropics, require the creation of a special microclimate for their growth and development, with a strict temperature and humidity regime, frequency of watering, fertilization and other intricacies of care.
The salt-loving plant is light-loving and if it grows in the shade, it will quickly lose its decorative effect, as the shoots will begin to stretch out, and the deciduous cover will thin out. For proper development, the plant should be grown in a north window, but additional lighting should be provided.
Sufficient illumination will have a beneficial effect on the appearance of the sheet plates, they will become denser, juicier and more glossy. However, if they are exposed to direct sunlight, it will cause burns, browning and foliage falling off, so salt should be protected from direct sunlight in order to avoid problems. Gelksina needs to provide diffused lighting and then she will feel comfortable.
In the summer season, the temperature in the room with the plant should not exceed + 20 degrees. The maximum threshold is + 25 degrees, but salt should be sprayed more often and humidified the air.
In the winter season, the temperature should not fall below + 15 degrees, if it drops below + 8, the plant will die. In winter, the plant should be sprayed once a week, and salt should be avoided near heating devices, since hot air has a detrimental effect on the plant.
Pilea is also a member of the Nettle family. It is grown when nursing at home without much hassle, if you follow the rules of agricultural technology. All the necessary recommendations can be found in this article.
The soil in a pot with a plant should not dry out, otherwise it will negatively affect its appearance and development. The soil should always be slightly damp, but the water should not stagnate at the bottom of the pot, otherwise the root system may rot. For this reason, when planting gelksina, good drainage should be created from fine expanded clay.
Young plants need to be watered every two days, and for adult crops, watering should be carried out no more than twice a week, depending on the drying out of the digger. With the onset of winter, watering should be reduced to once a week, and, starting in spring, increased to the usual volume.
Soil for salt
Gelksina loves loose, breathable soil. For planting, you can use a mixture of leaf turf, sand and peat, or ready-made soil for palm plants.
When planting young bushes, one should not forget about creating a drainage layer.
Gelksin should be transplanted in the spring. If the grower wants to prepare the soil on his own, then he needs to mix fine sand, leaf turf and peat in equal parts. The main condition for normal plant growth is loose, air-permeable soil with neutral or low acidity. You can also use ready-made soil for palm trees for replanting, which can be purchased at the store.
Since the plant is very fragile and delicate, it should be transplanted together with the soil and when transferring from one pot to another, it is necessary to hold the branches so that they do not break.
To transplant the salt, you should opt for a wide, but shallow pot, at the bottom of which it is imperative to drain vermiculite or fine expanded clay. After the plant transplant is completed, the soil mixture should be lightly tamped and moistened abundantly.
Top dressing of saltium
Top dressing should be applied from spring to early autumn. In winter, you do not need to fertilize the plant. The procedure is carried out every fourteen days using a complex fertilizer for deciduous ornamental plants.
If the gelksine lacks nutrients, its shoots will begin to stretch, and the leaf plates will turn pale.
The flowering time of the plant is in the spring. In nature, saltwort blooms for a long time (more than two months) and abundantly. Each stem is covered with inflorescences.
Despite the fact that the flowers are very small and have a white or cream shade, they look quite attractive, although their beauty is discreet. After flowering, gelksin does not bear fruit.
The plant painlessly tolerates pruning, although this procedure is usually not necessary. However, if a florist wants to give the gelksina a special shape, he can cut it.
To stimulate the growth of the plant, you can thin out its shoots a little at the beginning of spring, thus, it will be possible to make the saltérolia more magnificent.
Preparing saline for winter
Helksina, like other indoor plants, has a dormant period in winter, and accordingly, care for it at this time of the year changes slightly. With regard to watering salt, then it should be reduced to once a week. Top dressing during the dormant period is not necessary.
It is also necessary to monitor the humidity of the air, which can reflect the heating devices. To make it optimal, a humidifier should be placed next to the plant, and sprayed with a spray bottle once a week. With the onset of spring, you can return to the usual care of gelksina.
Soleirolia seed cultivation
Since the decorative characteristics of the plant, four years after planting, begin to deteriorate noticeably, one should think about its renewal, or rather, about how to propagate gelksin.
Reproduction can be done by cuttings, seeds, bush division and shoot rooting.
For seed propagation, use seed purchased from a flower shop. For sowing, prepare a container with soil for palm plants.
Then it is necessary to sow seeds into it by spraying the entire surface of the soil mixture with a spray bottle. Further, the container must be covered with foil and removed to a warm place, providing the seeds with diffused light.
From time to time it is necessary to remove the film, spray the seedlings and ventilate the greenhouse. Once the seedlings have germinated, they should be planted in pots for permanent cultivation.
Reproduction of saltyrolia by dividing the bush
For reproduction by bush division, it is enough to separate part of the plant along with the soil and plant it in another pot.
This breeding method is the simplest, therefore it is used most often.
Soleirolia propagation by cuttings
Using cuttings for propagation, several branches should be cut off from the mother salt and rooted in water or a peat-sand mixture.
When the roots appear after three weeks, the plants should be planted in a separate pot for permanent cultivation.
Reproduction of saltyrolia by rooting shoots
Using the shoot rooting technique, the branch should be bent and sprinkled with soil directly in the pot.
A few months later, a new shoot will appear with already formed roots. Then it can be separated and transplanted into another pot.
Diseases and pests
Despite the fact that helksina rarely gets sick and is attacked by pests, several dangers still threaten her.
Gray rot - if on sheet plates a gray fungal bloom began to appear, you should immediately reduce the humidity, the number of waterings and remove the affected shoots. Only in this case will it be possible to save salineurol from death.
Brown rot - this is usually a disease affects shoots, leading to their thinning and drying... When this ailment appears, the plant should be treated with the drug "Rovral" according to the instructions on the package. And in order to prevent its appearance, it is necessary to remove dead branches and leaf plates in time.
Whitefly - evidence of a pest attack curling, yellowing and falling leaves... When the first signs of insect damage appear, the plant should be sprayed with Aktara fungicide.
Spider mite - if helksin steel dry up and fall off the leaves, then, most likely, it was attacked by a spider mite. Until the plant dies, it must be treated with Fitoverm fungicide according to the instructions on the package.
How to save saltyrolia if it has dried up
Since saltium is a very tenacious plant, albeit a capricious plant, but like a phoenix, it can be reborn from their ashes.
Even if the gelksina is completely dry, it can be reanimated by cleaning it from dead shoots and replanting the remaining roots into fresh soil. Within a month, with proper care, the plant will acquire a luxurious, thick green hair.
Soleiroly omens and superstitions
Solleyrolia is considered a capricious plant, but despite this it is quite simple to care for it and even if it has dried up, it can be easily brought back to life. In addition, it practically does not get sick and it is easy to reproduce it.
Gelksin juice does not contain toxic substances, so it can be grown in a house where there are children and pets, as it is absolutely safe for health.
To get this ornamental plant in the house should be those who want to neutralize the negativity and improve their health. Gelksina is able to eliminate negative radiation from household appliances and refresh the atmosphere in the house thanks to its positive energy. Therefore, if you decide to have a useful and beautiful plant, then saltium is exactly what you need.
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Soleirolia: home care
Many growers believe that the plant is very picky and caring for it will be too troublesome. Yes, salt will not grow in normal apartment conditions, it needs special conditions. But it cannot be called very complex or hothouse.
Note! Decorative nettle has fragile roots and shoots, but, despite this, the plant is very resistant to sudden changes in temperature, it is not afraid of drafts. It can recover from a complete drought.
- the temperature in summer should not exceed 25 ° С, optimally - 20 ° С. In winter 15-20 ° С
- lighting should be maximum, but diffused, as soft leaves can get burned
- watering is plentiful on hot days, it is important to ensure that the soil is always moist. The roots are thin and easily rot if there is water in the pan or there is no good drainage in the pot. Signal that there is too much stagnant moisture in the soil - rotting and turning brown leaves at the base of the stems
- humidity should be tropical. On hot summer days, you need to spray the flower three times a day, then the juicy and dense greens will become grateful in return. In winter, it should be sprayed once a week. If the humidity for the plant is low, its leaves will fall off, and the tips of the stems will dry.
- feeding continues from the beginning of active growth until September. The usual complex composition is suitable no more than twice a month.
Important! Top dressing with annual soil renewal is not required.
As light and humidity drop sharply, flower stems often stretch out, leaves grow sparsely and lose their color saturation. If you arrange a dormant period for the plant, then it will perfectly retain its decorative appearance. When the temperature drops, it goes into sleep mode, growth stops, and the flower does not require frequent watering, spraying and abundant lighting.
Note! The sleeping plant can be placed in the shade and partial shade.
It is important during this period to reduce the temperature to 12-15 ° C and keep it without hesitation. An increase to 20 ° C will wake up the plant after hibernation, and it will begin to grow, and this requires light and humidity. A decrease in temperature to 8 ° C will completely destroy the flower without the possibility of recovery.
Soleirolia is a houseplant that does not feel very comfortable in winter.
If there is no way to make the temperature regime for hibernation, you need to take into account several nuances of wintering:
- for the growth of dense stems, additional artificial lighting is needed
- if the flower stands next to heating devices, the air will be dry, which has a detrimental effect on the appearance of the flower. To increase the humidity, place containers with water next to the saltrolium pot.
- if active growth is observed, you can feed it once a month with complex fertilizer.
The awakening period for nettles is late February, early March. During this period, the plant is pruned, transplanted, placed in a sunny place and begin to fertilize. In early spring, with proper care, it can even bloom. Although its bloom does not represent a colorful picture, this fact serves as a sign of the comfortable living conditions of the flower.
The bush loses its decorative effect after 2-3 years of growth in the same pot, so it is often completely renewed. If saltium is adjacent to a larger plant in a pot, you can save its decorative effect after wintering by pruning.
For your information! Forming short shoots, removing long and naked ones after wintering, you can get a green ball. Pruning does not injure the plant at all and does not require additional processing of the sections.
During transplanting, it is also recommended to prune shoots that are too long so as not to deplete them while adapting to new soil.
Many indoor plant lovers argue that caring for this flower is not too difficult. Of course, there are certain nuances. For example, a pot with a flower must be placed in the right place, often watered in summer, periodically fed.
The culture develops well in summer at a temperature of 20-27 ° C. A pot with a flower in the warm season can be taken out into the open air, but provided that the sun's rays will not fall on it.
In winter, the culture can withstand a temperature range of 8 to 15 ° C.
The flower can be placed both on a well-lit windowsill and in partial shade.
It is necessary to ensure that the direct rays of the sun do not fall on the bush, otherwise the leaves will get burned.
Attention! When kept in full shade, the shoots will stretch, the leaves will turn pale.
In spring and summer, the bushes are watered abundantly with warm, settled water. Excess liquid from the pan is removed a few minutes after irrigation.
In winter, saline is watered sparingly.
Soleroilia likes abundant watering
The culture loves high air humidity, therefore, in the hot season, every day it is sprayed with water from a spray bottle.
At temperatures below 20 ° C, the bushes are sprayed 2-3 times a week.
Dry air has a detrimental effect on saltiness.
To increase the humidity, a vessel with water is placed next to the flower. Placing a pot with a plant in a tray into which small stones are poured and water is poured to their upper level has a beneficial effect.
The culture is planted in a ready-made substrate for decorative deciduous plants, purchased at a flower shop.
The soil mixture can also be prepared independently from the following components:
- turf and leafy land
Attention! Before planting a flower, the soil must be steamed or calcined.
Soleirolia can be planted in a pot for tall plants
Soleirolia is fed with mineral fertilizers for decorative deciduous plants. The procedure is carried out every 15-20 days, starting in March.
In autumn, the amount of dressing is reduced, in winter the plants are given a dormant period.
If gelxina is used as a ground cover plant, no pruning is done. It is needed to give the bushes the desired shape.
Periodically, old shoots dry out, they need to be cut off so that the salt will retain its decorative appearance.
Important! Any trimming should be done with a sharp, sanitized tool.
Soleirolia (gelksina): photo, types of indoor plants, video gallery, home care
Soleirolia (Soleirolia) or Gelksina (Helksina) (Helxine) is a perennial herb belonging to the Nettle family. Natural habitats include the island of Corsica and several areas of the Mediterranean.
Description of the plant
The plant thrives in terrariums and bottle gardens. In the house, it can be placed in hanging vases installed on tables or stands, and they decorate aquariums with salt. Gelksin is not recommended to be planted in large pots along with low-growing plants, it can provoke their suffocation.
The flower can be placed in the bedroom of adults and children as it purifies the air and protects against smog.
How does it bloom?
The stalks of the saltwort are covered with small petiolate leaves, which are arranged in pairs. The leaf plate has a bright green color, round or ovoid, with relief radial veins. The diameter of the glossy sheets does not exceed 5 millimeters.
Sometimes single flowers are formed from internodes. They are a bunch of silvery stamens and a pistil. After flowering, small seed boxes form.
In the genus Gelksina, only one species has been registered - Soleirolia soleirolii, intended for growing both in open soil and in pots.
Microclimate and conditions of detention
The optimum temperature for growing Saline is 18-25 ° C. In the summer, gelksin is allowed to be taken out to the balcony or used in the form of an ampelous plant. In winter, you need to protect it from drafts, as it can die.
It is recommended to plant a flower under diffused sunlight. But during short daylight hours, the plant can be placed under artificial lighting. Soleirolia feels great with a little darkening.
When keeping a plant at home, you need to pay attention to the following points:
- The soil. A substrate containing small pebbles, sand, turf soil is recommended.
- Watering. The plant is moisture-loving, so it is sprayed 2-3 times a day. Do not allow stagnation of water in the sump.
- Top dressing. The flower must be fed every 2-3 weeks using a complex fertilizer. In winter, fertilizers are applied once a month.
- The flower is propagated by cuttings or dividing the bush.
Signs and superstitions
Among the magical properties of saltium, the ability of a flower to bring joy to the house, cheer up and facilitate communication is distinguished.
The plant can relieve a person from depression, it is recommended to place it in children's rooms, since it will have a calming effect on the child.
Since saltium belongs to plants with calm energy, then according to the teachings of Feng Shui, it is also recommended to place it in the nursery. The color will provide sound sleep and create harmony.
Nevertheless, Feng Shui prohibits placing salt in the following rooms:
- bedroom of adults - there is an increase in Yang energy, which worsens the relationship between spouses
- in the living room - due to the fact that the processes of decay and decomposition take place all the time in the flower soil, the formation of positive energy becomes impossible.
Types of salt with photos and names
There is only one species in the genus Soleirolia - Soleirolia soleirolii. The green leaves of this plant have a shiny surface.
To diversify the assortment of the flower, several varieties of decorative gelxina were bred by breeders:
- argentea - has silvery leaves
- variegata - leaves with a thin white border are present
- aurea - is distinguished by the presence of yellowish or golden foliage.
Variety differences are noticeable only in bright light.
Soleirolia is a plant that will make your home cozy and rid the air of harmful elements present in it. Suitable for growing in various climatic conditions, the main thing is to follow the required care rules.
A comfortable place for a flower
The plant does not tolerate cold or heat, does not like drought or excessive watering, reacts negatively to darkness and direct sunlight.
It is not advisable to place Saltrolium near heating devices, an air conditioner or a fan.
The best option for placing gelksina will be the north side of the room; in summer, flowerpots with it can be taken out to the balcony or into the garden.
REFERENCE! It is believed that salt can pick up radiation from electrical appliances, so it is often placed near a TV or computer.
The most comfortable temperature from late spring to early autumn should not exceed +23 ° C, the maximum allowable rate is +25. At a higher air temperature, saline needs frequent spraying and watering.
In winter, the temperature should not be lower than +15 ° C, and indicators below +8 are dangerous for the life of the plant.
The ideal option for gelksina is bright, diffused light.
With a sufficient amount of light, the foliage becomes denser and shinier, however, direct sunlight should not be allowed to hit it, which can burn it.
In winter, with a short daylight hours, the plant must be provided with additional lighting, otherwise its stems will dry out.
IMPORTANT! For uniform growth of shoots, it is necessary to periodically turn the flowerpot relative to the light.
It should be at least 60-80%; to maintain it, it is necessary to spray saltium daily, and at high temperatures - several times a day.
In winter, the number of sprays can be reduced to 2-3 times a week.
Solleyrolia may be in the shade, but its shoots will become too long, the foliage will thin out, and the plant will lose its decorative appearance.
Pruning and rejuvenation
Salleurolium does not have an urgent need for careful pruning, but with its help you can rejuvenate the plant and give it a certain shape by cutting off the elongated and bare stems. In the spring, if you wish, you can cut off old shoots to stimulate its growth.
IMPORTANT! The plant does not need a dormant period, which allows you not to change the care for it.
You can buy saltium in flower shops or order online, the cost varies from 250 to 600 rubles.
2 weeks after purchasing the plant, it must be transplanted.
The most suitable option for planting saltwort is humified soil. You can purchase a ready-made potting mix in a store; a universal soil, soil for decorative deciduous plants, violets and palms is suitable.
When buying, you should pay attention to the acidity of the soil - it should be neutral or low.
The soil mixture can be prepared independently by mixing leafy soil, peat and sand in equal proportions. Add a small amount of small pebbles to the resulting mixture to make it looser and more breathable.
If you prepare the soil yourself, it must be calcined or steamed for disinfection purposes.
For gelksina, you need a wide and shallow pot-bowl with a capacious tray for bottom irrigation, you can also grow it in florariums or terrariums. In any case, at least 2-3 cm of drainage must be laid on the bottom.
Expanded clay, large pebbles, perlite or vermiculite are used for drainage.
Salineolium transplant is carried out in the spring and only if there are reasons for it:
- strong overgrowth and need for a larger pot
- the formation of bald spots in the middle of the bush
- a large number of dry branches
- decay of the root system
- 2 weeks have passed since the purchase.
For transplanting, you should take a pot a little larger than the previous one, lay drainage at the bottom. Cut off long and damaged stems of the plant, and then move it to a new pot, passing the earthen ball along with the root system.
IMPORTANT! Shoot roots are fragile and brittle, transplanting must be done carefully.
Pour the prepared soil on top, not reaching the edge and gently shaking the pot to fill all the voids.
The soil should be loose, no need to tamp it.
Then slightly moisten the plant, press down and sprinkle the roots with the remaining soil. Shoots should be on the surface.
After transplantation, it is better to place the salt in the shade and protect it from the sun. Before the appearance of young shoots, spray the plant and soil with a spray bottle. Further, watering and the rest of the care is carried out as usual.
Saltrolia can be propagated by cuttings, layering and dividing the bush.
Depending on the method chosen, reproduction will require:
- water for irrigation
- glass, bag or plastic wrap to create greenhouse conditions
In the spring, after thinning the salt, strong and healthy shoots remain, which are used for reproduction. For grafting you need:
- pour drainage and soil into the prepared pot
- clean the bottom of the cuttings from leaves
- put the cuttings on damp soil and press them lightly.
After planting in the soil for rooting, it is necessary to provide the cuttings with a temperature above +25 ° C, for which greenhouse conditions are created. After two to three weeks, when the roots appear, the gelxins need to be moved to normal conditions with the usual care regimen.
It is best to do grafting closer to summer.
For reproduction, layering is also used - shoots creeping along the ground, which immediately give roots. For this procedure, it is necessary to carefully bend such a shoot to the ground and sprinkle it with soil. After 2-3 months, a new bush with a good root system will appear in this place, which can be separated from the mother plant and planted in a new pot.
By dividing the bush
It is better to deal with dividing the bush during the transplantation of an adult plant.
- moisten the soil in the pot
- remove an earthen lump from it
- spread the plant on a horizontal surface and, carefully disassembling the roots and stems, divide it into several parts
- put drainage in prepared containers and fill it with soil
- place the separated parts in a pot, deepen by 3-5 cm, and root.
The first 2 days, the shoot should be kept in a cool place and not watered, but only sprayed with water at room temperature. After that, take care of it like an adult bush.
Fertilization and feeding
It is necessary to apply fertilizers throughout the year, excluding the winter months, when the temperature drops below +10 ° C.
Gelksin needs to be fed twice a month, using complex liquid organic fertilizers for decorative deciduous plants. One of the best options is Peat Oxidate.
You can use half-diluted mineral fertilizers intended for decorative deciduous crops or succulents, for example, Bona Forte or Kemira-Lux.
IMPORTANT! Frequent feeding is not needed if you transplant salturolium annually.
Soleirolia is a moisture-loving plant. In the spring and summer, watering is done abundantly and daily, in the autumn-winter period - as the soil dries up.
Bottom watering is preferable, for this you need to fill the container with water, put a pot of gelksina in it and leave it until the soil is saturated.
IMPORTANT! Excess water must be drained from the pan, as moisture stagnation provokes fungal infections in the root system.
In summer, spraying is carried out daily or twice a day, at air temperatures below +20 ° C - once a week. Do not spray in winter.
IMPORTANT! For watering and spraying, soft, settled water at room temperature is used.
Soleirolia is rarely attacked by pests or diseases, most often its disease is the result of improper care.
Gray rot appears due to too high humidity. Signs - gray bloom on the leaves, rotting and dying off of shoots. Remove damaged leaves, reduce moisture and reduce watering.
Brown rot arises and develops due to the peculiarities of the structure of the salt. The stem becomes thin and turns brownish brown. It is necessary to remove the affected parts of the gelxin. Development can be prevented by timely removal of dead leaves. An effective remedy in the fight against brown rot is the fungicide "Rovral".
Most often, saltyrolia is attacked by a whitefly, while the leaves of the plant curl, turn yellow and fall off, and on the reverse side you can see colonies of larvae.
Gelksina is also affected by a spider mite, in this case a thin web appears on the plant, and the leaves dry up and fall off.
Fitoverm, Vermittek, Aktara, Aktofit are used for pest control.
IMPORTANT! Due to the toxicity of the drugs, precautions must be taken when working with them.
The appearance of helksina leaves is an indicator of the state of the plant, by which one can judge about errors in care:
- leaves dry up and die off - insufficient air humidity and watering
- the leaves turn pale, the stems are elongated, the plant has stopped growing or is growing slowly - insufficient lighting, lack of nutrients in the soil
- the leaves dry out and become covered with brown spots - the result of a sunburn
- leaves turn yellow and fall off - excessive watering
- leaves fall - there is not enough moisture in the soil.
Why doesn't it bloom?
Salleurolium bloom stops when there is a lack of nutrients. For the appearance of small white flowers, it is necessary to feed the plant with liquid fertilizer.
Soleirolia is an unpretentious plant that even inexperienced growers can handle the cultivation of.