Description of grape variety Kishmish radiant, features of planting and cultivation

Description of grape variety Kishmish radiant, features of planting and cultivation

The grape variety Kishmish radiant attracts attention with its delicious and beautiful seedless berries, large bunches and abundant harvest. This variety has many advantages, although there are some drawbacks. However, having familiarized yourself with the peculiarities of planting and care, even a novice winegrower can grow radiant Kishmish.

The history of growing the grape variety Radiant Kishmish

The Kishmish radiant grape variety was bred by breeders of Moldova about thirty years ago. To obtain this hybrid, 2 varieties were taken as a basis: Cardinal and Kishmish pink. The main task that faced the staff of NIIViV was to get a high quality variety, and this goal was achieved by them.

Description of the grape variety Radiant Kishmish

The grapes of this variety belong to the mid-season seedless table varieties with a ripening period of about 130 days. Thanks to the efforts of breeders, grapes were obtained with vigorous bushes, a fairly strong vine and a juicy pink berry. The name of the grape radiant is explained by the fact that ripe berries seem to glow under the sun's rays from the inside.

Radiant kishmish attracts the attention of many winegrowers due to a number of advantages:

  • the peculiarities of the vine allow it to be laid on the surface of the earth and covered for the winter;
  • providing protection from frost, the variety can be cultivated in regions with a harsh climate;
  • berries without seeds, sweet, juicy and fleshy;
  • almost 70% of the shoots are fruiting, besides, the vine ripens well;
  • the bunches are large, which allows you to harvest a good harvest from one bush;
  • the thick skin of the berries provides good transportability, besides, the bunches are marketable;
  • long-term storage of fruits on the bush.

Radiant kishmish is characterized by vigorous bushes, strong vines and juicy pink berries

Despite the many positive qualities, radiant Kishmish also has disadvantages:

  • bunches with a large weight (more than 1 kg) lead to breaking off of branches;
  • for the winter period, the vine needs careful shelter;
  • the need to protect the plant from mildew and phylloxera;
  • fruits, due to their sugar content, attract wasps;
  • with large bunches (more than 50 cm), the berries ripen poorly;
  • competent care of the bush is necessary.

Characteristics of grapes Radiant Kishmish

Radiant kishmish has medium-sized or vigorous bushes. The leaves of the variety are dissected, medium-sized, rounded. The grape cluster is often more than 40 cm long in size and has an average weight of 0.5 kg. With good care, the bunch weighs more than 1 kg. Fruits are of medium size 2.5 * 2.2 cm and an average weight of 3-4 g. In shape, the berries are elongated-oval with pink-red skin. The pulp is dense with a characteristic harmonious taste and a light nutmeg tint. The sugar content of the berries is in the range of 17-21%.

Radiant Kishmish grapes are characterized by large clusters with a length of more than 40 cm and an average weight of 0.5 kg

Features of planting and growing grape varieties Radiant Kishmish

The key to a good harvest of Radiant Kishmish is proper planting and careful care. Otherwise, the taste of the berries will suffer, and in the worst case, the plant may die altogether.

Landing

For planting grapes of this variety, it is necessary to select an area where the plant will feel spacious. The distance between bushes in a row should be at least 2 m, between rows from 3 m. Since Radiant Kishmish is a pollinator for varieties such as Flamingo, Laura, Red Rapture, then when planting, it is necessary to alternate these plants. One of the features of the Kishmish under consideration, unlike other varieties of grapes, is the need to plant in a well-ventilated area.

Planting crops can be carried out in spring or autumn. As for the timing, you should focus on the local climatic conditions. In the spring, the culture is planted from the third decade of April to the third decade of May. First, lignified seedlings are planted, later they are engaged in green cuttings. With the autumn procedure, the culture can be planted from the beginning of October until the first frost. A feature of planting in the autumn is the need for careful protection of plants from the coming cold weather.

Before proceeding with the planting of seedlings of the variety in question, it is necessary to follow several steps to prepare the planting material:

  1. The root system of seedlings is soaked for at least a day in water or growth stimulants, for example, potassium or sodium humate.
  2. After soaking, the shoots are trimmed into 2–4 eyes.
  3. Before planting, seedlings should not be left in the fresh air, so it is preferable to use a wet cloth or a container with a clay mash (liquid clay).
  4. Due to the powerful root system, the planting pit is made about 0.8 * 0.8 m in size.

Video: preparing grape seedlings for planting

It is better to start preparing the planting pit in the fall or at least a month before planting the seedlings. A soil mixture of the following composition is used as a nutrient soil:

  • black soil or topsoil - 5 buckets;
  • ash - 1 l;
  • manure - 4 buckets;
  • phosphate fertilizer - 150 g.

To plant grapes, you will need to prepare a soil mixture of black soil, ash, phosphate fertilizer and manure

The process of planting grape seedlings is reduced to the following steps:

  1. A drainage layer of 10 cm from crushed stone or broken brick is poured into the pit.

    A layer of broken brick or crushed stone is poured onto the bottom of the planting pit as drainage

  2. All the prepared components are poured in such an amount that 50 cm remains to the edges of the pit. Then they are thoroughly mixed and spilled well with water so that the earth settles.
  3. After absorbing moisture, the seedling is planted, evenly distributing the root system.

    When planting a grape seedling in a pit, the root system is evenly distributed

  4. The planting hole is filled up to the brim, for which the earth from the lower layers, which remained after digging the hole, is suitable.

    The planting hole is filled up to the brim, for which you can use the earth left after digging the hole

Experienced growers insert a piece of pipe into the planting pit, through which irrigation and fertilization will be carried out in the future.

Video: spring planting of grapes

Watering

Radiant kishmish requires regular and moderate watering, the volume of which directly depends on the type of soil and weather conditions. If the crop is cultivated on chernozem soils, then 5–6 buckets per plant will be quite enough. For sandy soils, you will need to use about 10 buckets of water. It is necessary to maintain an interval of 3-4 days between irrigations. If it is rainy weather, you should wait with watering.

For radiant kishmish, regular and moderate watering is required, the volume of which depends on weather conditions and the type of soil

Top dressing

The variety of the described Kishmish responds well to additional nutrition. It is important to understand that increasing yields by applying top dressing is possible only if the fertilizers are in a form accessible to plants. Many growers use wood ash as a feed, trying to make up for the lack of phosphorus and potassium. However, you need to understand that these elements are inactive and will reach the root system no earlier than after 3-4 years under the influence of abundant irrigation and precipitation. From this we can conclude that liquid nutrient solutions are the best option for fertilizing the vineyard.

Wood ash is a good fertilizer, but nutrients will only reach the root system after a few years.

In the spring, the culture is fed with ammonium nitrate (2 tablespoons per 10 liters of water), as a rule, at the beginning of the growing season, and a little later, the same solution is used, but with the addition of 1 tbsp. potassium sulfate. Grapes respond well to foliar dressing. The receipt of such elements as zinc, boron, manganese by a plant contributes to an increase in yield by 15–20%. It is recommended to feed on a green leaf with a borax solution (5 g per 10 l of water). Every 2-3 years after harvest, the soil is fertilized with organic fertilizers (compost, mullein).

For feeding grapes, both organic and mineral fertilizers are used, by applying them under the root, as well as along the leaf

You should not abuse fertilizers, because when overfeeding, the shoots will fatten, flowering will be delayed, and the ovary is poorly formed.

Bush formation

A properly formed Kishmish radiant bush should have up to eight shoots per 1 running meter. Sometimes it is possible to increase their number to 10. It is recommended to leave a distance of at least 1 m between the arms of the shrub. In most cases, this variety is pruned by 8–12 eyes. The result is the following: if the culture is adult, then on an area of ​​4–6 m² there will be about 20–25 shoots, and on a young plant - no more than 12.

When forming a culture, it is necessary to leave a large supply of wood. Vine pruning is carried out based on its age. If the sleeve is young, then no more than 2-3 eyes are cut off, and on the old sleeve you can safely cut up to 14 eyes. It is not worth leaving more than 35 eyes of the total load on the bush. With the right approach to formation, at the end of the procedure, the bush should have no more than 4 vines with a length of about three meters. The upper part of the shrub will be fruiting, and the lower part will form sleeves.

To obtain a good harvest of Radiant Kishmish, it is necessary to carry out rationing

Do not forget about the rationing of the harvest and leave no more than two brushes on one shoot, since there may be a lack of potassium, while the fruits will lose their sweetness and become smaller. In addition, berry cracking and later ripening are possible. If we neglect the distribution of the load and leave too many bunches, then the next year the harvest may be of poor quality (small and with a loss of berry taste) or it will not be at all. This is due to the fact that the plant will need rest.

Video: the formation of a grape bush

Winter protection

Radiant kishmish does not differ in frost resistance, therefore, before the onset of winter cold weather, you need to take care of the shelter of the bush. The procedure is carried out when the temperature drops to -5–7˚С. Such temperature indicators contribute to the hardening of the bush. For protection, you can use various materials at hand, such as slate, pine needles, straw mats, earth, with preliminary digging of trenches. It is not recommended to use tyrsa, as it leads to acidification of the soil.

You can cover grapes for the winter in different ways: using straw, slate, leaves, earth

A shelter for grapes must be organized in such a way that when the melt water freezes, icing of the plant rhizomes can be avoided. A young vine, which has sufficient flexibility, is bent to the ground and covered with material. Larger shoots are insulated with straw mats, and houses are made of boards or slate for large branches.

Video: sheltering grapes for the winter

When fruiting comes

One of the questions that interests novice winegrowers, when does Radiant Kishmish begin to bear fruit? It may seem surprising, but the harvest of this variety, with proper care and pruning, can be obtained the next year after planting. Of course, its amount will be minimal, on the order of a few bunches, but you can still taste these grapes.

Diseases and pests

The Kishmish radiant variety, like many other European varieties, needs preventive measures against diseases. Experienced growers recommend adhering to the following rules, adherence to which will preserve the health of your vine:

  1. During the season, the bushes are treated 4 times with fungicides (Quadris, Topaz, Strobi, Bordeaux liquid).
  2. The fight against mildew is carried out using solutions of Nitrafen or ferrous sulfate, following the instructions for use of the drugs.
  3. Bordeaux liquid, Polychom or copper oxychloride (3%) are used against bacterial and fungal infection.
  4. If oidium is found on the bushes, a solution of colloidal sulfur is used (100 g per 10 l of water).
  5. For the winter, the surface of the land around the vineyard is sprayed with Nitrafen or ferrous sulfate (3%).

One of the diseases of many grape varieties is mildew, for the fight against which a solution of ferrous sulfate or Nitrafen is used.

Insect pests can also damage the bushes of Radiant Kishmish and damage the crop. To avoid wasps spoiling the berries, the bunches must be removed in time, avoiding overripening of the fruit. The variety in question can be attacked by the following pests: leafworm, fleas, weevils, etc. In this case, the use of drugs such as Nitrafen, Fozalon, Chlorofos will be required.

Video: grape diseases and the fight against them

Reviews of gardeners about the variety

Having made the decision to plant radiant kishmish, you will have to take care of the formation of a bush, shelter of grapes for the winter, provide it with timely prevention and protection from diseases and pests. Only in this case can one count on normal development and good fruiting for many years.

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Description of the variety Kishmish Radiant

Appointmentdining room
Sugar content of the variety17-21 %
The acidity of the variety6-7 g / l
Bunch weight700-900 g to 1000-1500 g
Bunch shapeelongated
Bunch propertyloose
Berry colorpink, sometimes crimson
Description of tastedelicate aroma of nutmeg

This table variety is not too watery, has a firm skin and juicy flesh. However, it is quite sweet (sugar content - 17-21%, acidity - 6-7 g / l). The grapes of this variety have a delicate aroma of nutmeg, which only complements and emphasizes the taste of the berry. Radiant kishmish has no pits and this is one of its main advantages.

It is best to grow this grape variety on arches or gazebos, so that the bunches hang freely and are blown by the wind. So they will not be affected by fungal diseases. Gardeners give adult shrubs such a description: vigorous, the leaves are medium in size, on a long petiole, have a heart-shaped shape. It is believed that 60 to 70% of the shoots are fruiting. This should be taken into account when draining and pruning vines. Find out how to properly prune grapes on our website!


Watch the video: How do grapes look when they start growing? grape vine produces fruit?